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Knowledge Generation and Protection

  • Fester Einband
  • 321 Seiten
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This book is the English version of the text published by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in April 200... Weiterlesen
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This book is the English version of the text published by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in April 2008 and entitled Generación y protección del conocimiento: propiedad intelectual, innovación y desarrollo 1 económico. Since then, the year that has passed has been fraught with uncertainty but has also brought signs of hope. Indeed, the past year was marked by the outbreak of the deepest and most p- vasive nancial and economic crisis since the Great Depression of 1929, a crisis generated in the United States but whose negative repercussions have spread at a phenomenal rate throughout the planet. The impact of this crisis on the p- ples of Latin America and the Caribbean will undermine the region's prospects for economic growth, employment, and poverty alleviation. This was the year in which United States citizens elected Barack Obama as their President, a clear sign of new hope. This hope was tangible at the Fifth Summit of the Americas, held in 2009 in Port of Spain, which marked a turning point in the relations between the countries that make up this hemisphere. The open posture of the United States and that country's readiness to listen rather than to impose any particular position and its willingness to engage in dialogue on an equal footing were positive signs. Moreover, it was generally admitted that there is not just one model for advancing successfully toward development.


The wealth of the most developed nations, and, to a large extent their economic growth, can be explained by the capacities to generate research, create knowledge, appropriate it and transform it into new technologies. The study of the dynamics and contemporary mechanisms for the circulation, access, and commercial application of knowledge is an urgent task, since the capabilities related to technological change appear increasingly to be the path for developing countries to move away from their condition on the periphery.

Knowledge Generation and Protection, edited by Jorge Mario Martínez-Piva, and showcasing research from academics, policymakers, and consultants, offers an analysis of three fundamental topics. The first is whether strengthening protection of intellectual property encourages or hinders technological learning and innovation in the developing countries. The second addresses the way in which knowledge is generated and how it is transformed into useful technology for the market, that is, how national innovation systems work. The third is the role of public policy as an instrument for innovation and for regulating intellectual property. Chapters explore the relationships among intellectual property, innovation, economic development, and policy in depth, with particular attention to such emerging topics as the impact of trade agreements on intellectual property rights and sensitive issues for developing countries such as access to medicines, and protection of biological diversity, living organisms, and traditional knowledge. Several chapters focus on Mexico, which serves as an important example as the only developing nation that is a member of OECD and has a rich history of industrial policy, science and technology policy, and trade openness. The concluding chapter argues that if developing countries seek to develop dynamic competitiveness based on knowledge and innovation in the present context of rigorous intellectual property regulations, they should take a leap in their science and technology policies to take advantage of the growing world market and open up long-term development paths.

Intellectual Property Today: Appropriability, Innovation and Public Policy.- Intellectual Property and Development: An Interpretation of the (NEW) Markets for Knowledge.- Protection of Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation, and Development.- The Frontier of Trade Negotiations.- The Flexibility of TRIPS and Its Possible Erosion in Bilateral, Multilateral, and Regional Negotiations.- Intellectual Property and the New Generation of Free Trade Agreements: The Agreement Between Chile and the United States of America.- Free Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property: Impacts and Challenges.- Intellectual Property Rights in the Agenda of the Developing Countries.- Intellectual Property Rights in the Agenda of the Developing Countries. Intellectual Property Laws and Access to Medicines.- Intellectual Property Rights and Biological Diversity: Considerations for Latin America.- Intellectual Property in Living Organisms. Current Situation, Trends and Challenges.- Technological and Innovation Policy in Mexico.- Premises and Instruments of Innovation Policy: A Reflection from the Mexican Case.- Recent Changes in Science and Technology Policy in Mexico: Innovation Incentives.- Scientific and Technological Policy in Mexico and Intellectual Property.


Titel: Knowledge Generation and Protection
Untertitel: Intellectual Property, Innovation and Economic Development. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
EAN: 9781441912633
ISBN: 978-1-4419-1263-3
Format: Fester Einband
Genre: Wirtschaft
Anzahl Seiten: 321
Gewicht: 653g
Größe: H235mm x B235mm x T155mm
Jahr: 2009