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Fires in Silos

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Providing many lessons learned from past silo fires coupled with in-depth knowledge from experts, this book explains current preve... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Providing many lessons learned from past silo fires coupled with in-depth knowledge from experts, this book explains current prevention measures in detail -- helping to prevent future damage.
It covers numerous types of fire detection devices and fire fighting equipment, backed by extensive data tables listing fire and explosion characteristics of bulk materials, color photographs of silos on fire and documentation of firefighters' actions. In addition, diagrams and formulas as well as pre-prepared check lists are included for risk assessment and fire fighting actions.
Possibly lifesaving reading for chemists in industry, engineers, chemical engineers, health officers, environmental consultants, instructors in the chemical industry, as well as chemicals suppliers and safety officers.

Autorentext
Dr. habil. Ulrich Krause is head of the division "Fire Engineering" at the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) in Berlin, Germany, which he joined in 1991. He studied fluid mechanics and thermodynamics at the Technical University of Dresden from 1980 to 1985 and obtained his Ph.D. in 1989. In 2001, he completed his Habilitation(equivalent to D.Sc.) on heat and mass transfer in dust explosions, also at the Technical University of Dresden.
His research interests focus on accidental fires in bulk materials, solid fuels, dust explosions, and on the CFD modelling of fires and explosions. He lectures on computational methods in process safety at the Technical University of Berlin. He is member of several EU standardization working groups, has authored and co-authored three monographs, and has published over 50 papers in scientific and technical journals to date.


Klappentext
Storage of chemicals in silos is ubiquitous in the chemical, pharmaceutical and other producing industries, and some 80 % of all bulk materials are inflammable. It is here that the risk of large fires arises due to self-ignition or the intrusion of different ignition sources. For firefighters, most silo fires are very difficult to handle due to the large amount of combustibles, hidden hot spots of burning material, and possibly toxicity of the chemicals involved or their combustion products.
Thus, specialist knowledge is absolutely necessary for smooth silo plant operation, hazard prevention and hazard control during emergencies -- sometimes even firefighters take inappropriate action due to a lack of information.
This book provides just such in-depth expert knowledge, drawing on many lessons learned from past silo fires. It explains current prevention measures in detail -- helping to prevent future damage. Numerous types of fire detection devices and fire fighting equipment are covered, backed by extensive data tables listing fire and explosion characteristics of bulk materials, color photographs of silos on fire and documentation of firefighters' actions. In addition, diagrams and formulas as well as pre-prepared check lists are included for risk assessment and fire fighting actions.
Possibly lifesaving reading for chemists in industry, engineers, chemical engineers, health officers, environmental consultants, instructors in the chemical industry, as well as chemicals suppliers and safety officers.

Inhalt
INTRODUCTION
Problem Description
Influence of Material Properties on Fire
Chemical Properties of Bulk Goods
IGNITION SOURCES
Introduction
External Ignition Sources
Self-Heating
Physical Characteristics of Self-Ignition Processes and Smoldering Fire Propagation
FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT
Introduction
Experimental Techniques
EXPLOSION RISK AND PROTECTION
Essential Conditions for Explosion Occurrence
Parameters of Dust Explosion;
Definitions
Some Physical and Chemical Properties of Agricultural Dusts
Explosion Characteristics
Propagation of Explosion
Dynamics of Explosions in Long Ducts and Galleries
Causes of Fires and Fire-Explosion Protection
Fire and Explosion Prevention and Protection in the Storage of Agro, Feed and Food Products
Explosions
Fire
FIRE DETECTION
Introduction
Smoke Detectors
Flame Detectors
Spark Detectors
Heat Detectors
Application Examples
CASE STUDIES
Fire in a Silo for Wood Pellets in Esbjerg, Denmark, 1998-1999
Further Case Studies
FIGHTING SILO FIRES
Introduction
Inert Gases for Silo Fire Fighting
Nitrogen
Carbon Dioxide
Fighting a Silo Fire in an Animal Food Production Plant
Test Inertization of a Malt Silo
NECESSARY FIRE PREVENTION MEASURES FOR SILOS WITH FLAMMABLE SOLID BULK MATERIALS IN CONNCETION WITH INERTING DURING A FIRE
Inerting of Silos with Flammable Solid Bulk Materials in Case of Fire
Recommendations for Construction, Processing and Operation
Measures in Case of Fire
PREDICTIVE TOOLS FOR HAZARD ASSESSMENT OF SELF-IGNITION

Produktinformationen

Titel: Fires in Silos
Untertitel: Hazards, Prevention, and Fire Fighting
Editor:
EAN: 9783527623815
ISBN: 978-3-527-62381-5
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley-Vch
Genre: Sonstiges
Anzahl Seiten: 156
Veröffentlichung: 11.02.2009
Jahr: 2009
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 2.3 MB