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Functional and Ecological Xylem Anatomy

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The book will describe the xylem structure of different plant groups, and will put the findings in a physiological and ecological ... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

The book will describe the xylem structure of different plant groups, and will put the findings in a physiological and ecological context. For instance, when differences in vessel diameter are featured, then there will be an explanation why this matters for water transport efficiency and safety from cavitation. The focus is on the hydraulic function of xylem, although mechanical support and storage will also be covered. Featured plant groups include ferns (which only have primary xylem), conifers (tracheid-based xylem), lianas (extremely wide and long vessels), drought-adapted shrubs as well as the model systems poplar and grapevine. The book chapters will draw on the expertise and cutting edge research of a diversified group of internationally known researchers working in different anatomical and physiological sub-disciplines. Over the last two decades, much progress has been made in understanding how xylem structure relates to plant function. Implications for other timely topics such as drought-induced forest dieback or the regulation of plant biomass production will be discussed.

Dr. Uwe Hacke serves as Associate Professor in the Department of Renewable Resources for the University of Alberta, as well as Canada Research Chair in Tree-Water Relations. He was a recipient of the 2013 C.D. Nelson Award from the Canadian Society of Plant Biologists for outstanding research contributions to plant biology.



Autorentext

Dr. Uwe Hacke serves as Associate Professor in the Department of Renewable Resources for the University of Alberta, as well as Canada Research Chair in Tree-Water Relations. He was a recipient of the 2013 C.D. Nelson Award from the Canadian Society of Plant Biologists for outstanding research contributions to plant biology.



Klappentext

This book analyzes what is currently known about functional and ecological xylem anatomy. In addition to serving as a source of information to professionals, instructors, and advanced students in plant science and forestry, the inherent beauty of xylem that is apparent in many images will be a source of inspiration to readers who are not yet familiar with the topic. This work offers a unique combination of scientific insight based on thorough experimental work and beautiful images, which often speak for themselves. The beauty of xylem is evident at different scales; from views of striking tree ring patterns and vascular networks in fern fronds, conifer needles, and angiosperm leaves, to microscopic images of developing pits. Functional and Ecological Xylem Anatomy not only serves as a source of information, but also of inspiration.



Inhalt

Table of Contents

Preface

1. The Structure and Function of Xylem in Seed-Free Vascular Plants: An Evolutionary Perspective

Jarmila Pittermann, James E. Watkins, Katherine Cary, Eric Schuettpelz, Craig Brodersen, Alan Smith, Alex Baer

2. The Hydraulic Architecture of Conifers

Uwe G. Hacke, Barbara Lachenbruch, Jarmila Pittermann, Stefan Mayr, Jean-Christophe Domec, Paul J. Schulte

3. Development, Structure and Function of Torus-Margo Pits in Conifers, Ginkgo and Dicots

Roland R. Dute

4. The Hydraulic Architecture of Populus

Uwe G. Hacke

5. Grapevine Xylem Development, Architecture and Function

Anna L. Jacobsen, F. Daniela Rodriguez-Zaccaro, Tamani F. Lee, Jessica Valdovinos, Hayden S. Toschi, Justin A. Martinez , R. Brandon Pratt

6. Lianas as Structural Parasites

Frank W. Ewers, Julieta A. Rosell, Mark E. Olson

7. Integrative Xylem Analysis of Chaparral Shrubs

R. Brandon Pratt, Marta I. Percolla, Anna L. Jacobsen

8. The Role of Xylem Parenchyma in the Storage and Utilization of Non-Structural Carbohydrates

Lenka Plavcová, Steven Jansen

9. Wood Anatomy and Plant Hydraulics in a Changing Climate

William R. L. Anderegg, Frederick C. Meinzer

10. The Anatomical Determinants of Leaf Hydraulic Function

Lawren Sack, Christine Scoffoni, Daniel M. Johnson, Thomas N. Buckley and Timothy J. Brodribb

Produktinformationen

Titel: Functional and Ecological Xylem Anatomy
Editor:
EAN: 9783319157832
ISBN: 978-3-319-15783-2
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Biologie
Anzahl Seiten: 281
Veröffentlichung: 20.04.2015
Jahr: 2015
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 12.1 MB