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Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

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BRIAN H. DAVISON Oak Ridge National Laboratory MARK FINKELSTEIN National Renewable Energy Laboratory CHARLES E. WYMAN Oak Ridge Na... Weiterlesen
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BRIAN H. DAVISON Oak Ridge National Laboratory MARK FINKELSTEIN National Renewable Energy Laboratory CHARLES E. WYMAN Oak Ridge National Laboratory The Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemi cals continues to provide a forum for the presentation of research results and the exchange of ideas on advances in biotechnology for the produc tion of fuels and chemicals. Although the emphasis is on utilization of renewable resources, the scope of the Symposium is broader than this and includes bioconversion of fossil fuels and syngas and the new area of conversions in nonaqueous environments; these areas were discussed in Session 5 and in a Special Topic Discussion Group at the Symposium. In addition, recent developments in bioremediation were well represented in Session 6 and in the poster session. The Symposium involved both the development of new biological agents (such as enzymes or microbes) to carry out targeted conversions as well as bioprocess development. The first area covered improvements in enzymes as well as fundamental insights into substrate-enzyme inter actions and photosynthesis. The latter area focused on converting one material into another using biological agents through combinations of chemical engineering, biological sciences, and fermentation technology. This area also refers to an overall processing involving at least one bio logically catalyzed step in combination with other physical and/ or chemi cal processing operations. Agricultural crops, such as corn and corn fiber as well as woody biomass and lignocellulosic wastes, are emphasized for process feedstocks and their pretreatment investigated.


In Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, based on the 18th Symposium, held in Gatlinburg, TN, May 5-9, 1996, leading researchers from academia, industry, and government present state-of-the-art research results and promising new concepts on the use of biotechnology to produce fuels and chemicals competitively. The Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals covers the development of new biological agents (such as enzymes or microbes) to carry out targeted conversions, in addition to actual bioprocess development. Topics range from improvements in enzymes to fundamental insights into substrate-enzyme interactions and photosynthesis, and from conversions of substrates using biological agents to combinations of chemical engineering, biological sciences, and fermentation technology. Agricultural crops, such as corn and corn fiber, as well as woody biomass and lignocellulosic wastes, are investigated for use in process feedstocks, including pretreatment studies. Also treated are a variety of potential bioconversion products, including fumaric acid, succinic acid, methane, enzymes, glucuronic acid, and biodiesel fuel.


Introduction to the Proceedings of the Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, Brian H. Davison, Charles E. Wyman, and Mark Finkelstein. Session 1: Thermal, Chemical, and Biological Processing. Introduction to Session 1, Mark T. Holtzapple and Robert Torget. Lime Pretreatment of Switchgrass, Vincent S. Chang, Barry Burr, and Mark T. Holtzapple. Ammonia Recycled Percolation as a Complementary Pretreatment to the Dilute-Acid Process, Zhangwen Wu and Y. Y. Lee. Preliminary Study of the Pyrolysis of Steam Classified Municipal Solid Waste, John M. Sebghati and Michael H. Eley. Two-Phase Model of Hydrolysis Kinetics and Its Applications to Anaerobic Degradation of Particulate Organic Matter, Vasily A. Vavilin, Sergei V. Rytov, and Ljudmila Ya. Lokshina. Preprocessed Barley, Rye, and Triticale as a Feedstock for an Integrated Fuel Ethanol-Feedlot Plant, Krystyna Sosulski, Sunmin Wang, W. M. Ingledew, Frank W. Sosulski, and Juming Tang. Session 2: