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Plant Breeding Reviews

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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditi... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.



Autorentext

Irwin L. Goldman, Professor and Chair, Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.



Inhalt

1. Hari Deo Upadhyaya: Plant Breeder, Geneticist and Genetic Resources Specialist 1
Sangam L Dwivedi

Abbreviations 3

I. Introduction 3

II. Biographical Sketch 5

III. Contributions 5

A. Genetic Resources Management and Use 6

1. Representative Subsets 6

2. Climate?]resilient Germplasm 8

3. Seed Nutrient?]dense Germplasm 8

4. Bioenergy 9

5. Germplasm Use in Breeding 9

6. On?]farm Conservation and Use of Diversity 10

7. Wild Relatives and Cultigen Genepool 10

8. Gaps in Collections 12

B. Molecular Biology and Biometrics 13

1. Population Structure and Diversity 13

2. Genome?]wide Association Mapping 13

3. Candidate Genes Associated with Agronomically Useful Traits 15

4. Ethnolinguistic Groups Shaped Sorghum Diversity in Africa 15

5. Genome Sequencing 16

C. Groundnut Breeding 16

1. Early Maturity 16

2. Drought Tolerance 18

3. Aflatoxin Resistance 18

4. Farmers Participatory Varietal Selection 19

D. Chickpea Breeding 20

IV. Upadhyaya, the Man 20

A. Personality 20

B. Educator and Leader 27

C. International Collaborations 28

D. Recognition 28

1. Awards 28

2. Honours 30

3. Service 30

V. Publications 30

VI. Products 31

A. Cultivars 31

B. Registrations 31

References cited and further reading 33

2. Crop Improvement Using Genome Editing 55
Nathaniel M Butler, Jiming Jiang and Robert M Stupar

Abbreviations 56

I. Introduction 57

II. Conceptual Framework for Genome Editing 60

A. Development of Sequence?]Specific Nucleases 60

1. Early Nucleases 62

2. Designer Nucleases 62

3. RNA?]guided Nucleases 65

B. DNA Repair Pathways 66

1. Non?]homologous End?]joining 66

2. Homologous Recombination 69

C. Modes of Modifications 70

1. NHEJ?]mediated Modifications 70

2. HR?]mediated Modifications 71

III. Plant Transformation Strategies 72

A. Agrobacterium?]mediated Transformation 73

B. Protoplasts and Biolistics 75

C. Plant Viral Systems 76

IV. Harnessing Breaks for Targeted Mutagenesis 77

A. Detecting and Stabilizing Targeted Mutations 78

B. Targeted Mutagenesis in Polyploids 81

V. Precision Gene Editing via HomologousRecombination 82

VI. Genome Editing at the Genome Level 85

A. Large Deletions 85

B. Chromosomal Rearrangements 86

C. Epigenetic Remodelling and Base Editing 87

VII. Future Perspectives 88

A. Nuclease Decisions and Considerations 89

B. Crop Challenges and Advantages 90

C. Regulation of Nuclease Technology 91

Acknowledgements 92

Literature Cited 92

3. Development and Commercialization of CMS Pigeonpea Hybrids 103
KB Saxena, D Sharma, and MI Vales

Abbreviations 105

I. Introduction 106

II. Reproductive Cycle and Morphology of Pigeonpea 108

A. Induction of Flowering 108

B. Maturity Range 109

C. Flower Structure 110

D. Flowering Pattern 111

E. Pollination and Fertilization 111

F. Natural Cross?]pollination 112

1. Cross?]pollinating Agents 112

2. Extent of Out?]crossing 114

III. Crop Production 115

A. General Agronomy 115

B. Major Production Constraints 115

1. Diseases 115

2. Insect Pests 117

3. Waterlogging 117

IV. Extent and Nature of Heterosis in Pigeonpea 118

V. Genetic Male Sterility?]based Hybrid Technology 119

A. Genetic Male Sterility Systems 119

B. Hete...

Produktinformationen

Titel: Plant Breeding Reviews
Editor:
Autor:
EAN: 9781119414513
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (epub)
Hersteller: Wiley
Genre: Botanik
Anzahl Seiten: 416
Veröffentlichung: 17.01.2018
Dateigrösse: 3.4 MB