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Phenomenology and Dialectical Materialism

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Tran Duc Thao, a brilliant student of philosophy at the Ecole Normale Super ieure within the post-1935 decade of political disaste... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Tran Duc Thao, a brilliant student of philosophy at the Ecole Normale Super ieure within the post-1935 decade of political disaster, born in Vietnam shortly after the F ir st World War, recipient of a scholarship in Paris in 1935 37, was early noted for his independent and originaI mind_ While the 1930s twisted down to the defeat of the Spanish Republic, the compromise with German Fascism at Munich, and the start of the Second World War, and while the 1940s began with hypocritical stability at the Western Front fol lowed by the defeat of France, and the occupation of Paris by the German power together with French collaborators, and the n ended with liberation and a search for a new understanding of human situations, the young Thao was deeply immersed in the classical works of European philosophy. He was al so the attentive but critical student of a quite special generation of French metaphysicians and social philosophers: Gaston Berger, Maurice Merleau Ponty, Emile Brehier, Henri Lefebvre, Rene le Senne, Jean-Paul Sartre, perhaps the young Louis Althusser. They, in their several modes of response, had been meditating for more than a decade on the philosophy of Edmund Husserl, which came to France in the thirties as a new metaphysical enlighten ment - phenomenology.

Klappentext

Tran Duc Thao, a brilliant student of philosophy at the Ecole Normale Super ieure within the post-1935 decade of political disaster, born in Vietnam shortly after the F ir st World War, recipient of a scholarship in Paris in 1935 37, was early noted for his independent and originaI mind_ While the 1930s twisted down to the defeat of the Spanish Republic, the compromise with German Fascism at Munich, and the start of the Second World War, and while the 1940s began with hypocritical stability at the Western Front fol lowed by the defeat of France, and the occupation of Paris by the German power together with French collaborators, and the n ended with liberation and a search for a new understanding of human situations, the young Thao was deeply immersed in the classical works of European philosophy. He was al so the attentive but critical student of a quite special generation of French metaphysicians and social philosophers: Gaston Berger, Maurice Merleau Ponty, Emile Brehier, Henri Lefebvre, Rene le Senne, Jean-Paul Sartre, perhaps the young Louis Althusser. They, in their several modes of response, had been meditating for more than a decade on the philosophy of Edmund Husserl, which came to France in the thirties as a new metaphysical enlighten ment - phenomenology.



Inhalt

One: The Phenomenological Method and Its Actual Real Content.- One: The Intuition of Essences.- 1. The Technique of Variation.- 2. Pure Idealities and Empirical Idealities.- 3. The True Significance of the Notion of Essence.- 4. Difficulties with the Objectivism of Essences. The Return to the Subject.- Two: The Thematization of Concrete Consciousness.- 5. The Return to Lived Experience in the Logische Untersuchungen.- 6. The Discovery of the Reduction.- 7. The Exposition of the Ideen.- 8. The Critique of the Kantians.- 9. Fink's Reply. The Necessity of a More Radical Explanation.- 10. The Notion of Constitution. The Signification of Transcendental Idealism.- 11. The Constitution of the World of the Spirit.- 12. The Notion of Object. Perception and Judgment.- Three: The Problems of Reason.- 13. Self-Evidence (Évidence) and Truth.- 14. The problem of Error.- 15. [Self-] Evidence as Intentional Performance (Intentionale Leistung).- 16. The Possibility of Error as Contemporaneous with Truth.- 17. A Digression - The Theory of Evidence According to Descartes and the Problem of the Cartesian Circle.- 18. Phenomenological Description as a Critique of Authenticity: Static and Genetic Constitution.- 19. The Constitution of the Formal Domain: Logic and Mathematics.- 20. The Genesis of Judgment.- Four: The Result of Phenomenology.- 21. The Genesis of Antepredicative Experience and Its Real Content.- Two: The Dialectic of Real Movement.- to Part Two.- 1. Consciousness and Matter.- One: The Dialectic of Animal Behavior as the Becoming of Sense Certainty.- 2. Phenomenological Givens and Real Givens.- 3. The Movement of the Internal Sense.- 4. The Movement of the External Sense.- 5. Remarks on the Preceding Development: The Passage to the Dialectic of Human Societies.- Two: The Dialectic of Human Societies as the Becoming of Reason.- 6. Use-Value and the Movement of Sacrifice.- 7. The Movement of Wealth and the Becoming of the Gods.- 8. Mercantile Economy and the Sacrifice of the Savior, God.- 9. Monetary Economy, the Transcendence of the Idea, and the Concept of Salvation.- 10. Capitalistic Economy, the Power of Abstraction and the Proletarian Revolution.- Notes.- Bibliography of Works Cited.- Index of Names.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Phenomenology and Dialectical Materialism
Autor:
EAN: 9789027707376
ISBN: 9027707375
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Netherlands
Anzahl Seiten: 278
Gewicht: 585g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T20mm
Jahr: 1985
Auflage: 1986

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