Biological Research. Introduction to Session 2, Valerie Sarisky-Reed and Jonathan Woodward. A Stable Lipase from Candida lipolytica: Cultivation Conditions and Crude Enzyme Characteristics, Fatima Ventura Pereira-Meirelles, Maria Helena Miguez Rocha-Leão, and Geraldo Lippel Sant' Anna, Jr. Glucoamylase Isoenzymes Tailoring Through Medium Composition, José G. Silva, Jr., Hilton J. Nascimento, Valíria F. Soares, and Elba P. S. Bon. Regulation of Phosphotransferases in Glucose- and Xylose-Fermenting Yeasts, Vina W. Yang and Thomas W. Jeffries. Diminished Respirative Growth and Enhanced Assimilative Sugar Uptake Result in Higher Specific Fermentation Rates by the Mutant Pichia stipitis FPL-061, Hassan K. Sreenath and Thomas W. Jeffries. Production of Xylitol from D-Xylose by Debaryomyces hansenii, Jose M. Dominguez, Cheng S. Gong, and George T. Tsao. Production of 2,3-Butanediol from Pretreated Corn Cob by Klebsiella oxytoca in the Presence of Fungal Cellulase, Ningjun Cao, Youkun Xia, Cheng S. Gong, and George T. Tsao. Oxygen Sensitivity of Algal H2-Production, Maria L. Ghirardi, Robert K. Togasaki, and Michael Seibert. Expression of Ascaris suum Malic Enzyme in a Mutant Escherichia coli Allows Production of Succinic Acid from Glucose, Lucy Stols, Gopal Kulkarni, Ben G. Harris, and Mark I. Donnelly. Reaction Engineering Aspects of a-1,4-D-Glucan Phosphorylase Catalysis: Comparison of Plant and Bacterial Enzymes for the Continuous Synthesis of D-Glucose-1-Phosphate, Bernd Nidetzky, Richard Griessler, Andreas Weinhäusel, Dietmar Haltrich, and Klaus D. Kulbe. Simultaneous Enzymatic Synthesis of Gluconic Acid and Sorbitol: Production, Purification, and Application of Glucose-Fructose Oxidoreductase and Gluconolactonase, Bernd Nidetzky, Monika Fürlinger, Dorothee Gollhofer, Iris Haug, Dietmar Haltrich, and Klaus D. Kulbe. Production of Hemicellulose- and Cellulose-Degrading Enzymes by Various Strains of Sclerotium Rolfsii, Alois Sachslehner, Dietmar Haltrich, Bernd Nidetzky, and Klaus D. Kulbe. Asparaginase II of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: GLN3/URE2 Regulation of a Periplasmic Enzyme, Elba P.S. Bon, Elvira Carvajal, Mike Stanbrough, Donald Rowen, and Boris Magasanik. Production of a-Terpineol from Escherichia coli Cells Expressing Thermostable Limonene Hydratase, Natarajan Savithiry, Tae Kyou Cheong, and Patrick Oriel. Fermentation of Biomass-Derived Glucuronic Acid by pet Expressing Recombinants of E. coli B, Hugh G. Lawford and Joyce D. Rousseau. Enhanced Cofermentation of Glucose and Xylose by Recombinant Saccharomyces Yeast Strains in Batch and Continuous Operating Modes, Susan T. Toon, George P. Philippidis, Nancy W. Y. Ho, ZhengDao Chen, Adam Brainard, Robert E. Lumpkin, and Cynthia J. Riley. Stabilization and Reutilization of Bacillus megaterium Glucose Dehydrogenase by Immobilization, Madalena Baron, José D. Fontana, Manoel F. Guimarães, and Jonathan Woodward. Optimization of Seed Production for a Simultaneous Saccharification Cofermentation Biomass-to-Ethanol Process Using Recombinant Zymomonas, Hugh G. Lawford, Joyce D. Rousseau, and James D. McMillan. Corn Steep Liquor as a Cost-Effective Nutrition Adjunct in High-Performance Zymomonas Ethanol Fermentations, Hugh G. Lawford and Joyce D. Rousseau. Astaxanthinogenesis in the Yeast Phaffia rhodozyma: Optimization of Low-Cost Culture Media and Yeast Cell-Wall Lysis, José D. Fontana, Miriam B. Chocial, Madalena Baron, Manoel F. Guimaraes, Marcelo Maraschin, Cirano Ulhoa, Jose A. Florêncio, and Tania M. B. Bonfim. Polysaccharide Hydrolase Folds Diversity of Structure and Convergence of Function, Michael E. Himmel, P. Andrew Karplus, Joshua Sakon, William S. Adney, John O. Baker, and Steven R. Thomas. Acetobacter Cellulosic Biofilms Search for New Modulators of Cellulogenesis and Native Mambrane Treatments, José D. Fontana, Cassandra G. Joerke, Madalena Baron, Marcelo Maraschin, Antonio G. Ferreira, Iris Torriani, A. M. Souza, Marisa B. Soares, Milene A. Fontana, and Manoel F. Guimaraes. Experimental Data Analysis: An Algorithm for Determining Rates and Smoothing Data, K. Thomas Klasson. Session 