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Applied Atmospheric Dynamics

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The weather can be a cause of disruption, despair and even danger everywhere around the world at one time or another. Even when b... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Klappentext The weather can be a cause of disruption, despair and even danger everywhere around the world at one time or another. Even when benign it is a source of constant fascination. Applied Atmospheric Dynamics connects this interest with the theoretic underpinnings of fluid dynamics; linking real physical events as diverse as Hurricane Katrina and the strong katabatic winds of Antarctica, with quantitative conceptual models of atmospheric behaviour.Assuming only basic calculus the book provides a physical basis for understanding atmospheric motions around the globe as well as detailing the advances that have led to a greater understanding of weather and climate.The accompanying supplementary cd-rom features colour graphics, maps, databases, animations, project materials, as well as weather data tips.* covers the standard theoretical principles of atmospheric dynamics and applies the theory to global real world examples;* assumes only non-vector based calculus;* features supplementary cd-rom with electronic versions of all figures, case study data and possible term projects;* an invaluable text for students of Meteorology, Atmospheric Science, Geography and Environmental Science. Zusammenfassung Applied Atmospheric Dynamics is strongly driven by descriptions of real world phenomena and ways in which these can be simplified. Part 1! Anatomy of a Cyclone! consists of 9 chapters that cover the fundamental theory of atmospheric dynamics! and comprise the bulk of any single semester course. Inhaltsverzeichnis PART I: ANATOMY OF A CYCLONE.CHAPTER 1 ANATOMY OF A CYCLONE.1.1 A "TYPICAL" EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONE.1.2 DESCRIBING THE ATMOSPHERE.1.3 AIR MASSES AND FRONTS.1.4 THE STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONE.1.5 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 2 MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN FLUID DYNAMICS.2.1 SCALARS AND VECTORS.2.2 THE ALGEBRA OF VECTORS.2.3 SCALAR AND VECTOR FIELDS.2.4 COORDINATE SYSTEMS ON THE EARTH.2.5 GRADIENTS OF VECTORS.2.6 LINE AND SURFACE INTEGRALS.2.7 EULERIAN AND LAGRANGIAN FRAMES OF REFERENCE.2.8 ADVECTION.2.9 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 3 PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS.3.1 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS AND GASES.3.2 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF AIR.3.3 COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE.3.4 STATIC STABILITY.3.5 THE CONTINUUM HYPOTHESIS.3.6 PRACTICAL ASSUMPTIONS.3.7 CONTINUITY EQUATION.3.8 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 4 FUNDAMENTAL FORCES.4.1 NEWTON'S SECOND LAW: F=MA.4.2 BODY, SURFACE AND LINE FORCES.4.3 FORCES IN AN INERTIAL REFERENCE FRAME.4.4 FORCES IN A ROTATING REFERENCE FRAME.4.5 THE NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION.4.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 5 SCALE ANALYSIS.5.1 DIMENSIONAL HOMOGENEITY.5.2 SCALES.5.3 NON-DIMENSIONAL PARAMETERS.5.4 SCALE ANALYSIS.5.5 THE GEOSTROPHIC APPROXIMATION.5.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 6 SIMPLE STEADY MOTION.6.1 NATURAL COORDINATE SYSTEM.6.2 BALANCED FLOW.6.3 THE BOUSSINESQ APPROXIMATION.6.4 THE THERMAL WIND.6.5 DEPARTURES FROM BALANCE.6.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 7 CIRCULATION AND VORTICITY.7.1 CIRCULATION.7.2 VORTICITY.7.3 CONSERVATION OF POTENTIAL VORTICITY.7.4 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE VORTICITY EQUATION.7.5 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 8 SIMPLE WAVE MOTIONS.8.1 PROPERTIES OF WAVES.8.2 PERTURBATION ANALYSIS.8.3 PLANETARY WAVES.8.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 9 EXTRA-TROPICAL WEATHER SYSTEMS.9.1 FRONTS.9.2 FRONTAL CYCLONES.9.3 BAROCLINIC INSTABILITY.9.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS.PART II: ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA.CHAPTER 10 BOUNDARY LAYERS.10.1 TURBULENCE.10.2 REYNOLDS DECOMPOSITION.10.3 GENERATION OF TURBULENCE.10.4 CLOSURE ASSUMPTIONS.10.5 PROBLEM SET.CHAPTER 11 CLOUDS AND SEVERE WEATHER.11.1 MOIST PROCESSES IN THE ATMOSPHERE.11.2 AIR MASS THUNDERSTORMS.11.3 MULTI-CELL THUNDERSTORMS.11.4 SUPERCELL THUNDERSTORMS AND TORNADOES.11.5 MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE SYSTEMS.11.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS.CHAPTER 12 TROPICAL WEATHER.12.1 SCALES OF MOTION.12.2 ATMOSPHERIC OSCILL...

