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12th century in law

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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 27. Chapters: 1101 in law, 1108 in law, 1123 in law, 1127 in law, 1136 in law, 1139 in law, 1140 in law... Weiterlesen
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Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 27. Chapters: 1101 in law, 1108 in law, 1123 in law, 1127 in law, 1136 in law, 1139 in law, 1140 in law, 1141 in law, 1143 in law, 1151 in law, 1153 in law, 1156 in law, 1164 in law, 1166 in law, 1170 in law, 1174 in law, 1175 in law, 1176 in law, 1177 in law, 1179 in law, 1181 in law, 1183 in law, 1188 in law, 1192 in law, 12th-century treaties, Concordat of Worms, Treaty of Devol, Tractatus of Glanvill, Assize of Arms, Testament of Boleslaw III Krzywousty, Leges inter Brettos et Scottos, Pactum Warmundi, Assize of Clarendon, Treaty of Sahagún, Assizes of Ariano, Constitutions of Clarendon, Treaty of Windsor 1175, Treaty of Le Goulet, Treaty of Benevento, Treaty of Venice, Treaty of Alton, Treaty of Falaise, Treaty of Wallingford, Treaty of Mignano, Peace of Constance, Treaty of Durham, Treaty of Cazola, Assize of Northampton, Treaty of Zamora, Assize of darrein presentment, Peace of Támara, Assize of mort d'ancestor, Treaty of Ramla, Treaty of Shaoxing, Assize of novel disseisin, Treaty of Tudilén, Treaty of Constance. Excerpt: The Concordat of Worms, sometimes called the Pactum Calixtinum by papal historians, was an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V on September 23, 1122 near the city of Worms. It brought to an end the first phase of the power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperors and has been interpreted as containing within itself the germ of nation-based sovereignty that would one day be confirmed in the Treaty of Westphalia (1648); in part this was an unforeseen result of strategic maneuvering between the Church and the European sovereigns over political control within their domains. The King was recognized as having the right to invest bishops with secular authority ("by the lance") in the territories they governed, but not with sacred authority ("by ring and staff"); the result was that bishops owed allegiance in worldly matters both to the pope and to the king, for they were obligated to affirm the right of the sovereign to call upon them for military support, under his oath of fealty. Previous Holy Roman Emperors had thought it their right, granted by God, to name the Pope, as well as other Church officials, such as bishops. One long-delayed result was an end to the belief in the divine right of kings. A more immediate result of the Investiture struggle identified a proprietary right that adhered to sovereign territory, recognizing the right of kings to income from the territory of a vacant diocese and a basis for justifiable taxation. These rights lay outside feudalism, which defined authority in a hierarchy of personal relations, with only a loose relation to territory. The Pope emerged as a figure above and out of the direct control of the Holy Roman Emperor. Following efforts by Lamberto Scannabecchi (later Pope Honorius II) and the Diet of Würzburg (1121) in 1122, Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V entered into an agreement that effectively ended the Investiture Controversy. By the terms of the agreement, the elec

Produktinformationen

Titel: 12th century in law
Untertitel: 1101 in law, 1108 in law, 1123 in law, 1127 in law, 1136 in law, 1139 in law, 1140 in law, 1141 in law, 1143 in law, 1151 in law, 1153 in law, 1156 in law, 1164 in law, 1166 in law, 1170 in law, 1174 in law, 1175 in law, 1176 in law
Editor:
EAN: 9781155988634
ISBN: 1155988639
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Anzahl Seiten: 28
Gewicht: 59g
Größe: H246mm x B189mm x T1mm
Jahr: 2011