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Reading Development and Diffic

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 274 Seiten
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"Reading Development and Difficulties" is a comprehensive and balanced introduction to the development of the two core aspects of... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Klappentext "Reading Development and Difficulties" is a comprehensive and balanced introduction to the development of the two core aspects of reading: good word reading skills and the ability to extract the overall meaning of a text.Unique in its balanced coverage of both word reading and reading comprehension development, this book is an essential resource for undergraduates studying literacy acquisitionOffers wide coverage of the subject and discusses both typical development and the development of difficulties in readingAccessibly written for students and professionals with no previous background in reading development or reading difficultiesProvides a detailed examination of the specific problems that underlie reading difficulties Zusammenfassung Reading is a complex activity that involves a range of skills in order to access meaning via the printed word. Reading Development and Difficulties demonstrates that there are two aspects to a child becoming a skilled reader: the development of good word reading skills and the ability to extract the overall meaning of a text.

Autorentext

Kate Cain D.Phil., is a Reader in the Department of Psychology at Lancaster University. Her research focuses on the development of language comprehension in children and she has a particular interest in the cognitive and language-related skill deficits that lead to comprehension problems. To date, she has published widely on language and reading development in journals such as Journal of Educational Psychology, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, and Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, and has written 15 book chapters and co-edited Children's Comprehension Problems in Oral and Written Language: a Cognitive Perspective (with Jane Oakhill, 2007). She is Associate Editor for the International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders and the Journal of Research in Reading.



Zusammenfassung
Reading is a complex activity that involves a range of skills in order to access meaning via the printed word. Reading Development and Difficulties demonstrates that there are two aspects to a child becoming a skilled reader: the development of good word reading skills and the ability to extract the overall meaning of a text.

Inhalt

SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION..Chapter 1. Introduction to the study of reading (KC/YMG).The first chapter introduces some of the issues central to the study of reading. We begin by looking at different writing systems and the basic features of print and speech to identify the cognitive skills and processes necessary for reading to take place. We also present a summary of the different processing stages involved in reading, from the processing of the visual stimulus on the page to the construction of a meaning-based representation of a text's meaning. Reading is a complex skill: Top-down as well as bottom-up processes are important and the skills and knowledge that are crucial to different stages in the processing chain influence each other. We highlight these. In addition, we discuss the different methodologies that have been used to address different research questions, e.g. cross-sectional and language-age match designs, longitudinal and intervention studies, and the in-depth analysis of the strengths and weakness of individual readers through case studies..Chapter 2. Skilled reading (KC/YMG).To be a skilled reader, a child needs to be able to do two things: They must be able to decode the individual words on the page and they must be able to comprehend the text. Skilled readers process words quickly and effortlessly. We will present models of skilled word reading to illustrate the range of skills and processes that must be acquired to achieve fluent and accurate word reading. Text comprehension is a complex skill, but what does it mean to comprehend and what skills are involved? We will review current models of text processing to demonstrate the skills that are involved in constructing meaning from sentences and texts...SECTION 2: READING DEVELOPMENT.Chapter 3. Word reading development (YMG).This chapter will focus upon the development of reading-related foundation skills and knowledge important for the normal acquisition of early word reading skill, namely letter knowledge, phonological awareness and word decoding skill. Evidence from various research designs used in developmental psychology will be considered, including cross-sectional, longitudinal and training studies. The chapter will also consider how strengths and weaknesses in other language and cognitive skills, such as semantic knowledge, verbal short- term memory and word retrieval, may support or limit the ease with which a child is able to learn to read. .Chapter 4. Comprehension development (KC).This chapter focuses on the development of the skills that enable the reader to understand what they read. We consider a range of reading-related skills that might limit the development of effective and efficient text comprehension and address questions such as the following: What is the role of fast and efficient word reading skills? How does vocabulary knowledge limit young readers' ability to comprehend a text? Why might story structure knowledge influence comprehension? Why is it important to make connections between different parts of a text, and also between the text and prior knowledge? At what age are children able to assess whether they have understood a story? The chapter draws on recently published longitudinal work by the author and other research groups in this field showing how the foundation skills for reading comprehension develop, and how other language skills and memory skills facilitate growth in reading comprehension...SECTION THREE: DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS OF READING.Chapter 5. Developmental dyslexia (YMG).Developmental dyslexia is a disorder of written and spoken language, primarily constraining the development of reading and spelling, now known to have a biological basis. It is one of the most common specific learning difficulties identified in the classroom. We begin with a discussion of definitions of dyslexia and the nature of the reading problems in dyslexia across the lifespan. Individual differences in the patterns of reading behaviour in dyslexia and in the cognitive profile of strengths and weaknesses will be examined, drawing upon th

Produktinformationen

Titel: Reading Development and Diffic
Untertitel: An Introduction
Autor:
EAN: 9781405151559
ISBN: 1405151552
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Anzahl Seiten: 274
Gewicht: 496g
Größe: H246mm x B189mm x T14mm
Jahr: 2010

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