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Problems in Comparative Chinese Dialectology

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This book discusses the methodology of systematic Chinese Dialect classification, with particular attention to the conservative Mi... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This book discusses the methodology of systematic Chinese Dialect classification, with particular attention to the conservative Miin and Hakka groups spoken in southern China. The primary linguistic methodology employed is the historical-comparative method, and the dialects chosen as examples of classification are those spoken in and around the township of Wann'an in western Fukien's Longyan country.

The book features extensive comparative tables of dialect forms, and a two-hundred page appendix outlining the diasystem of the four principal Wann'an dialects.



Inhalt

1. The ideas of Chinese dialect classification
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Dialects and the Chinese idea of dialect
1.3. Goals and methods in classification and comparison
1.4. The primacy of data and the cultivation of data
1.5. Reconstruction
1.6. Under-description and the need for correspondence sets
1.7. Rigor in classification - reinventing the wheel
1.8. Bundling of features
1.9. Beentzhyh and meaningful elicitation
1.10. To recapitulate

2. Wann'an and the problem of this study
2.1. Wann'an township
2.2. The meaning of the names "Hakka" and "Miin"
2.3. The settlement of Wann'an, its geography, and local trades
2.4. Major sites
2.5. Markets and roads
2.6. The problem of this study: Norman's diagnostic rules
2.7. Common Miin initial-types
2.8. The "Shawwuu Hypothesis"

3. Wann'an's affiliation and the cohesiveness of diagnostic features
3.1. The Hakka test
3.2. Comparative Wann'an tones
3.3. The Miin test
3.4. Is Norman's Hakka criterion an artifact of his sources?
3.5. Evidence from rural Liancherng
3.6. Hakka in general
3.7. Conclusions and prospects for further research on Hakka

4. The character of Wann'an dialects
4.1. Other features of Miin
4.2. The classification of Wann'an within Miin
4.3. Subclassification within Coastal Miin
4.4. Conclusion

5. Wann'an evidence about Common Miin
5.1. A fourth nasal initial correspondence
5.2. Rogue nasalization and evidence of voiceless nasals
5.3. The shaang tone glottal stop in Miin
5.4. Addendum: chiuhsheng lengthening?

6. Conclusion: The place of Miin in the greater history of Chinese
6.1. Introduction
6.2. The question of the history of spoken Chinese
6.3. Chinese linguistic macro-history
6.4. The tonal proto-system of Miin
6.5. A digression on the relative date of tone splitting
6.6. Miin as a relic of Chinese before massive palatalization
6.7. Conclusion and hopes for the future

Produktinformationen

Titel: Problems in Comparative Chinese Dialectology
Untertitel: The Classification of Miin and Hakka
Autor:
EAN: 9783110802849
ISBN: 978-3-11-080284-9
Digitaler Kopierschutz: frei
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Gruyter, Walter de GmbH
Genre: Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft
Anzahl Seiten: 477
Veröffentlichung: 20.04.2011
Jahr: 2000
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 63.9 MB
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