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Conservation Biology.Top Predators in Marine Ecosystems: Their Role in Monitoring and Management

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 392 Seiten
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An examination of how studying marine predators can identify changes in and help manage marine ecosystems. Ian Boyd is Director of... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

An examination of how studying marine predators can identify changes in and help manage marine ecosystems.

Autorentext

Ian Boyd is Director of the Sea Mammal Research Unit at the University of St Andrews. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and a recipient of the Bruce Medal of the Zoological Society of London for his scientific studies in Antarctica. Sarah Wanless of the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, works on long term studies of bird populations. C. J. Camphuysen's current research interests include foraging ecology, mortality and distribution patterns of seabirds in the Atlantic Ocean and in the North Sea, the impacts of fishing on marine birds and the spatial distribution and temporal trends in abundance of cetaceans in the North Sea.

Klappentext

Through studying the behaviour and populations of predators in the marine environment, changes in the marine ecosystem can be monitored. As these predators often exploit the same marine resources as fisheries, they can be affected by other human influences on the marine environment and therefore can act as indicators of the impact of man on marine environments. This book examines the current understanding of marine predator ecology and investigates how this information can be used in marine management scenarios.

Zusammenfassung
Seals, seabirds, whales and dolphins are at the top of marine food chains: studying their ecology can help identify and monitor changes in wider marine ecosystems. This book examines our current understanding of marine predator ecology and investigates how it can be used in management and conservation of marine habitats.

Inhalt

Preface; 1. Introduction I. L. Boyd, S. Wanless and C. J. Campheysen; 2. Effects of fisheries on ecosystems: just another top predator Andrew W. Trites, Villy Christensen and Daniel Pauly; 3. Physical forcing in the southwest Atlantic: ecosystem control P. N. Trathan, E. J. Murphy, J. Forcada, J. P. Croxall, K. Reid and S. E. Thorpe; 4. The use of biologically meaningful oceanographic indices to separate the effects of climate and fisheries on seabird breeding success B. E. Scott, J. Sharples, S. Wanless, O. Ross, M. Frederiksen and F. Daunt; 5. Linking predator foraging behaviour and diet with variability in continental shelf ecosystems: grey seals of eastern Canada W. D. Bowen, C. A. Beck, S. J. Iverson, D. Austin, and J. I. McMillan; 6. Distribution and foraging interactions of seabirds and marine mammals in the North Sea: multi-species foraging assemblages and habitat-specific feeding strategies. C. J. Camphuysen, Beth Scott and Sarah Wanless; 7. Spatial and temporal variation in the diets of polar bears across the Canadian Arctic: indicators of changes in prey populations and environment Sara J. Iverson, Ian Stirling, and Shelley L. C. Lang; 8. Biophysical influences on seabird trophic assessments W. A. Montevecchi, S. Garthe and G. K. Davoren; 9. Consequences of prey distribution for the foraging behaviour of top predators Iain J Staniland, Phil Trathan and Anthony R. Martin; 10. Identifying drivers of change; did fisheries play a role in the spread of North Atlantic fulmars Paul M. Thompson; 11. Monitoring predator-prey interactions using multiple predator species: the South Georgia experience J. P. Croxall; 12. Impacts of oceanography on the foraging dynamics of seabirds in the North Sea F. Daunt, S. Wanless, G. Peters, S. Benvenuti, J. Sharples, D. Gr llet and B. Scott; 13. Foraging energetics of North Sea birds confronted with fluctuating prey availability M. R. Enstipp, F. Daunt, S. Wanless, E. M. Humphreys, K. C. Hamer, S. Benvenuti and D. Gr llet; 14. How many fish should we leave in the sea for seabirds and marine mammals Robert W. Furness; 15. Does the prohibition of industrial fishing for sandeels have any impact on local gadoid populations Simon P. R. Greenstreet; 16. Use of gannets to monitor prey availability in the NE Atlantic Ocean: colony size, diet and foraging behaviour Keith C. Hamer, Sue Lewis, Sarah Wanless, Richard A. Phillips, Tom N. Sherratt, Elizabeth M. Humphreys, Janos Hennicke and Stefan Garthe; 17. Population dynamics of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba at South Georgia - sampling with predators provides new insights K. Reid, E. J. Murphy, J. P. Croxall and P. N. Trathan; 18. The functional response of generalist predators and its implications for the monitoring of marine ecosystems Christian Asseburg, John Harwood, Jason Matthiopoulos and Sophie Smout; 19. The method of multiple hypotheses and the decline of Steller Sea Lions in western Alaska Nicholas Wolf, Jason Melbourne and Marc Mangel; 20. Modelling the behaviour of individuals and groups of animals foraging in heterogeneous environments J. G. Ollason, J. M. Yearsley, K. Liu and N. Ren; 21. The scenario Barents Sea study: a case of minimal realistic modelling to compare management strategies for marine ecosystems Tore Schweder; 22. Setting management goals using information from predators Andrew J. Constable; 23. Marine reserves and higher predators Sascha K. Hooker; 24. Marine management: can objectives be set for marine top predators Mark L. Tasker.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Conservation Biology.Top Predators in Marine Ecosystems: Their Role in Monitoring and Management
Untertitel: Their Role in Monitoring and Management
Autor:
Editor:
EAN: 9780521612562
ISBN: 978-0-521-61256-2
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Cambridge University Press
Genre: Betriebswirtschaft
Anzahl Seiten: 392
Gewicht: 630g
Größe: H228mm x B153mm x T18mm
Jahr: 2006

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