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River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa - A Policy Crossroads

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This open access book can be downloaded from link.springer.com This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development pr... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This open access book can be downloaded from link.springer.com

This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigenous people. The volume traces the historical origins of Gibe III megadam construction along the Omo River in Ethiopia-in turn, enabling irrigation for commercial-scale agricultural development and causing radical reduction of downstream Omo and (Kenya's) Lake Turkana waters. Presenting case studies of indigenous Dasanech and northernmost Turkana livelihood systems and Gibe III linked impacts on them, the author predicts agropastoral and fishing economic collapse, region-wide hunger with exposure to disease epidemics, irreversible natural resource destruction and cross-border interethnic armed conflict spilling into South Sudan. The book identifies fundamental failings of government and development bank impact assessments, including their distortion or omission of mandated transboundary assessment, cumulative effects of the Gibe III dam and its linked Ethiopia-Kenya energy transmission 'highway' project, key hydrologic and human ecological characteristics, major earthquake threat in the dam region and widespread expropriation and political repression. Violations of internationally recognized human rights, especially by the Ethiopian government but also the Kenyan government, are extensive and on the increase-with collaboration by the development banks, in breach of their own internal operational procedures. A policy crossroads has now emerged. The author presents the alternative to the present looming catastrophe-consideration of development suspension in order to undertake genuinely independent transboundary assessment and a plan for continued development action within a human rights framework-forging a sustainable future for the indigenous peoples now directly threatened and for their respective eastern Africa states.

Claudia Carr's book is a treasure of detailed information gathered over many years concerning river basin development of the Omo River in Ethiopia and its impact on the peoples of the lower Omo Basin and the Lake Turkana region in Kenya. It contains numerous maps, charts, and photographs not previously available to the public. The book is highly critical of the environmental and human rights implications of the Omo River hydropower projects on both the local ethnic communities in Ethiopia and on the downstream Turkana in Kenya.

David Shinn Former Ambassador to Ethiopia and to Burkina Faso Adjust Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington D.C.



Autorentext

Claudia Carr is Associate Professor Environmental Science, Policy and Management at the University of California, Berkeley, where she teaches courses related to international rural development policy. She has spent decades engaged in field-based research and consulting in pastoral regions of East Africa/the Horn, in combination with policy-based work in both African governmental and non-governmental contexts as well as Northern based ones, including the National Research Council's Board on Science and Technology in International Development and an Advisory Panel on river basin development. She is the author of a previous book on the Ethiopia-Kenya-South Sudan region, Pastoralism in Crisis The Dassanech of Southwest Ethiopia, along with several articles and reports.



Klappentext

This open access book can be downloaded from link.springer.com
This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigenous people. The volume traces the historical origins of Gibe III megadam construction along the Omo River in Ethiopia-in turn, enabling irrigation for commercial-scale agricultural development and causing radical reduction of downstream Omo and (Kenya's) Lake Turkana waters. Presenting case studies of indigenous Dasanech and northernmost Turkana livelihood systems and Gibe III linked impacts on them, the author predicts agropastoral and fishing economic collapse, region-wide hunger with exposure to disease epidemics, irreversible natural resource destruction and cross-border interethnic armed conflict spilling into South Sudan. The book identifies fundamental failings of government and development bank impact assessments, including their distortion or omission of mandated transboundary assessment, cumulative effects of the Gibe III dam and its linked Ethiopia-Kenya energy transmission 'highway' project, key hydrologic and human ecological characteristics, major earthquake threat in the dam region and widespread expropriation and political repression. Violations of internationally recognized human rights, especially by the Ethiopian government but also the Kenyan government, are extensive and on the increase-with collaboration by the development banks, in breach of their own internal operational procedures. A policy crossroads has now emerged. The author presents the alternative to the present looming catastrophe-consideration of development suspension in o



Inhalt

Chapter 1. At Stake with River Basin Development in Eastern Africa.- Chapter 2. The Persistent Paradigm for 'Modernizing' River Basins: Institutions and Policies in Ethiopia.- Chapter 3. The Seismic Threat to the Gibe III: A Disaster in Waiting.- Chapter 4. Transboundary Survival Systems: A Profile of Vulnerability.- Chapter 5. Components Of Catastrophe: Social And Environmental Consequences of Omo River Basin Development.- Chapter 6. The Rush to Rationalize: Public Policies and Impact Assessments.- Chapter 7. The Dassanech in the Lower Omo Basin: From Adaptation to Facing Devastation from 'Development'.- Chapter 8. Nyangatom Livelihood and the Omo Riverine Forest.- Chapter 9. Turkana Survival Systems at Lake Turkana: Vulnerability to Collapse from Omo Basin Development.- Chapter 10. Human Rights Violations and the Policy Crossroads.- Appendix A. Oil Exploration and Development in the Ethiopia-Kenya-South Sudan Transboundary Region; Joshua S. Dimon with Claudia Carr.- Appendix B. Species Collected in the Lowermost Omo Basin/Transboundary Region.- Appendix C. Reference set of Selected Major Figures.

Produktinformationen

Titel: River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa - A Policy Crossroads
Autor:
EAN: 9783319284781
ISBN: 978-3-319-28478-1
Format: Fester Einband
Genre: Geowissenschaften
Anzahl Seiten: 239
Gewicht: g
Größe: H20mm x B289mm x T216mm
Jahr: 2016
Auflage: 1st ed. 2017