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Communities of Violence

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David Nirenberg is the Deborah R. and Edgar D. Jannotta Professor of Medieval History and Social Thought at the University of Chic... Weiterlesen
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David Nirenberg is the Deborah R. and Edgar D. Jannotta Professor of Medieval History and Social Thought at the University of Chicago, where he is also dean of the Division of the Social Sciences and the founding director of the Neubauer Family Collegium for Culture and Society.


David Nirenberg With a new preface by the author


In the wake of modern genocide, we tend to think of violence against minorities as a sign of intolerance, or, even worse, a prelude to extermination. Violence in the Middle Ages, however, functioned differently, according to David Nirenberg. In this provocative book, he focuses on specific attacks against minorities in fourteenth-century France and the Crown of Aragon (Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia). He argues that these attacks--ranging from massacres to verbal assaults against Jews, Muslims, lepers, and prostitutes--were often perpetrated not by irrational masses laboring under inherited ideologies and prejudices, but by groups that manipulated and reshaped the available discourses on minorities. Nirenberg shows that their use of violence expressed complex beliefs about topics as diverse as divine history, kinship, sex, money, and disease, and that their actions were frequently contested by competing groups within their own society.

Nirenberg's readings of archival and literary sources demonstrates how violence set the terms and limits of coexistence for medieval minorities. The particular and contingent nature of this coexistence is underscored by the book's juxtapositions--some systematic (for example, that of the Crown of Aragon with France, Jew with Muslim, medieval with modern), and some suggestive (such as African ritual rebellion with Catalan riots). Throughout, the book questions the applicability of dichotomies like tolerance versus intolerance to the Middle Ages, and suggests the limitations of those analyses that look for the origins of modern European persecutory violence in the medieval past.


Preface to the New Paperback Edition vii
Acknowledgements xvii
Abbreviations xix
Introduction 3
Chapter One The Historical Background 18
Part One Cataclysmic Violence: France and the Crown of Aragon
Chapter Two France, Source of the Troubles: Shepherds' Crusade and Lepers' Plot (1320, 1321) 43
Chapter Three Crusade and Massacre in Aragon (1320) 69
Chapter Four Lepers, Jews, Muslims, and Poison in the Crown (1321) 93
Part Two: Systemic Violence: Power, Sex, and Religion
Chapter Five Sex and Violence between Majority and Minority 127
Chapter Six Minorities Confron Each Other: Violence between Muslims and Jews 166
Chapter Seven The Two Faces of Sacred Violence 200
Epilogue The Black Death and Beyond 231
Bibliography of Works Cited 251
Index 281


Titel: Communities of Violence
Untertitel: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages
EAN: 9781400866236
ISBN: 978-1-4008-6623-6
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Princeton University Press
Genre: Diverses
Anzahl Seiten: 328
Veröffentlichung: 26.05.2015
Jahr: 2015
Untertitel: Englisch
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