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Child Psychology and Psychiatry

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Written by leading clinicians and research experts in the fields of child development and psychopathology, this book is an authori... Weiterlesen
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Written by leading clinicians and research experts in the fields of child development and psychopathology, this book is an authoritative and up to date guide for psychologists, psychiatrists, paediatricians and other professionals working with vulnerable children. The opening chapters outline neurobiological, genetic, familial and cultural influences upon child development, especially those fostering children's resilience and emotional wellbeing. Discussion of the acquisition of social and emotional developmental competencies leads on to reviews of child psychopathology, clinical diagnoses, assessment and intervention.

Developed with busy professionals and trainees in mind, it is comprehensively yet concisely written, using visual aids to help the reader absorb information rapidly and easily. This book is an essential purchase for those working or training in all clinical and community child settings.

Dr David Skuse is Professor of Behavioural and Brain Sciences at the UCL Institute of Child Health, and an Honorary Consultant in Developmental Neuropsychiatry. He runs the National Centre for High Functioning Autism at Great Ormond Street Hospital, a diagnostic service offering best practice treatment plans for children referred by other clinicians. Professor Skuse's main research interests include complex social communication disorders (autism spectrum conditions), and individual differences in cooperative styles of behaviour that could be influenced by genetic variation. His research focuses on psychiatric endophenotypes - cognitive, behavioural and neurophysiological indicators of dysfunctional biological processes in children and adolescents who are vulnerable to psychiatric disorders, and Professor Skuse is internationally known for his work in these fields.

Dr Helen Bruce, is a Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist for East London NHS Foundation Trust and Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer at Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry. She is also and Honorary Senior Lecturer at the UCL Institute of Child Health. She has been a Consultant Psychiatrist since 1992 and has worked as a Consultant in acute and low secure settings. Her particular interests in Adult Psychiatry are Psychiatric Intensive Care and Court Diversion. She was the Consultant responsible for a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit and Court Diversion Scheme for six years. Dr Bruce then undertook further training at the Royal London/Great Ormond Street SPR training scheme to be dual accredited in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, which she completed in December 2002. She has worked in East London since then as a Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, first for North East London Mental Health Trust and then in her current post at the Emanuel Miller Centre since 2004. She has a particular interest in transition issues at the interface between Child Mental Health Services and Adult Services, Parental Mental Health and in Medical Education.

Dr Linda Dowdney, Ph.D. (Psychology), M.A. (Developmental Psychology), M.Phil (Clinical Psychology) is a Consultant Clinical Psychologist, and also an Honorary Senior Lecturer at the UCL Institute of Child Health. She is an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society (BPS). Dr Dowdney moved into research following her training in developmental psychology at Columbia University. As part of her research PhD, she developed an observational scheme for assessing the parenting skills of a group of women raised in institutions. Clinically trained at the Institute of Psychiatry, she worked with children and families in a variety of community and hospital settings both in inner and outer London areas, becoming head of Child and Adolescent Psychology at Queen Mary's Hospital for Children, Carshalton. Subsequently, Dr Dowdney became a Senior Lecturer at the University of Surrey where she was director of the Clinical Psychology doctoral training course and a member of the BPS Committee on Training in Clinical Psychology. Dr Dowdney's clinical and research interests have centred on parenting skills, failure to thrive and childhood bereavement, and she has national and international publications in these areas. She was a founding editor of the journal Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review (now renamed Child and Adolescent Mental Health).

Dr David A. Mrazek, M.D., F.R.C. Psych. Is a Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine. Dr. Mrazek has initiated a psychiatric pharmacogenomic research program and implemented clinical psychiatric pharmacogenomic services. Dr. Mrazek is the principal investigator of the SSRI Pharmacogenomic Project within the NIH funded Pharmacogenetics Research Network and a Developing Alcohol Research Center funded by the NIAAA. He also serves as the Director of the S.C. Johnson Genomics of Addictions Program at the Mayo Clinic and is the author of a new textbook published by Oxford University Press entitled, "Psychiatric Pharmacogenomics".
Dr. Mrazek has received numerous awards including the Simon Wile Award from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the Creativity in Psychiatric Education from the American College of Psychiatry, and the Agnes Purcell McGavin Award for Distinguished Career Achievement in Child Psychiatry from the American Psychiatric Association. He has also served as the Chairman of the Board of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.

List of Contributors vii

Preface xi

Section 1: Developing Competencies.

1a: Contextual Influences upon Social and Emotional Development.