3: Bioprocessing Research. Introduction to Session 3, Robert R. Dorsch and Christos Hatzis. Cellulase Production Based on Hemicellulose Hydrolysate from Steam-Pretreated Willow, Zsolt Szengyel, Guido Zacchi, and Kati Réczey. Effect of Impeller Geometry on Gas-Liquid Mass Transfer Coefficients in Filamentous Suspensions, Sundeep N. Dronawat, C. Kurt Svihla, and Thomas R. Hanley. Measurement of the Steady-State Shear Characteristics of Filamentous Suspensions Using Turbine, Vane, and Helical Impellers, C. Kurt Svihla, Sundeep N. Dronawat, Jennifer A. Donnelly, Thomas C. Rieth, and Thomas R. Hanley. Production of Fumaric Acid by Immobilized Rhizopus Using Rotary Biofilm Contactor, Ningjun Cao, Jianxin Du, Cheeshan S. Chen, Cheng S. Gong, and George T. Tsao. The Effect of Pectinase on the Bubble Fractionation of Invertase from a-Amylase, Veara Loha, Robert D. Tanner, and Ales Prokop. Lipase Production by Penicillium restrictum in a Bench-Scale Fermenter: Effect of Carbon and Nitrogen Nutrition, Agitation, and Aeration, Denise M. Friere, Elaine M. F. Teles, Elba P. S. Bon, and Geraldo Lippel Sant'Anna, Jr. Potassium Acetate by Fermentation with Clostridium thermoaceticum, Minish M. Shah, Fola Akanbi, and Munir Cheryan. Membrane-Mediated Extractive Fermentation for Lactic Acid Production from Cellulosic Biomass, Rongfu Chen and Y. Y. Lee. Enzyme-Supported Oil Extraction from Jatropha curcas Seeds, Elisabeth Winkler, Nikolaus Foidl, Georg M. Gübitz, Ruth Staubmann, and Walter Steiner. Biogas Production from Jatropha curcas Press-Cake, Ruth Staubmann, Gabriele Foidl, Nikolaus Foidl, Georg M. Gübitz, Robert M. Lafferty, Victoria M. Valencia Arbizu, and Walter Steiner. Evaluation of PTMSP Membranes in Achieving Enhanced Ethanol Removal from Fermentations by Pervaporation, Sherry L. Schmidt, Michele D. Myers, Stephen S. Kelley, James D. McMillan, and Nandan Padukone. Performance of Coimmobilized Yeast and Amyloglucosidase in a Fluidized Bed Reactor for Fuel Ethanol Production, May Y. Sun, Paul R. Bienkowski, Brian H. Davison, Merry A. Spurrier, and Oren F. Webb. A Mathematical Model of Ethanol Fermentation from Cheese Whey: I: Model Development and Parameter Estimation, Chen-Jen Wang and Rakesh K. Bajpai. A Mathematical Model of Ethanol Fermentation from Cheese Whey: II: Simulation and Comparison with Experimental Data, Chen-Jen Wang and Rakesh K. Bajpai. Modeling Fixed and Fluidized Reactors for Cassava Starch Saccharification with Immobilized Enzyme, Gisella M. Zanin and Flávio F. De Moraes. Fumaric Acid Production in Airlift Loop Reactor with Porous Sparger, Jianxin Du, Ningjun Cao, Cheng S. Gong, George T. Tsao, and Naiju Yuan. Maximizing the Xylitol Production from Sugar Cane Bagasse Hydrolysate by Controlling the Aeration Rate, Silvio S. Silva, João D. Ribeiro, Maria G. A. Felipe, and Michele Vitolo. Production of Succinic Acid by Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens, Nhuan P. Nghiem, Brian H. Davison, Bruce E. Suttle, and Gerald R. Richardson. Spiral Tubular Bioreactors for Hydrogen Production by Photosynthetic Microorganisms: Design and Operation, Sergei A. Markov, Paul F. Weaver, and Michael Seibert. Use of a New Membrane-Reactor Saccharification Assay to Evaluate the Performance of Cellulases Under Simulated SSF Conditions: Effect on Enzyme Quality of Growing Trichoderma reesei in the Presence of Targeted Lignocellulosic Substrate, John O. Baker, Todd B. Vinzant, Christine I. Ehrman, William S. Adney, and Michael E. Himmel. Session 4: Industrial Needs for Commercialization. Introduction to Section 4, Dale Monceaux and James L. Gaddy. Net Present Value Analysis to Select Public R&D Programs and Valuate Expected Private Sector Participation, Norman D. Hinman and Mark A. Yancey. A Review of Techno-Economic Modeling Methodology for a Wood-to-Ethanol Process, David J. Gregg and John N. Saddler. Session 5: Emerging Topics in Industrial Biotechnology. Introduction to Section 5, Bruce E. Dale and Eric N. Kaufman. Coupling of Waste Water Treatment with Storage Polymer Production, H. Chua, P. H. F. Yu, and L. Y. Ho. Effect of Surfactants on Carbon Monoxide