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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.
Michael Freeden is a Professor of Political Theory, University of Nottingham, and Emertius Professor of Politics, University of Oxford. His books include The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform (Oxford, 1978); Liberalism Divided (Oxford, 1986); Rights (Milton Keynes, 1991); Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach (Oxford, 1996); Ideology: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2003); Liberal Languages: Ideological Imaginations and 20th Century Progressive Thought (Princeton, 2005); The Meaning of Ideology: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives (ed.) (London, 2007). He is the founder editor of the Journal of Political Ideologies. Lyman Tower Sargent is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Missouri-St. Louis and he has been a visiting professor and fellow at universities in New Zealand and the UK. He is the author or editor of a number of books on ideologies, American political thought, and utopianism. He is the recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award of both the Society for Utopian Studies and the Communal Studies Association. The Society for Utopian Studies has named this award the Lyman Tower Sargent Distinguished Scholar Award. Marc Stears is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Oxford and Fellow of University College, Oxford. He is the author of Demanding Democracy: American Radicals in Search of a New Politics (Princeton, 2010) and Progressives, Pluralists and the Problems of the State (Oxford, 2002), as well as the joint editor of Political Philosophy versus History? (Cambridge, 2012), Liberalism as Ideology (Oxford, 2012) and Political Theory: Methods and Approaches (Oxford, 2008). His own research concentrates on ideologies of democratic radicalism and social reform, especially in United States and Britain.
Preface; Part I: The History of Ideology and of Ideology Studies; 1 Bo Strath: Ideology and Conceptual History; 2 David Leopold: Marxism and Ideology: From Marx to Althusser; 3 Peter Breiner: Karl Mannheim and Political Ideology; 4 Emilio Gentile: Total and Totalitarian Ideologies; 5 John G. Gunnell: Social Science and Ideology: The Case of Behavioralism in American Political Science; 6 Howard Brick: The End of Ideology Thesis; Part II: Contemporary Theories of Ideology; 7 Michael Freeden: The Morphological Analysis of Ideology; 8 Lois McNay: Contemporary Critical Theory; 9 Aletta Norval: Poststructuralist Conceptions of Ideology; 10 Teun A. Van Dijk: Ideology and Discourse; 11 Alan Finlayson: Ideology and Political Rhetoric; 12 Manfred B. Steger: Political Ideologies in the Age of Globalization; 13 John T. Jost, Christoper M. Federico, and Jaime L. Napier: Political Ideologies and their Social Psychological Functions; 14 Craig Berry and Michael Kenny: Ideology and the Intellectuals; 15 Rahul Rao: Postcolonialism; Part III: Ideological Families and Traditions; 16 Noel O'Sullivan: Conservatism; 17 Paolo Pombeni: Christian Democracy; 18 Michael Freeden and Marc Stears: Liberalism; 19 Ben Jackson: Social Democracy; 20 Archie Brown: Communism; 21 Benjamin Franks: Anarchism; 22 Andrew Gamble: Economic Libertarianism; 23 Mathew Humphrey: Green Ideology; 24 Lyman Tower Sargent: Ideology and Utopia; 25 Andrew Vincent: Nationalism; 26 Roger Eatwell: Fascism; 27 Cas Mudde and Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser: Populism; 28 Cecile Laborde: Republicanism; 29 Duncan Bell: Ideologies of Empire; 30 Clare Chambers: Feminism; 31 Jose Antonio Aguilar Rivera: Latin American Political Ideologies; 32 Joy Hendrickson and Hoda Zaki: Modern African Ideologies; 33 Michaelle Browers: Islamic Political Ideologies; 34 Leigh Jenco: Chinese Political Ideologies; 35 Rochana Bajpai and Carlo Bonura: South Asian and Southeast Asian Ideologies