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Reprint and Circular Series of the National Research Council, Vol. 7

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 22 Seiten
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Excerpt from Reprint and Circular Series of the National Research Council, Vol. 7: The Larger Opportunities for Research on the R... Weiterlesen
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Excerpt from Reprint and Circular Series of the National Research Council, Vol. 7: The Larger Opportunities for Research on the Relations of Solar and Terrestrial Radiation It would promote the proposed solar investigation if there could be devised autographic recording instruments for determining the exact value of the cloudiness at all times of the day when the sun is above the horizon. Hitherto measurements of cloudiness have been made at comparatively few stations, and as they depend upon personal estimates of observers who arc apt to overlook wisps of cirrus clouds especially dangerous for solar radiation work, and as they are usually taken only two or three times in the day, they arc quite inadequate to enable the investigator interested in establishing solar radiation stations to select the regions of the earth best meeting his requirements of cloudlessness. It would, therefore, be a very valuable investigation if some suitable autographic method of measuring cloudiness could be devised simple enough to be employed at numerous stations reported to be cloudless. The whole subject of the cloudiness of the earth is very important. Recent measurements of Aldrich show that a cloud surface reflects about 78% of the solar radiation incident upon it. As the cloudiness of the earth is reputed to be about 50%, it is obvious what a large part clouds play in determining the temperature. They are effective not only in cutting off incoming radiation from the sun but also outgoing radiation from the earth. If the simple autographic apparatus above mentioned were available, it should be employed at numerous stations in all parts of the world and if possible on the ocean. The measurement of solar radiation at several stations on the earth's surface by means of the pyrheliometer has occupied observers in many countries. Several series of observations have been carried on for many years by the U. S. Weather Bureau, and arc published in excellent form in the Monthly Weather Review. Many copies of the Angstrom pyrheliometer and of the Smithsonian silver disc pyrheliometer, whose constants are both so well known as to form together a homogeneous system of pyrheliometry, have been sent out to many quarters of the world. Only a few series of regular observations are at the present time being conducted with them, and it is greatly to be hoped that a large number of such series may be conducted regularly in the future. The method of reducing the results and publishing them can hardly be improved over that which is followed by the United States Weather Bureaurand that may well be taken as a model. The study of the outgoing radiation from the earth has lately been carried on by several observers, notably by Mr. Fowle, who has investigated the effects of water vapor in long atmospheric columns in diminishing the rays of long wave-length such as the earth sends out. His investigations extend only to a wave-length of 17 microns Because no suitable optical media transparent to waves of longer wave-length are available. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Reprint and Circular Series of the National Research Council, Vol. 7
Untertitel: The Larger Opportunities for Research on the Relations of Solar and Terrestrial Radiation (Classic Reprint)
Autor:
EAN: 9781332149445
ISBN: 1332149448
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Anzahl Seiten: 22
Gewicht: 46g
Größe: H229mm x B152mm x T1mm
Jahr: 2015

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