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Coping with Drought Risk in Agriculture and Water Supply Systems

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 340 Seiten
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This collection of papers has wide appeal. It includes subjects ranging from the social and hydrological context of Mediterranean ... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This collection of papers has wide appeal. It includes subjects ranging from the social and hydrological context of Mediterranean countries, to the role of organizations and institutions in drought preparedness and case studies of effective interventions.


Over the last three decades drought episodes have resulted in severe social problems in Mediterranean countries, receiving broad attention from the international scientific and policy communities. The experiences in the development and implementation of drought management plans highlight the success and challenges of coping with drought for societies with different vulnerabilities and emphasize risk-based drought management as a critical approach to mitigate the impacts associated to drought-induced water shortages. Based on these experiences and the current methods for evaluating risk, the book synthesises guidelines for drought management that link science and policy and that can be applied to other regions. The book comprises a collection of papers divided into four sections that appeal to a broad audience. First, the social and hydrological context of Mediterranean countries is presented, discussing the interactions that have resulted in the complex institutional framework, and highlighting the importance of stakeholder involvement and awareness building for successful drought management. This section emphasises the role of organizations, institutions, and civil stakeholders involved in drought preparedness and mitigation and/or on water management for designing effective risk based strategies that mitigate the effects of drought in agriculture and water supply systems. Second, the book presents an academic approach to risk evaluation, including characterization of drought episodes, development of indicators of risk in hydrological and agricultural systems, and analysis of the role of economic instruments and groundwater for risk mitigation. This section finalises with the description of an integrated method for evaluating social vulnerability based on indicators that include the capacity to anticipate, cope, and respond to drought.The third section includes a collection of case studies that include the description of effective measures taken in the past. These case studies provide the context for developing demand driven guidelines that may be applied to other regions. The authors of these chapters can be viewed as stakeholders in drought management, since they represent a broad range of sectors and institutions from Mediterranean European and North African countries. The topics addressed have implications for the international policy community interested in disaster mitigation, agricultural policy, and development. Finally a synthesis of the management actions is presented in four chapters. Monitoring and preparedness planning is the essential first step for moving from disaster to risk management in response to drought. The management actions related to agriculture and water supply systems are presented in two different chapters but with a common conceptual framework based on the use of drought indicators for evaluating the levels of drought risk (pre-alert, alert, and emergency), that allow establishing linkages between science and policy. The final chapter discuses the lessons learned and application to other regions.

Addresses the growing issue of drought preparedness planning, monitoring, and mitigation which has worldwide application

The methodologies and lessons learned are focused on a specific, drought-prone region so the applications have more significance

The Mediterranean region is one that has been identified as experiences significant changes in climate as a result of climate change. Preparing for climatic extremes (i.e., managing climate variability) is an important first step in preparing for climate change

The Mediterranean region exemplifies many other drought-prone regions with rapidly expanding populations that are placing increased pressure on already limited water supplies



Autorentext

Dr. Ana Iglesias is a Research Scientist at the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid in Spain and previously in the Goddard Institute for Space Studies at Columbia University in New York. Her research focuses in understanding the interactions of global change with agriculture and water resources. Scientific advances include national and regional evaluations of adaptation strategies, focusing in the risk of vulnerable populations. She has contributed to programs of the U.N. Environmental Programme, UNESCO, U.S. Agency for International Development, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. She leads the development of Drought Management Guidelines within the MEDA program of the European Union.

Prof. Luis Garrote is a Professor of Civil Engineering: Hydraulics and Energetics at the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid in Spain and received formal training at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA. His academic and scientific contributions to planning and management of hydrological systems include development of hydrological models, flood forecasting, reservoir management, and intelligent decision support systems. His distinguished professional record in the integrated water resources management includes collaborations with National and International Administrations. He has developed widely applied projects financed by the programs of research and development of private companies, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, and the European Union.

Prof. Donald Wilhite. The ongoing challenge of Dr. Wilhite's work is convincing policy makers of the advantages of drought preparedness plans and mitigation actions and programs, in contrast to the more typical crisis management approach. Policy makers often do not understand drought climatology, and scientists have trouble providing probability-based information in a format that non-scientists can comprehend. Risk-based drought management can eliminate or reduce many of the impacts associated with drought-induced water shortages. Governments at all levels should take a multidisciplinary, interagency approach to drought planning as pressure on water and other natural resources increases as a result of increasing and shifting population and many other factors. Dr. Wilhite directs the National Drought Mitigation Center and the International Drought Information Center. He is a professor in the School of Natural Resources at the University of NebraskaLincoln, where he has been on the faculty since 1977. His research centers on drought management and preparedness, the policy implications of climate variability and climate change, and the effects of climate on society. In conjunction with this research, he has conducted training seminars and workshops in developing and developed countries to help governments create drought plans.



Klappentext

Today drought causes severe social problems and receives broad attention from the international scientific and policy communities. Drought management in the Mediterranean region exemplifies many other drought-prone regions with rapidly expanding populations that are placing increased pressure on already limited water supplies.
The experiences in the development and implementation of drought management plans in the Mediterranean highlight the success and challenges of coping with drought for societies with different vulnerabilities. Based on these experiences and the current methods for evaluating risk, the book synthesises guidelines for drought management that can be applied to other regions.
Coping with Drought Risk in Agriculture and Water Supply Systems addresses the growing issue of drought preparedness planning, monitoring, and mitigation which has worldwide application. The book collates considerable information from diverse disciplines. The information is presented to appeal to a broad scientific and policy audience seeking to develop proactive drought management plans effective for decreasing social vulnerability.
This book has been written within the framework of the MEDROPLAN (Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and MItigation Planning) Project, co-funded by the European Union through the Euro-Mediterranean Regional Programme for Local Water Management (MEDA Water) and the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza - CIHEAM (Spain; Coordinator), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), University of Cyprus (Cyprus), National Technical University of Athens (Greece), University of Catania (Italy), Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hasan II (Morocco), Canal de Isabel II (Spain), Confederación Hidrográfica del Tajo (Spain), Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo (Spain) and Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Environnement et des Ressources Hydrauliques (Tunisia).
Audience:
This book will be of interest to agricultural, water and land managers; policy-makers; researchers in natural hazards and risk management; graduate students in natural hazards, agricultural and water management, rural planning, policy development, and social development.



Inhalt
Foreword Part I Challenges to drought management in Mediterranean countries 1. Drought Monitoring as a Component of Drought Preparedness Planning Donald A. Wilhite 2. Soft law principles for improving drought management in Mediterranean countries Esther López-Barrero and Ana Iglesias 3. A checklist for drought policy development Nicos X. Tsiourtis 4. An environmental focus on drought: the Water Framework Directive Abel La Calle Marcos 5. Guidelines to develop drought management plans Ana Iglesias, Luis Garrote and Antonino Cancelliere Part II Methods and approaches for drought management 6. Drought characterisation in the Mediterranean George Tsakiris and Dialekti Pangalou 7. A Paradigm for Applying Risk and Hazard Concepts in Proactive Planning George Tsakiris 8. Assessment of drought risk in water supply systems Antonino Cancelliere, Vincenzo Nicolosi and Giuseppe Rossi 9. Mathematical models for reservoir operation in Tunisia Mohammed Hedi Louati and Fethi Lebdi 10. Risk management instruments supporting drought planning and policy Alberto Garrido, Almudena Gomez-Ramos 11. Methods for evaluating social vulnerability to drought Ana Iglesias, Marta Moneo and Sonia Quiroga 12. Methods for social participation and conflict resolution Ignacio Celaya, Antonio Rodríguez Perea and Xavi Carbonell Part III Learning from the Case studies 13. Development of drought management plans in Spain Luis Garrote, Ana Iglesias and Francisco Flores 14. Characterizing drought risk in a Sicilian river basin Giuseppe Rossi, Brunella Bonaccorso, Vincenzo Nicolosi and Antonino Cancelliere 15. The role of groundwater during drought Maria Casado, Francisco Flores and Roberto Gil 16. Drought severity thresholds and drought management in Greece Dialekti Pangalou, Dimitris Tigkas, Harris Vangelis, George Tsakiris and Aikaterini Nanou-Giannarou 17. Using and testing drought indicators Luis García, Alejandro Carrasco and Juan Carlos Ibáñez 18. Drought management in the urban water supply system of Canal de Isabel II, Spain Francisco Cubillo 19. The role of non-conventional and lower quality water for the satisfaction of the domestic needs in drought management plans Nicos X. Tsiourtis Annex 1. Glossary of terms and concepts

Produktinformationen

Titel: Coping with Drought Risk in Agriculture and Water Supply Systems
Untertitel: Drought Management and Policy Development in the Mediterranean
Editor:
EAN: 9789400789524
ISBN: 9400789521
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Netherlands
Anzahl Seiten: 340
Gewicht: 517g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm x T18mm
Jahr: 2014
Auflage: 2009

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