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Chemicals via Higher Plant Bioengineering

  • Fester Einband
  • 292 Seiten
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Leseprobe
Food and raw material for its production was generally produced via the traditional agriculture. On the other hand, novel chemical... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Food and raw material for its production was generally produced via the traditional agriculture. On the other hand, novel chemicals were manufactured in the laboratory or extracted from plant and animal sources. However, as the world population is steadily in creasing, there is a decrease in traditional agriculture productivity and concerns are also expressed over the damage inflicted to the environment and restrictions that might be en forced in food production. At the same time, there is an increasing demand for high qual ity agricultural products as well as for food ingredients related to both the traditional or newly discovered nutrients or phytochemicals. Trends and developments,~n the area of plant biotechnology and bioengineering has allowed manipulation of genes' !lnd/or insertion of new genes, thus production of trans genic plants. Starting from the introduction of agronomic traits, particularly stress resis tance to diverse environmental factors, process and sensory characteristics, food quality and production of novel varieties of plant-based products through genetic engineering, biotechnology is changing the,;agriculture and the concept of production of plant-ba~~d raw materials. Increasing attention is being paid on research for production of plants !pat can provide a wide array of food and non-food products. Perhaps the first non-food pro,d uct that plant biotechnology would achieve is production of large scale custom-designed industrial oils, but the list of chemicals is long, ranging" from oils and specific triacyl glycerols to biopolymers, enzymes, blood components, amo~g others.

Zusammenfassung
Presents general strategies on how to approach the bioengineering of a plant for better properties by creating arsenals of various cloned genes for enzymes from plant algae, fungal, and bacterial sources. This volume includes topics on the manipulation of genes in plants, novel vaccines and therapeutic reagents, and improved nutritional quality.

Inhalt

Preface. 1. Chemicals in Higher Plants via Bioengineering: An Overview; F. Shahidi, P.P. Kolodzieczyk. 2. Recent progress in agricultural biotechnology and opportunities for contract research and development; P.P. Kolodziejczyk, P. Fedec. 3. Manipulation of plant oil composition for the production of valuable chemicals in progress, problems and prospects; D.J. Murphy. 4. Biosynthesis of Oricinoleate in castor oil; T.A. McKeon, et al. 5. Monoterpenes in essential oils: Biosynthesis and properties; H. Loza-Tavera. 6. Biochemical and molecular tools for the production of useful terpene products from pepper (Capsicum ammuum); E. Lozoya-Glona. 7. Towards the production of salt-tolerant crops; B.J. Barkla, et al. 8. Combinatorial chemistry and its applications in agriculture and food; D.W.S. Wong, G.H. Robertson. 9. Biological nitrogen fixation and future challenges of agriculture: The endophytic connection; F. Sanchez, et al. 10. Molecular strategies to improve the nutritional quality of legume proteins; B.O. deLumen, et al. 11. Molecular farming of industrial proteins from transgenic maize; G.E. Hood, et al. 12. Improvements in human health through production of human milk proteins in transgenic food plants; T. Arakawa, et al. 13. Plant-derived cholera toxin B subunit for vaccination and immunotolerization; T. Arakawa, et al. 14. Autoantigens produced in plants for oral tolerance therapy of automimmune disesases; S. Ma, A.M. Jevnikar. 15. Production of food related colorants by culture plant cells. The case of betalains; A. Jimenez-Aparicio, G. Gutierrez-Lopez. 16. Production or recombinant blood factors in transgenic plants; M. Theisen. 17. Recent progress in biotechnology of Mexican medicinal plants; M.L. Villarreal, et al. 18. Chemicals from roots, hairy roots and their application; B. Canto-Canch, V.M. Loyola-Vargas.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Chemicals via Higher Plant Bioengineering
Editor:
EAN: 9780306461170
ISBN: 030646117X
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer US
Anzahl Seiten: 292
Gewicht: 606g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T20mm
Jahr: 1999
Auflage: 1999

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