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Empire Of The North Atlantic

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 356 Seiten
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Many of the earliest books! particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before! are now extremely scarce and increasingly exp... Weiterlesen
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Klappentext Many of the earliest books! particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before! are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable! high quality! modern editions! using the original text and artwork.


THIS book is an exploration and an interpretation of an epoch of empire in the North Atlantic. It is concerned chiefly with three centuries of European rivalry and expansion, from the first conquest of the ocean by the armed sailing-ship to the beginnings of the factory age that foreshadowed the end of the wooden ship of the line. Gradually, in competition first with Spain, then with Holland, and finally with France, England achieved command of the seas. During the eighteenth century, this dominance became so constant that, despite Britain's relative weakness in manpower, she was in a position, by the time of the Napoleonic Wars, to extend her empire from its centre in the North Atlantic to the far distant reaches of the Indian and Pacific oceans. The new and colossal edifice called the Second Empire was, therefore, founded on a unique naval predominance that had been shaken only during the War of American Independence. By de terminedly establishing her naval ascendancy in western Europe, Britain had ensured not only her own national security but also a relatively unrestricted freedom to pursue trade, and to garner the strategic posts protecting that trade in every ocean. An astute analyst of naval history has put it in these words The greatest strength of British sea power in its classical period had lain in the fact that it was able to compress all its manifold offensive and defensive functions into a single task of relatively limited dimensions, the establishment of the command of the Narrow Seas of Western Europe. By establishing her control over the other naval powers along the western seaboard of Europe, Great Britain had been able to ensure simultaneously the security not only ofthe motherland but of all her widespread colonial possessions, intercepting at the source any possible enemy attack upon her, which at that time could come only across the sea. 1 J H. Rosinski, The Role of Sea Power in Global Warfare of the Future, 11 Brasseys Naval Annual, 194 London, 1947, 107. By asserting consistently this command of the sea, the Royal Navy revealed itself as an instrument of tremendous strength and influence. After the middle of the seventeenth century, it became clear to wise statesmen that absolute superiority gave its possessor the initiative anywhere on salt water. 4 The sea is one there could be no balance of power as on land when the stronger fleet secured control of sea communications, it had acquired what amounted to an exclusive monopoly. This monopoly was Britain's uninterrupted possession during the Anglo-French wars of 1793-1814 and, as already remarked, it provided the foundation of the Second Empire after 1783. The Napoleonic Wars marked the end of an era, and this book might have concluded with such an apparent culmination of imperial commercial designs, symbolized by the world-girdling network of strategic bases. Such a conclusion would, moreover, have made unnecessary any reference to later events of far reaching importance, for the introduction of the Pax Britannica after 1815 coincided with the beginnings of a new imperial epoch, the industrial age of steam navigation, screw propellers, iron hulls, shell guns, submarine cables, and free trade...


Titel: Empire Of The North Atlantic
EAN: 9781406701227
ISBN: 140670122X
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Courthope Press
Anzahl Seiten: 356
Gewicht: 475g
Größe: H216mm x B140mm x T20mm
Jahr: 2007