1. Family and Systemic Influences 3
Barbara Maughan

2. Sibling Influences 8
Judy Dunn

3. Culture and Child Development 13
Ruma Bose and Sanjida Sattar

4. Neurobehavioural Development in Infancy 18
Cindy H. Liu and Ed Tronick

5. Genetic and Biological Influences 23
David Skuse

1b: General Patterns of Development.

6. Clinical Evaluation of Development fromBirth to Five Years 32
Ajay Sharma and Tony O'Sullivan

7. Early Social and Emotional Experience Matters: The First Year of Life 41
Howard Steele

8. Language Development 45
Thomas Klee and Stephanie F. Stokes

9. Development of Social Cognition 51
Virginia Slaughter

10. Social and Emotional Development in Middle Childhood 56
Alan Carr

11. Social-Cognitive Development During Adolescence 62
Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

Section 2: Promoting Well-Being.

12. Promoting Infant Mental Health 68
Christine Puckering

13. Promoting Children'sWell-Being 72
Paul Stallard

14. Fostering Resilience in Adolescents 78
Angela Veale

Section 3: Attachment and Separation

15. Attachment Theory: Research and Clinical Implications 85
Pasco Fearon

16. Children Bereaved by Parent or Sibling Death 92
Linda Dowdney

17. Adoption and Fostering 100
Jill Hodges

Section 4: The Impact of Trauma and Maltreatment.

18. Stress and Reactions to Stress in Children 107
Guinevere Tufnell

19. Child Maltreatment 114
Danya Glaser

20. The Neuroscience and Genetics of Childhood Maltreatment 121
Eamon McCrory, Stephane A. De Brito, and Essi Viding

Section 5: Atypical Development.

5a: Infancy and Early Childhood.

21. Feeding and Eating Disorders in Infancy and Childhood 128
Rachel Bryant-Waugh

22. Literacy Disorders 134
Valerie Muter and Margaret J. Snowling

5b: Middle Childhood.

23. Autism Spectrum Disorders 141
Tony Charman

24. Somatization and Somatoform Disorders 147
Elena Garralda

25. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 153
Anita Thapar and Antonio Munoz-Solomando

26. Challenges in Child and Adolescent Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 161
Elaine Chung and Isobel Heyman

27. Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents 169
Aaron Vallance and Elena Garralda

28. Childhood Behavioural Disorders 175
Graeme Lamb

29. Specific Language Impairment 180
Gina Conti-Ramsden and Kevin Durkin

5c: Adolescence.

30. Depression and Suicidal Behaviour in Children and Adolescents 187
Julia Gledhill and Matthew Hodes

31. Eating Disorders in Adolescence 194
Dasha Nicholls

32. Substance Misuse in Young People 201
K.A.H. Mirza, Roshin M. Sudesh, and Sudeshni Mirza

33. Early-Onset Bipolar Disorder 210
Anthony James

34. Emerging Personality Disorder 217
Eileen Vizard

Section 6: Assessment.

35. Diagnostic Classification: Current Dilemmas and Possible Solutions 224
Eric Taylor

36. Paediatric Neuropsychological Assessment I: An Assessment Framework 229
Judith Middleton

37. Paediatric Neuropsychological Assessment II: Domains for Assessment 234
Jane Gilmour and Bettina Hohnen

38. Assessment of Child Psychiatric Disorders 245
Helen Bruce and Navina Evans

39. Psychological Assessment 251
Michael Berger

40. Family Therapy Assessment 255
Alexandra Mary John

Section 7: Approaches to Intervention.

41. Discovering Psychiatric Pharmacogenomics 261
David A. Mrazek

42. CognitiveBehavioural Therapy for Children and Adolescents 265
Cathy Creswell and Thomas G. O'Connor

43. Parenting Programmes for Conduct Problems 271
Stephen Scott and Sajid Humayun

44. Systemic and Family Approaches to Intervention 276
Philip Messent

45. Psychotherapeutic Approaches: A Psychodynamic Perspective 281
Eilis Kennedy

46. Paediatric Psychopharmacology: Special Considerations 286
Paramala J. Santosh and Rakendu Suren

Index 295


Titel: Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Untertitel: Frameworks for Practice
EAN: 9781119993964
ISBN: 978-1-119-99396-4
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley
Genre: Klinische Fächer
Anzahl Seiten: 320
Veröffentlichung: 25.05.2011
Jahr: 2011
Auflage: 2. Aufl.
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 4.0 MB
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