Fermentations by Butyribacterium methylotrophicum, M. D. Bredwell, M. D. Telgenhoff, S. Barnard, and R. M. Worden. Principles for Efficient Utilization of Light for Mass Production of Photoautotrophic Microorganisms, Amos Richmond and Hu Qiang. An Optical Resolution of Racemic Organophosphorous Esters by Phosphotriesterase-Catalyzing Hydrolysis, Shokichi Ohuchi, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Mitsuaki Narita, and Koji Sode. Session 6: Environmental Biotechnology. Introduction to Session 6, Mary J. Beck and Joni M. Barnes. Hydrodynamic Characteristics in Aerobic Biofilm Reactor Treating High-Strength Trade Effluent, H. Chua and P. H. F. Yu. A Biological Process for the Reclamation of Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Using Mixed Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria with Inexpensive Carbon Sources, Eric N. Kaufman, Mark H. Little, and Punjai T. Selvaraj. A Preliminary Cost Analysis of the Biotreatment of Refinery Spent-Sulfidic Caustic, Kerry L. Sublette. The Degradation of l-Tyrosine to Phenol and Benzoate in Pig Manure: The Role of 4-Hydroxy-Benzoate, P. Antoine, X. Taillieu, and P. Thonart. The Potential for Intrinsic Bioremediation of BTEX Hydrocarbons in Soil/Ground Water Contaminated with Gas Condensate, Abhijeet P. Borole, Kerry L. Sublette, Kevin T. Raterman, Minoo Javanmardian, and J. Berton Fisher. Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions by Immobilized Phytic Acid, George T. Tsao, Yizhou Zheng, Jean Lu, and Cheng S. Gong. Observations of Metabolite Formation and Variable Yield in Thiodiglycol Biodegradation Process: Impact on Reactor Design, Tsu-Shun Lee, William A. Weigand, and William E. Bentley. Pilot-Scale Bioremediation of PAH-Contaminated Soils, S. P. Pradhan, J. R. Paterek, B. Y. Liu, J. R. Conrad, and V. J. Srivastava. Relating Ground Water and Sediment Chemistry to Microbial Characterization at a BTEX-Contaminated Site, S. M. Pfiffner, A. V. Palumbo, T. Gibson, D. B. Ringelberg, and J. F. McCarthy. Retaining and Recovering Enzyme Activity During Degradation of TCE by Methanotrophs, A. V. Palumbo, J. M. Strong-Gunderson, and S. Carroll. Spatial and Temporal Variations of Microbial Properties at Different Scales in Shallow Subsurface Sediments, Chuanlun Zhang, Richard M. Lehman, Susan M. Pfiffner, Shirley P. Scarborough, Anthony V. Palumbo, Tommy J. Phelps, John J. Beauchamp, and Frederick S. Colwell. Development of a Membrane-Based Vapor-Phase Bioreactor, Nathalie Rouhana, Naresh Handagama, and Paul R. Bienkowski. Intrinsic Bioremediation of Gas Condensate Hydrocarbons: Results of Over Two Years of Ground Water and Soil Core Analysis and Monitoring, Kerry L. Sublette, Ravindra V. Kolhatkar, Abhijeet Borole, Kevin T. Raterman, Gary L. Trent, Minoo Javanmardian, and J. Berton Fisher. Effects of a Nutrient-Surfactant Compound on Solubilization Rates of TCE, M. T. Gillespie and J. M. Strong-Gunderson. Porphyrin-Catalyzed Oxidation of Trichlorophenol, Saleem Hasan and Kerry L. Sublette. Bacterial Reduction of Chromium, Eric A. Schmieman, James N. Peterson, David R. Yonge, Donald L. Johnstone, Yared Bereded-Samuel, William A. Apel, and Charles E. Turick. Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Indigenous Mixed and Pure Cultures Isolated from Coastal Sediments, Mahasin G. Tadros and Joseph B. Hughes. Reduction of Cr(6+) to Cr(3+) in a Packed-Bed Bioreactor, Charles E. Turick, Carl E. Camp, and William A. Apel. Managed Bioremediation of Soil Contaminated with Crude Oil: Soil Chemistry and Microbial Ecology Three Years Later, Kathleen Duncan, Estelle Levetin, Harrington Wells, Eleanor Jennings, Susan Hettenbach, Scott Bailey, Kevin Lawlor, Kerry Sublette, and J. Berton Fisher. Index.


Titel: Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals
Untertitel: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held May 5-9, 1996, at Gatlinburg, Tennessee
EAN: 9781461274971
ISBN: 1461274974
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Humana Press
Anzahl Seiten: 916
Gewicht: 1685g
Größe: H254mm x B178mm x T48mm
Jahr: 2011
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997