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1317

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 31. Chapters: 1317 births, 1317 by country, 1317 deaths, 1317 disestablishments, 1317 establishments, 1... Weiterlesen
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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 31. Chapters: 1317 births, 1317 by country, 1317 deaths, 1317 disestablishments, 1317 establishments, 1317 in Europe, 1317 in law, Conflicts in 1317, Jean de Joinville, Kingdom of Makuria, Madhvacharya, Irish-Bruce Wars, Admiral of Portugal, Emperor Fushimi, Richard Swinefield, Isabel de Verdun, Lady Ferrers of Groby, Yahballaha III, Yishan Yining, Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn, Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Flour, Irene of Montferrat, Robert, Count of Clermont, Euphemia of Sweden, Berthelsdorf, Treaty of Templin, Agnes Mortimer, Countess of Pembroke, Maria of Bytom, List of state leaders in 1317, Guy of Avesnes, Agnes of Montepulciano, Ancient Diocese of Alet, Ancient Diocese of Lombez, Maol Íosa III, Earl of Strathearn, Ancient Diocese of Saint-Papoul, Ancient Diocese of Saint-Pons-de-Thomières, Mangrai the Great, Ancient Diocese of Mirepoix, Thomas Wouldham, Church of St Peter & St Paul, Bleadon, Roger Brabazon, Ancient Diocese of Castres, Michael de Poynings, 2nd Baron Poynings, Henry Harclay, Ancient Diocese of Vabres, Ancient Diocese of Lavaur, Guy IV, Count of Saint-Pol, Ancient Diocese of Rieux, Bernard de Castanet, Ancient Diocese of Maillezais, Manfred of Athens, Boniface of Verona, Ancient Diocese of Sarlat, Malatestino Malatesta, William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros, Stephen de Dunnideer, Nitcho, Walter Maidstone, Arvid Gustavsson Sparre, Ichijo Tsunemichi, Gerard of Bologna, Walter Fürst, 1317 in Ireland. Excerpt: The Kingdom of Makuria (Old Nubian: , Makouria; Arabic: , al-Muqurra) was a kingdom located in what is today Northern Sudan and Southern Egypt. It was one of a group of Nubian kingdoms that emerged during the decline of the Aksumite Empire, which it had been part of from approximately 4BC to AD 950. Makuria originally covered the area along the Nile River from the Third Cataract to somewhere between the Fifth and Sixth Cataracts. It also had control over the trade routes, mines, and oases to the east and west. Its capital was Dongola (Arabic: Dunqulah), and the kingdom is sometimes known by the name of its capital. By the end of the 6th century it had converted to Christianity, but in the 7th century Egypt was conquered by the Islamic armies, and Nubia was cut off from the rest of Christendom. In 651 an Arab army invaded, but it was repulsed and a treaty known as the baqt was signed creating a relative peace between the two sides that lasted until the 13th century. Makuria expanded, annexing its northern neighbour Nobatia either at the time of the Arab invasion or during the reign of King Merkurios. The period from roughly 750 to 1150 saw the kingdom stable and prosperous, in what has been called the "Golden Age". Increased aggression from Egypt, and internal discord led to the state's collapse in the 14th century. A page from an Old Nubian translation of Liber Institutionis Michaelis Archangelis from the 9th-10th century, found at Qasr Ibrim, now housed in the British Museum. The name of Michael appears in red.Makuria is much better known than its neighbor Alodia to the south, but there are still many gaps in our knowledge. The most important source for the history of the area is various Arab travelers and historians who passed through Nubia during this period. These accounts are often problematic as many of the Arab writers were biased against their Christian neighbours, and these works generally focus on only the military conflicts between Egypt and Nubi

Produktinformationen

Titel: 1317
Untertitel: 1317 births, 1317 by country, 1317 deaths, 1317 disestablishments, 1317 establishments, 1317 in Europe, 1317 in law, Conflicts in 1317, Jean de Joinville, Kingdom of Makuria, Madhvacharya, Irish-Bruce Wars, Admiral of Portugal
Editor:
EAN: 9781155989839
ISBN: 115598983X
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Anzahl Seiten: 32
Gewicht: 77g
Größe: H246mm x B189mm x T2mm
Jahr: 2011