This book draws together the latest findings on the hydrological processes, community organization, and stress physiology of fres...
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This book draws together the latest findings on the hydrological processes, community organization, and stress physiology of freshwater, tidally influenced land-margin forests of the southeastern United States. It describes the land use history that led to the restricted distribution of these wetlands, and provides descriptions of the hydrology, soils, biogeochemistry, and physiological ecology of these systems, highlighting the similarities shared among tidal freshwater forested wetlands. Klappentext Tidal freshwater forested wetlands are unique wetland systems. Occupying low relief coastal areas which are subject to both upland runoff and tidal flooding, these systems are especially vulnerable to pressure from human development and to climate change impacts of sea-level rise and increased drought/flood frequency. Yet to date the ecological dynamics, distribution, and conservation status of these communities is poorly understood.This book draws together the latest findings from investigators focusing on the hydrological processes, community organization, and stress physiology of freshwater, tidally influenced land-margin forests of the southeastern United States. It describes the land use history that led to the restricted distribution of these wetlands, and provides descriptions of the hydrology, soils, biogeochemistry, and physiological ecology of these systems, highlighting the similarities shared among tidal freshwater forested wetlands.Including case studies from North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida and Louisiana, Ecology of Tidal Freshwater Forested Wetlands of the Southeastern United States will be an important resource for researchers, natural resource managers and students interested in understanding the complex dynamics of this unique coastal ecosystem; one that has been altered by land-use history and which is now undergoing decline due to changing climate, sea-level rise and hurricanes. In particular, it provides current knowledge on those biological, geological, hydrological and physical forcing factors that may influence the possible alternatives and likely success of coastal restoration projects for these vulnerable ecosystems. Zusammenfassung Tidal freshwater forested wetlands represent an intriguing and und- studied type of ecosystem in the southeastern United States. The phy- ographic position of tidal freshwater forested wetlands in occupying low lying, coastal areas makes them susceptible to upland runoff, tidal flo- ing, saltwater intrusion, and other global climate change phenomena. While information on them is rather sparse in the scientific literature, these ecosystems are among the most sensitive to sea-level rise and increased drought or flood frequency. Tidal freshwater forested wetlands are readily impacted by acute and chronic exposure to even low levels of salinity. The combined stress of flooding and salinity may compound the threat in these systems such that the margin for survival and compensation to changing climate is much less than for other coastal habitats. In this book, we bring together principal investigators whose research focus has targeted the - drology, biogeochemistry, community ecology, forestry, stress physiology, and restoration of tidal freshwater forested wetlands in the southeastern United States. It is our foremost intent to develop an up-to-date treatise that includes not only peer-reviewed journal articles but also the dispersive grey literature on the topic in order to spark future research interest in tidal freshwater forested wetlands and to provide land managers with a concise overview of research findings. We have thus formalized all scientific and common names into the standard of ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Infor- tion System, http://www. itis. Inhalt Preface. 1. Tidal freshwater swamps of the southeastern United States: effects of land use, hurricanes, sea-level rise, and climate change; T.W. Doyle et al.- 2. Hydrology of tidal freshwater forested wetlands of the southeastern United States; R.H. Day et al.- 3. Soils and biogeochemistry of tidal freshwater forested wetlands; C.J. Anderson, B.G. Lockaby.- 4. Plant community composition of a tidally influenced, remnant atlantic white cedar stand in Mississippi; B.D. Keeland, J.W. McCoy.- 5. Sediment, nutrient, and vegetation trends along the tidal, forested Pocomoke River, Maryland; D.E. Kroes et al.- 6. Vegetation and seed bank studies of salt-pulsed swamps of the Nanticoke River, Chesapeake Bay; A.H. Baldwin.- 7. Tidal freshwater swamps of a lower Chesapeake Bay subestuary; R.D. Rheinhardt.- 8. Biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of tidal freshwater swamp forests of the lower Cape Fear River/Estuary, North Carolina; C.T. Hackney et al.- 9. Ecology of tidal freshwater forests in coastal deltaic Louisiana and northeastern South Carolina; W.H. Conner et al.- 10. Ecology of the coastal edge of hydric hammocks on the Gulf Coast of Florida; K. Williams et al.- 11. Ecological characteristics of tidal freshwater forests along the lower Suwannee River, Florida; H.M. Light et al.- 12. Community composition of select areas of tidal freshwater forest along the Savannah River; J. Duberstein, W. Kitchens.- 13. Ecology of the Maurepas Swamp: effects of salinity, nutrients, and insect defoliation; R.S. Effler et al.- 14. Selection for salt tolerance in tidal freshwater swamp species: advances using baldcypress as a model for restoration; K.W. KRAUSS et al.- 15. Assessing the impact of tidal flooding and salinity on long-term growth of baldcypress under changing climate and riverflow; T.W. Doyle et al.- 16. Conservation and use of coastal wetland forests in Louisiana; S.P. Faulkner et al.- 17. Tidal freshwater forested wetlands: future research needs and an overview of restoration; W.H. Conner et al.- Appendix 1.- Index.-
Ecology of Tidal Freshwater Forested Wetlands of the Southeastern United States