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Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

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Social Perception and Social Reality contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perc... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Social Perception and Social Reality contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling. Jussim reviews a wealth of real world, survey, and experimental data collected over the last century to show that in fact, social psychological research consistently demonstrates that biases and self-fulfilling prophecies are generally weak, fragile, and fleeting. Furthermore, research in the social sciences has shown stereotypes to be accurate.

Autorentext

Lee Jussim is Professor and Chair of the Psychology Department at Rutgers University. He has published extensively on stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination, self-fulfilling prophecies and expectancy-confirming biases, and accuracy in social perception. He fully embraces scientific data, even when that data yields unpopular or politically incorrect conclusions (many of which can be found in this book).



Inhalt

Section I - Introduction: This Book, Basic Ideas, and the Early Research Chapter 1 - Introduction: How Might Social Beliefs Relate to Social Reality? Chapter 2 - Social Reality is Not Always What it Appears To Be: The Scientific Roots of Research on Interpersonal Expectancies Chapter 3 - The Once Raging and Still Smoldering Pygmalion Controversy Section II - The Awesome Power of Expectations to Create Reality and Distort Perceptions Chapter 4 - The Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Chapter 5 - The Extraordinary Power of Expectancies to Bias Perception, Memory, and Information-Seeking Section III - The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Create Reality and Distort Perceptions Chapter 6 - The Less Than Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies: Considerations Based on Common Sense, Daily Life, and a Critical Evaluation of the Early Classic Experiments Chapter 7 - You Better Change Your Expectations Because I Will Not Change (Much) to Fit Your Expectations: Self-Verification as a Limit to Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Chapter 8 - The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Distort Information-Seeking Chapter 9 - The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Bias Perception, Memory and Judgment Section IV - Accuracy: Controversies, Criticisms, Criteria, Components, and Cognitive Processes Chapter 10 - Accuracy: Historical, Political, and Conceptual Objections Chapter 11 - Accuracy: Criteria Chapter 12 - Accuracy: Components and Processes Section V - The Quest for the Powerful Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Chapter 13 - Teacher Expectations: Accuracy and the Quest for the Powerful Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Chapter 14 - Do Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Accumulate or Dissipate? Section VI - Stereotypes Chapter 15 - On the Pervasiveness and Logical Incoherence of Defining Stereotypes as Inaccurate Chapter 16 - What Constitutes Evidence of Stereotype Accuracy? Chapter 17 - Pervasive Stereotype Accuracy Chapter 18 - Stereotypes and Person Perception: Can Judging Individuals on the Basis of Stereotypes Ever Increase Accuracy? Chapter 19 - Stereotypes Have Been Stereotyped! Section VII - Conclusion Chapter 20 - Important, Interesting and Controversial Work on Accuracy, Bias, and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies that Did Not Fit Elsewhere Chapter 21 - The 90% Full Glass Contests the Scholarly Bias for Bias

Produktinformationen

Titel: Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Untertitel: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Autor:
EAN: 9780199710614
ISBN: 978-0-19-971061-4
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Oxford University Press
Genre: Psychologie
Anzahl Seiten: 486
Veröffentlichung: 06.04.2012
Jahr: 2012
Untertitel: Englisch