Inhalt
PART I: ANATOMY OF A CYCLONE. CHAPTER 1 ANATOMY OF A CYCLONE. 1.1 A "TYPICAL" EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONE. 1.2 DESCRIBING THE ATMOSPHERE. 1.3 AIR MASSES AND FRONTS. 1.4 THE STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONE. 1.5 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 2 MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN FLUID DYNAMICS. 2.1 SCALARS AND VECTORS. 2.2 THE ALGEBRA OF VECTORS. 2.3 SCALAR AND VECTOR FIELDS. 2.4 COORDINATE SYSTEMS ON THE EARTH. 2.5 GRADIENTS OF VECTORS. 2.6 LINE AND SURFACE INTEGRALS. 2.7 EULERIAN AND LAGRANGIAN FRAMES OF REFERENCE. 2.8 ADVECTION. 2.9 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 3 PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS. 3.1 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS AND GASES. 3.2 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF AIR. 3.3 COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE. 3.4 STATIC STABILITY. 3.5 THE CONTINUUM HYPOTHESIS. 3.6 PRACTICAL ASSUMPTIONS. 3.7 CONTINUITY EQUATION. 3.8 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 4 FUNDAMENTAL FORCES. 4.1 NEWTON'S SECOND LAW: F=MA. 4.2 BODY, SURFACE AND LINE FORCES. 4.3 FORCES IN AN INERTIAL REFERENCE FRAME. 4.4 FORCES IN A ROTATING REFERENCE FRAME. 4.5 THE NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION. 4.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 5 SCALE ANALYSIS. 5.1 DIMENSIONAL HOMOGENEITY. 5.2 SCALES. 5.3 NON-DIMENSIONAL PARAMETERS. 5.4 SCALE ANALYSIS. 5.5 THE GEOSTROPHIC APPROXIMATION. 5.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 6 SIMPLE STEADY MOTION. 6.1 NATURAL COORDINATE SYSTEM. 6.2 BALANCED FLOW. 6.3 THE BOUSSINESQ APPROXIMATION. 6.4 THE THERMAL WIND. 6.5 DEPARTURES FROM BALANCE. 6.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 7 CIRCULATION AND VORTICITY. 7.1 CIRCULATION. 7.2 VORTICITY. 7.3 CONSERVATION OF POTENTIAL VORTICITY. 7.4 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE VORTICITY EQUATION. 7.5 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 8 SIMPLE WAVE MOTIONS. 8.1 PROPERTIES OF WAVES. 8.2 PERTURBATION ANALYSIS. 8.3 PLANETARY WAVES. 8.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 9 EXTRA-TROPICAL WEATHER SYSTEMS. 9.1 FRONTS. 9.2 FRONTAL CYCLONES. 9.3 BAROCLINIC INSTABILITY. 9.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS. PART II: ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA. CHAPTER 10 BOUNDARY LAYERS. 10.1 TURBULENCE. 10.2 REYNOLDS DECOMPOSITION. 10.3 GENERATION OF TURBULENCE. 10.4 CLOSURE ASSUMPTIONS. 10.5 PROBLEM SET. CHAPTER 11 CLOUDS AND SEVERE WEATHER. 11.1 MOIST PROCESSES IN THE ATMOSPHERE. 11.2 AIR MASS THUNDERSTORMS. 11.3 MULTI-CELL THUNDERSTORMS. 11.4 SUPERCELL THUNDERSTORMS AND TORNADOES. 11.5 MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE SYSTEMS. 11.6 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 12 TROPICAL WEATHER. 12.1 SCALES OF MOTION. 12.2 ATMOSPHERIC OSCILLATIONS. 12.3 TROPICAL CYCLONES. 12.4 PROBLEM SET. CHAPTER 13 MOUNTAIN WEATHER. 13.1 INTERNAL GRAVITY WAVES. 13.2 FLOW OVER MOUNTAINS 13.3 DOWNSLOPE WINDSTORMS. 13.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 14 POLAR WEATHER. 14.1 KATABATIC WINDS. 14.2 BARRIER WINDS. 14.3 POLAR LOWS. 14.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS. CHAPTER 15 EPILOGUE: THE GENERAL CIRCULATION. 15.1 THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT. 15.2 RADIATIVE-CONVECTIVE EQUILIBRIUM. 15.3 THE ZONAL MEAN CIRCULATION. 15.4 THE ANGULAR MOMENTUM BUDGET. 15.5 THE ENERGY CYCLE. APPENDIX 1: SYMBOLS. APPENDIX 2: CONST.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Applied Atmospheric Dynamics
Autor:
EAN: 9780470861738
ISBN: 978-0-470-86173-8
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Genre: Geowissenschaften
Anzahl Seiten: 290
Gewicht: 586g
Größe: H202mm x B260mm x T17mm
Jahr: 2006
Auflage: 1. Auflage