These notes offer a comprehensive discussion of the experimental and theoretical work done so far on the F' centers in alkali hali...
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These notes offer a comprehensive discussion of the experimental and theoretical work done so far on the F' centers in alkali halides. Here the F' center is a two-electron single-anion-vacancy entity with no other anion vacancies in its immediate neighbourhood. This definition allows for the inclusion of pair interactions between color center species which occupy a central position in the book. Quantities that control or characterize F'-related physics, such as the F-F' conversion efficiency at low temperatures or high excitation levels, the F' thermal lifetime, the F' bandshape, are given a due space. A number of experimental situations related to F' centers are also discussed. Finally, a recently revived attempt to deal with the F-F'conversion in terms of the electron transfer via (bound) polarons, a work still in progress, is described. These notes are expected to stimulate further experimental and theoretical investigations on the F' centers. Inhalt Historical background.- The F? band.- F-F? conversion via the conduction band.- F? luminescence?.- Pair interactions between color center species.- Electron spin resonance.- Production of F? centers by x-rays.- F? formation by pulsed radiolysis.- F? production by photolysis.- Thermally-stimulated phenomena.- F? exoelectrons.- Photomechanical effects.- Positron annihilation at F? centers.- F? muonics.- F? centers in the presence of F- aggregate and colloid centers.- F? centers in impure alkali halides.- Practical applications of the F-F? conversions.- Theory.- F? related nonlinearities.