A personal account of the evolution of millimeter-wave astronomy at the US National Radio Astronomy Observatory. The author recoun...
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A personal account of the evolution of millimeter-wave astronomy at the US National Radio Astronomy Observatory. The author recounts the behind-the-scenes activities of the staff from the beginnings at Kitt Peak to the closing of the Tuscon offices.
No books have been published yet on this subject Rather unique monograph presenting one of the key stories in the history of mm-wave observations in the USA (and therefore pretty much in the world) Comes at the right moment The mm-wave part of the spectrum is about the last window that remains to be opened for ground-based astronomy (gravitational waves being the other part) Currently, two major new telescopes (GTM and ALMA) are being built to operate in the mm-wave band They can be seen as a direct spin-off of the Tucson Operations ALMA (see www.alma.nrao.edu/info) is the most internationally and heavily sponsored project (at least 500 million dollar) and will become operational in 2007 With these new tools arriving within a few years, the astronomical community is funding an increasing amount of projects in mm-wave astronomy Includes supplementary material: sn.pub/extras Inhalt Foreword. 1: The Early Years. 1.1 The National Radio Astronomy Observatory. 1.2 A Millimeter-Wave Telescope 1.3 The 36-ft Telescope. 1.4 The Kitt Peak Site. 2: Construction of the Telescope. 2.1 The Rohr Corporation Design. 2.2 Actual Construction. 2.3 Initial Performance. 2.4 Initial Support for Operations. 3: Radio Lines from Molecules. 3.1 The Gold Rush. 3.2 Lingering Technical Problems. 4: Dispatched to Tucson. 4.1 Learning How the NRAO Functioned. 4.2 My Research Interests Moving Toward Tucson. 4.3 The Meeting. 5: Expanding the Tucson Facilities. 5.1 Physical Environment. 5.2 Relationship to KPNO. 5.3 Finding New Space. 5.4 New Mountain Laboratory. 5.5 New Operators' Dormitory. 5.6 The Sewage Crisis. 5.7 The Fate of Our KPNO Office Space. 5.8 Moving to the University of Arizona. 5.9 New Astronomer Dormitories on Kitt Peak. 6: Providing Adequate Electricity. 6.1 External Power. 6.2 Papago Tribal Utility. 6.3 Ground Currents. 7: Lightning and Kitt Peak. 8: Software. 8.1 The First Version. 8.2 Implementation of Green Bank Software. 8.3 FORTH. 8.4 The VAX Years. 8.5 Moving to Unix. 8.6 Off-Line Data Reduction. 8.6.1 Spectroscopy. 8.6.2 Continuum Mapping. 9: Millimeter-Wave Electronics. 9.1 Local Oscillators. 9.2 Quasi-Optical Techniques. 9.3 Receivers. 9.4 Failures. 9.4.1 Millimeter-Wave Parametric Amplifier. 9.4.2 Millimeter-Wave Bolometer. 9.4.3 The Hybrid spectrometer. 10: Quantifying mm-Wave Astronomy. 11: Scheduling. 11.1 The Initial Schedulers. 11.2 Local Control. 11.3 Paranoia and the Law of the Jungle. 12: Improving Telescope Performance. 12.1 'Foiling' the 36-ft Telescope. 12.2 The Teepee. 13: The 25-m Telescope. 13.1 What Should We Build? 13.2 Where Should We Build It? 13.3 Preparing the Formal Proposal. 13.4 Negotiating for a Mauna Kea Site. 13.5 The Funding Process.13.6 A New 12-m Surface for the 36-ft Telescope. 14: Odds and Ends. 14.1 NSF Reorganization. 14.2 Barry Goldwater's Visit. 14.3 The Chinese Visit. 14.4 AUI Board Meetings in Tucson. 14.5 Changing NRAO Directors. 15: The MMA and ALMA. 15.1 The Millimeter-Wave Array. 15.2 ALMA. 16: The Twilight Years. 16.1 Closing the 12-m Telescope---Part 1. 16.2 Closing the 12-m Telescope---Part 2. 16.3 Closing of the NRAO's 'Tucson Operations'. A: Time Line. B: List of Tucson Employees. C: Glossary.
Recollections of "Tucson Operations"
The Millimeter-Wave Observatory of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory