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Aspects of Split Ergativity

  • Fester Einband
  • 290 Seiten
Coon's monograph is to be recommended most highly.Jessica Coon completed her PhD in linguistics at MIT in 2010. After one year as ... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Coon's monograph is to be recommended most highly.

Autorentext
Jessica Coon completed her PhD in linguistics at MIT in 2010. After one year as a post-doc at Harvard, she joined the faculty at McGill University in 2011. Her work focuses on the morphology and syntax of under-documented languages. She has more than a decade of experience working on languages of the Mayan family.

Klappentext

Aspects of Split Ergativity argues that aspect-based split ergativity does not mark a split in how Case is assigned, but rather, a split in sentence structure.



Zusammenfassung
In languages with aspect-based split ergativity, one portion of the grammar follows an ergative pattern, while another shows a "split." In this book, Jessica Coon argues that aspectual split ergativity does not mark a split in how case is assigned, but rather, a split in sentence structure. Specifically, the contexts in which we find the appearance of a nonergative pattern in an otherwise ergative language involve added structure a disassociation between the syntactic predicate and the stem carrying the lexical verb stem. This proposal builds on the proposal of Basque split ergativity in Laka 2006, and extends it to other languages. The book begins with an analysis of split person marking patterns in Chol, a Mayan language of southern Mexico. Here appearance of split ergativity follows naturally from the fact that the progressive and the imperfective morphemes are verbs, while the perfective morpheme is not. The fact that the nonperfective morphemes are verbs, combined with independent properties of Chol grammar, results in the appearance of a split. In aspectual splits, ergativity is always retained in the perfective aspect. This book further surveys aspectual splits in a variety of unrelated languages and offers an explanation for this universal directionality of split ergativity. Following Laka's (2006) proposal for Basque, Coon proposes that the cross-linguistic tendency for imperfective aspects to pattern with locative constructions is responsible for the biclausality which causes the appearance of a nonergative pattern. Building on Demirdache and Uribe-Etxebarria's (2000) prepositional account of spatiotemporal relations, Coon proposes that the perfective is never periphrastic - and thus never involves a split - because there is no preposition in natural language that correctly captures the relation of the assertion time to the event time denoted by the perfective aspect.

Inhalt

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ; PART I COMPLEMENTATION IN CHOL ; CHAPTER 2. MAYAN BACKGROUND AND CLAUSE STRUCTURE ; CHAPTER 3. VERBS AND NOUNS IN CHOL ; CHAPTER 4. EXPLAINING SPLIT ERGATIVITY IN CHOL ; PART II A THEORY OF SPLIT ERGATIVITY ; CHAPTER 5. BEYOND MAYAN ; CHAPTER 6. THE GRAMMAR OF TEMPORAL RELATIONS ; CHAPTER 7. CONCLUSION ; APPENDIX A ABBREVIATIONS ; APPENDIX B NARRATIVE TEXT ABBREVIATIONS ; APPENDIX C SUMMARY OF BASIC CONSTRUCTIONS

Produktinformationen

Titel: Aspects of Split Ergativity
Autor:
EAN: 9780199858743
ISBN: 978-0-19-985874-3
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Oxford University Press
Genre: Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaften
Anzahl Seiten: 290
Gewicht: 598g
Größe: H237mm x B162mm x T22mm
Jahr: 2013

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