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1342

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 36. Chapters: 1342 births, 1342 by country, 1342 deaths, 1342 elections, 1342 establishments, 1342 in E... Weiterlesen
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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 36. Chapters: 1342 births, 1342 by country, 1342 deaths, 1342 elections, 1342 establishments, 1342 in Europe, Pope Benedict XII, Charles I of Hungary, Julian of Norwich, Philip the Bold, Henry IV the Faithful, Leo V, King of Armenia, Jeong Do-jeon, Hrelja, Michael of Cesena, Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, Margaret de Clare, Pedro Fernández de Castro, Papal conclave, 1342, Sir Philip Courtenay, Jean-Allarmet de Brogny, Margaret of Brieg, Catherine of Bohemia, Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut, Antipope Clement VII, Yolande Palaeologina of Montferrat, Edward le Despenser, Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Guido Terrena, Uskhal Khan Tögüs Temür, Peter Paludanus, Anna of Trebizond, Maria, Marchioness of Tortosa, John Trevisa, Robert III of Artois, Myoshin-ji, List of state leaders in 1342, Sancho, 1st Count of Alburquerque, Peter II of Sicily, Bartolomeo Gradenigo, Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Mizzi, Al-Jaldaki, William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros, Napoleone Orsini Frangipani, Flann Óge Ó Domhnalláin, Ezmel de Ablitas, 1342 in Ireland, Tini Beg, John VI, Count of Harcourt, Guy I, Count of Blois, Philip le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer, Peter II, Count of La Marche, Nichizo, Juan Alonso de Guzmán, 1st Count of Niebla, Domnall Ó Cuindlis, Gregory III subic of Bribir, Eifuku-mon In. Excerpt: Charles I (1288 - 16 July 1342), also known as Charles Robert (Caroberto), was the first King of Hungary and Croatia (1308-42) of the House of Anjou. He was also descended from the old Hungarian Árpád dynasty. His claim to the throne of Hungary was contested by several pretenders. Nevertheless, although he was only a child when his grandfather, King Charles II of Naples sent him to Hungary in 1300, Charles could strengthen his rule in the kingdom against his opponents and the powerful magnates following a long series of internal struggles. Charles also carried out numerous important political and economical reforms: he established the so called honor system which made the powerful barons dependent of his favour, and he introduced new coins with a consistently high purity of gold. Charles's foreign policy largely stemmed from dynastic alliances. His most successful achievement was the mutual defense union with Poland and Bohemia against the Habsburgs. Charles also endeavoured to enforce his or his descendants' claim to the Kingdom of Naples, but he could achieve only sham results. Nevertheless, he was one of the most successful rulers of the Kingdom of Hungary whose efforts established his successor's achievements. Charles was born in Naples, southern Italy, the only son of Charles Martel, Prince of Salerno and his wife Clementia, a daughter of King Rudolph I of Germany. His paternal grandmother, Mary, a daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary, declared her claim to Hungary following the death of her brother, King Ladislaus IV of Hungary, but the majority of the country accepted the rule of her distant cousin, King Andrew III. Nevertheless, Mary transferred her claim to Hungary to her eldest son, Charles Martel on 6 January 1292, who was also the heir to the Kingdom of Naples, but he was never able to enforce his claim against King Andrew III and died on 19 August 1295. After his father's death, the child Charles inherited the claim to Hungary, but his grandfather, Kin

Produktinformationen

Titel: 1342
Untertitel: 1342 births, 1342 by country, 1342 deaths, 1342 elections, 1342 establishments, 1342 in Europe, Pope Benedict XII, Charles I of Hungary, Julian of Norwich, Philip the Bold, Henry IV the Faithful, Leo V, King of Armenia, Jeong Do-jeon
Editor:
EAN: 9781155989952
ISBN: 1155989953
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Anzahl Seiten: 36
Gewicht: 73g
Größe: H246mm x B189mm x T2mm
Jahr: 2011