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Doing Optimality Theory

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 328 Seiten
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Optimality Theory revolutionized the field of phonology and had a huge impact on linguistics in general when it was first propose... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Zusammenfassung Optimality Theory revolutionized the field of phonology and had a huge impact on linguistics in general when it was first proposed in 1993. In Doing Optimality Theory! one of the key proponents of the theory explains how to do analysis and research using this model. Informationen zum Autor John J. McCarthy is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Massachusetts! Amherst. His widely cited but unpublished manuscript Prosodic Morphology I: Constraint Interaction and Satisfaction (with Alan Prince! 1993) has been an important factor in the dissemination of Optimality Theory. He is also the author of Formal Problems in Semitic Phonology and Morphology (1985)! A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (2002)! and Hidden Generalizations: Phonological Opacity in Optimality Theory (2007)! as well as the editor of Optimality Theory in Phonology: A Reader (Blackwell! 2004). Klappentext Optimality Theory revolutionized the field of phonology and had a huge impact on linguistics in general when it was first proposed in 1993. In Doing Optimality Theory! one of the key proponents of the theory explains how to do analysis and research using this model. Because the basic premises of OT are markedly different from other linguistic theories! new analytic techniques and new ways of thinking and theorizing are required. This unique work presents practical! in-depth advice for students in the field in an engaging and accessible way. Numerous questions! specific examples! and exercises throughout are designed to give readers an in-depth understanding of the material. McCarthy summarizes the core concepts of OT to make this an ideal guide for both advanced undergraduate and graduate students! and one that will! by example! lead the way to future developments in the field. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1. An Introduction to Optimality Theory.1.1 How OT Began.1.2 Why must Constraints Be Violable?1.3 The Nature of Constraints in OT.1.4 Candidate Sets: OT's Gen Component.1.5 Candidate Evaluation: OT's Eval Component.1.6 Constraint Activity.1.7 Differences Between Languages.1.8 The Version of OT Discussed in This Book.1.9 Suggestions for Further Reading.1.10 Notes.2. How to Construct an Analysis.2.1 Where to Begin.2.2 How to Rank Constraints.2.3 Working through an Analysis in Phonology.2.4 The Limits of Ranking Arguments.2.5 Candidates in Ranking Arguments.2.6 Harmonic Bounding.2.7 Constraints in Ranking Arguments.2.8 Inputs in Ranking Arguments.2.9 Working through an Analysis in Syntax.2.10 Finding and Fixing Problems in an Analysis.2.11 Constraint Ranking by Algorithm and Computer.2.12 The Logic of Constraint Ranking and Its Uses.2.13 Notes.3. How to Write Up an Analysis.3.1 Introduction.3.2 How to Organize a Paper.3.3 How to Present an OT analysis.3.4 The Responsibilities of Good Scholarship.3.5 How to Write Clearly.3.6 General Advice about Research Topics.3.7 Notes.4. Developing New Constraints.4.1 Introduction.4.2 When Is It Necessary to Modify Con?4.3 How to Discover a New Constraint.4.4 How to Define a New Constraint.4.5 Properties of Markedness Constraints.4.6 Properties of Faithfulness Constraints.4.7 Justifying Constraints.4.8 A Classified List of Common Phonological Markedness Constraints.4.9 Notes.5. Language Typology and Universals.5.1 Factorial Typology.5.2 Languages Universals and How to Explain Them in OT.5.3 Investigating the Factorial Typology of a Constraint Set.5.4 Using Factorial Typology to Test New Constraints.5.5 Factorial Typology When Con Isn't Fully Known.5.6 How to Proceed from Typology to Constraints.5.7 Notes.6. Some Current Research Questions.6.1 Introduction.6.2 How Does a Language Vary?6.3 How Is Language Acquired?6.4 Does OT Need Derivations?6.5 How Is Ungrammaticality Accounted For?6.6 Is Faithfulness Enough?6.7 Notes ...

Autorentext
John J. McCarthy is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. His widely cited but unpublished manuscript Prosodic Morphology I: Constraint Interaction and Satisfaction (with Alan Prince, 1993) has been an important factor in the dissemination of Optimality Theory. He is also the author of Formal Problems in Semitic Phonology and Morphology (1985), A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory (2002), and Hidden Generalizations: Phonological Opacity in Optimality Theory (2007), as well as the editor of Optimality Theory in Phonology: A Reader (Blackwell, 2004).

Inhalt
1. An Introduction to Optimality Theory. 1.1 How OT Began. 1.2 Why must Constraints Be Violable? 1.3 The Nature of Constraints in OT. 1.4 Candidate Sets: OT's Gen Component. 1.5 Candidate Evaluation: OT's Eval Component. 1.6 Constraint Activity. 1.7 Differences Between Languages. 1.8 The Version of OT Discussed in This Book. 1.9 Suggestions for Further Reading. 1.10 Notes. 2. How to Construct an Analysis. 2.1 Where to Begin. 2.2 How to Rank Constraints. 2.3 Working through an Analysis in Phonology. 2.4 The Limits of Ranking Arguments. 2.5 Candidates in Ranking Arguments. 2.6 Harmonic Bounding. 2.7 Constraints in Ranking Arguments. 2.8 Inputs in Ranking Arguments. 2.9 Working through an Analysis in Syntax. 2.10 Finding and Fixing Problems in an Analysis. 2.11 Constraint Ranking by Algorithm and Computer. 2.12 The Logic of Constraint Ranking and Its Uses. 2.13 Notes. 3. How to Write Up an Analysis. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 How to Organize a Paper. 3.3 How to Present an OT analysis. 3.4 The Responsibilities of Good Scholarship. 3.5 How to Write Clearly. 3.6 General Advice about Research Topics. 3.7 Notes. 4. Developing New Constraints. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 When Is It Necessary to Modify Con? 4.3 How to Discover a New Constraint. 4.4 How to Define a New Constraint. 4.5 Properties of Markedness Constraints. 4.6 Properties of Faithfulness Constraints. 4.7 Justifying Constraints. 4.8 A Classified List of Common Phonological Markedness Constraints. 4.9 Notes. 5. Language Typology and Universals. 5.1 Factorial Typology. 5.2 Languages Universals and How to Explain Them in OT. 5.3 Investigating the Factorial Typology of a Constraint Set. 5.4 Using Factorial Typology to Test New Constraints. 5.5 Factorial Typology When Con Isn't Fully Known. 5.6 How to Proceed from Typology to Constraints. 5.7 Notes. 6. Some Current Research Questions. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 How Does a Language Vary? 6.3 How Is Language Acquired? 6.4 Does OT Need Derivations? 6.5 How Is Ungrammaticality Accounted For? 6.6 Is Faithfulness Enough? 6.7 Notes

Produktinformationen

Titel: Doing Optimality Theory
Untertitel: Applying Theory to Data
Autor:
EAN: 9781405151368
ISBN: 978-1-4051-5136-8
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Wiley
Genre: Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaften
Anzahl Seiten: 328
Gewicht: 478g
Größe: H231mm x B157mm x T18mm
Jahr: 2008
Auflage: 1. Auflage