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Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 552 Seiten
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hemistry is the science about breaking and forming of bonds between atoms. One of the most important processes for organic chemist... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

hemistry is the science about breaking and forming of bonds between atoms. One of the most important processes for organic chemistry is breaking bonds CH, as well as CC in various compounds, and primarily, in hydrocarbons. Among hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane etc. ), are especially attractive as substrates for chemical transformations. This is because, on the one hand, alkanes are the main constituents of oil and natural gas, and consequently are the principal feedstocks for chemical industry. On the other hand, these substances are known to be the less reactive organic compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons may be called the noble gases of organic chemistry and, if so, the first representative of their family methane may be compared with extremely inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel between noble gases and alkanes is not fully accurate. Indeed the transformations of alkanes, including methane, have been known for a long time. These reactions involve the interaction with molecular oxygen from air (burning the main source of energy!), as well as some mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. However, all these transformations occur at elevated temperatures (higher than 300500 °C) and are usually characterized by a lack of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water during burning is an extremely valuable process but not from a chemist viewpoint.

Klappentext

This monograph is devoted to the activation and various transformations of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions accompanied by the C-H and C-C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the main constituents of oil and natural gas, and consequently are the principal feedstocks for the chemical industry. On the other hand, these substances are known to be the least reactive organic compounds. Special attention is paid to the recently found alkane activations in the presence of metal complexes, which are described in more detail. In addition to the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons which are the main topic of this book, the activation of C-H bonds in arenes and even olefins and acetylenes are considered. The monograph will be useful not only for those who are interested in the activation of alkanes and other hydrocarbons by metal complexes, but also for specialists in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. Some parts of the monograph will be of interest for specialists in inorganic and organic chemistry, theoretical chemistry, biochemistry and even biology, and also for those who work in the petrochemical industry, industrial organic synthesis and biotechnology.



Zusammenfassung
Among hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane etc. Saturated hydrocarbons may be called the "noble gases of organic chemistry" and, if so, the first representative of their family - methane - may be compared with extremely inert helium.

Inhalt
Preface. Introduction. I. Processes of C-H Bond Activation. II. Hydrocarbon Transformations That Do Not Involve Metals or Their Compounds. III. Heterogeneous Hydrocarbon Reactions with Participation of Solid Metals and Metal Oxides. IV. Activation of C-H Bonds by Low-Valent Metal Complexes (`the Organometallic Chemistry'). V. Hydrocarbon Activation by Metal Ions, Atoms, and Complexes in the Gas Phase and in a Matrix. VI. Mechanisms of C-H Bond Splitting by Low-Valent Metal Complexes. VII. Activation of Hydrocarbons by Platinum Complexes. VIII. Hydrocarbon Reactions with High-Valent Metal Complexes. IX. Homogeneous Catalytic Oxidation of Hydrocarbons by Molecular Oxygen. X. Homogeneous Catalytic Oxidation of Hydrocarbons by Peroxides and Other Oxygen Atom Donors. XI. Oxidation in Living Cells and Its Chemical Models. Conclusion. Abbreviations. Index.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes
Autor:
EAN: 9781402004209
ISBN: 1402004206
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Netherlands
Anzahl Seiten: 552
Gewicht: 826g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm x T29mm
Jahr: 2001
Untertitel: Englisch
Auflage: 2000

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