This book shows the state-of-the-art in Europe on a very new discipline, Space Weather. This discipline lies at the edge between ...
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This book shows the state-of-the-art in Europe on a very new discipline, Space Weather. This discipline lies at the edge between science and industry. This book reflects such a position with theoretic papers and applicative papers as well. Each chapter starts with a short introduction, which shows the coherence of a given domain. Then, four to five contributions written by the best specialists in Europe give detailed hints of a hot topic in space weather. Autorentext Myself, the editor of the book, I am the chair of the largest project on space weather, gathering 26 countries. I am a permanent researcher at CNRS Laboratoire de Planétologie de Grenoble. I study space weather at Earth, but also at other planets (Mars, Jupiter, Venus, Titan). I published more than 50 scientific papers on these topics. This book is my tenth book. I published 9 books on space, space weather, and philosophy in French. One of them on space weather has been translated and published in December 2005 by Springer (Space weather, environment and societies, Jean Lilensten et J. Bornarel). Klappentext This book shows the state of the art in Europe on a very new discipline, Space Weather. This discipline lies at the edge between science and industry. This book reflects such a position, with theoretic papers and applicative papers as well. It is divided into 5 chapters. Each chapter starts with a short introduction, which shows the coherence of a given domain. Then, 4 to 5 contributions written by the best specialists in Europe give detailed hints of a hot topic in space weather. From the reading of this book, it becomes evident that space weather is a living discipline, full of promises and already full of amazing realizations. The strength of Europe is clear through the book, but it is also clear that this discipline is world wide. Zusammenfassung 1 2 J. LILENSTEN , A. GLOVER , A. HILGERS, A. BELEHAKI, Lj. R. CANDER, B. ZOLESI, M. RYCROFT, AND F. LEFEUVRE 1 Chair of ESWW2, editor 2 co-Chair of ESWW2 This book presents Space Weather review papers given as invited presentations at the Second European Space Weather week which was held at the European Space Agency's ESTEC site in Noordwijk, The Netherlands, from 14th to 19th November, 2005. As the meeting itself, it is divided into 5 chapters, each representing one of the Science to Applications sessions on a particular theme. These themes are: • Session 1 : The solar weather/solar activity forecast and predictions (including propagation of transient features in the solar wind) • Session 2 : Atmospheres (weather and climate, also including thermosphere and drag), global change • Session 3 : Ionosphere/positioning and telecommunication • Session 4 : Radiation environment of the Earth/spacecraft and aircraft environment • Session 5 : Magnetic environment/GIC's and other ground effects Each chapter is divided into an introduction written by the convener of the corresponding session, and the papers written by the invited speakers. Many of the poster contributions, including applications focussed papers, have been published elsewhere and the presentation material can be found via the ESWW2 website: http://www. esa-spaceweather. net/spweather/workshops/eswwII/ esww2-proceedings. html. The ESWW2 was the second in a series of annual workshops that are the result of much patient work that started about ten years ago involving many European entities. Inhalt The Solar Weather/Solar Activity Monitoring and Forecast.- Using CME Observations for Geomagnetic Storm Forecasting.- Solar Activity Monitoring.- Modeling of Solar Energetic Particles in Interplanetary Space.- Simulating CME Initiation and Evolution: State-of-the-art.- Signatures of the Ancient Sun Constraining the Early Emergence of Life on Earth.- The Sun's Interaction with the Earth's Thermosphere and Climate System.- Solar Variability and Climate.- Influence of Solar Activity Cycles on Earth's Climate.- Unravelling Signs of Global Change in the Ionosphere.- Thermosphere Density Model Calibration.- Numerical Space Weather Prediction: Can Meteorologists Forecast the Way Ahead?.- Ionosphere/Positioning and Telecommunications.- Space Weather Influence on Satellite-based Navigation and Precise Positioning.- New improvements in HF Ionospheric Communication and Direction Finding Systems.- Short-Term fo F2 Forecast: Present Day State of Art.- Manifestation of Strong Geomagnetic Storms in the Ionosphere above Europe.- Effects of Scintillations in GNSS Operation.- Radiation Environment of the EarthSpacecraft and Aircraft Environment.- Complementarity of Measurements and Models in Reproducing Earth's Radiation Belt Dynamics.- Radiation Effects on Spacecraft and Countermeasures, Selected Cases.- Aircraft Crew Radiation Exposure in Aviation Altitudes During Quiet and Solar Storm Periods.- The Magnetic Environment GIC and other Ground Effects.- Geomagnetic Indices in Solar-Terrestrial Physics and Space Weather.- The Value of Real-time Geomagnetic Reference Data to the Oil and Gas Industry.- Spatiotemporal Characteristics of the Ground Electromagnetic Field Fluctuations in the Auroral Region and Implications on the Predictability of Geomagnetically Induced Currents.- Finnish Experiences with Grid Effects of GIC's.