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Practical Wastewater Treatment

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Beschreibung

The updated and expanded guide for handling industrial wastes and designing a wastewater treatment plant

The revised and updated second edition of Practical Wastewater Treatment provides a hands-on guide to industrial wastewater treatment theory, practices, and issues. It offers information for the effective design of water and wastewater treatment facilities and contains material on how to handle the wide-variety of industrial wastes. The book is based on a course developed and taught by the author for the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

The author reviews the most current industrial practices and goals, describes how the water industry works, and covers the most important aspects of the industry. In addition, the book explores a wide-range of approaches for managing industrial wastes such as oil, blood, protein and more. A comprehensive resource, the text covers such basic issues as water pollution, wastewater treatment techniques, sampling and measurement, and explores the key topic of biological modeling for designing wastewater treatment plants. This important book:

  • Offers an updated and expanded text for dealing with real-world wastewater problems
  • Contains new chapters on: Reverse Osmosis and desalination; Skin and Membrane Filtration; and Cooling tower water treatment
  • Presents a guide filled with helpful examples and diagrams that is ideal for both professionals and students
  • Includes information for handling industrial wastes and designing water and wastewater treatment plants

Written for civil or chemical engineers and students, Practical Wastewater Treatment offers the information and techniques needed to solve problems of wastewater treatment.



DAVID L. RUSSELL, PE, is an environmental engineer with a background in consulting in the chemical Industry. He has over 50 years of experience including 9 years in the chemical industry for Hooker, IMC Chemical and Allied Chemicals. He was an instructor through the American Institute of Chemical Engineers where he taught courses in Practical Wastewater Treatment and Hazardous Materials and Hazardous Wastes. He also taught many courses in the Middle East.

Autorentext

DAVID L. RUSSELL, PE, is an environmental engineer with a background in consulting in the chemical Industry. He has over 50 years of experience including 9 years in the chemical industry for Hooker, IMC Chemical and Allied Chemicals. He was an instructor through the American Institute of Chemical Engineers where he taught courses in Practical Wastewater Treatment and Hazardous Materials and Hazardous Wastes. He also taught many courses in the Middle East.

Klappentext

THE UPDATED AND EXPANDED GUIDE FOR HANDLING INDUSTRIAL WASTES AND DESIGNING A WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT

The revised and updated second edition of Practical Wastewater Treatment provides a hands-on guide to industrial wastewater treatment theory, practices, and issues. It offers information for the effective design of water and wastewater treatment facilities and contains material on how to handle the wide variety of industrial wastes. The book is based on a course developed and taught by the author for the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

The author presents the latest in practice and techniques, and develops effluent and permit strategies for water measurements. The book also discusses wastewater modeling and reviews various model platform with respect to ease of use and then covers the most important topics in a variety of industrial wastewater problems and discusses the best way to treat those discharges. In addition, the book explores a wide range of approaches for managing industrial wastes such as oil, blood, protein and more. A comprehensive resource, the text covers such basic issues as water pollution, wastewater treatment techniques, sampling and measurement, and explores the key topic of biological modeling for designing wastewater treatment plants. This important book:

  • Offers an updated and expanded text for dealing with real-world wastewater problems
  • Contains new chapters on: Reverse Osmosis and desalination; Skin and Membrane Filtration; and Cooling tower water treatment
  • Presents a guide filled with helpful examples and diagrams that is ideal for both professionals and students
  • Includes information for handling industrial wastes and designing water and wastewater treatment plants

Written for civil or chemical engineers and students, Practical Wastewater Treatment offers the information and techniques needed to solve problems of wastewater treatment.

Zusammenfassung

The updated and expanded guide for handling industrial wastes and designing a wastewater treatment plant

The revised and updated second edition of Practical Wastewater Treatment provides a hands-on guide to industrial wastewater treatment theory, practices, and issues. It offers information for the effective design of water and wastewater treatment facilities and contains material on how to handle the wide-variety of industrial wastes. The book is based on a course developed and taught by the author for the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

The author reviews the most current industrial practices and goals, describes how the water industry works, and covers the most important aspects of the industry. In addition, the book explores a wide-range of approaches for managing industrial wastes such as oil, blood, protein and more. A comprehensive resource, the text covers such basic issues as water pollution, wastewater treatment techniques, sampling and measurement, and explores the key topic of biological modeling for designing wastewater treatment plants. This important book:

  • Offers an updated and expanded text for dealing with real-world wastewater problems
  • Contains new chapters on: Reverse Osmosis and desalination; Skin and Membrane Filtration; and Cooling tower water treatment
  • Presents a guide filled with helpful examples and diagrams that is ideal for both professionals and students
  • Includes information for handling industrial wastes and designing water and wastewater treatment plants

Written for civil or chemical engineers and students, Practical Wastewater Treatment offers the information and techniques needed to solve problems of wastewater treatment.



Inhalt

Acknowledgments xvii

Preface xix

1 Composition, Chemistry, and Regulatory Framework 1

1.1 Water Composition 1

1.2 Water Characteristics and Physical Properties 2

1.2.1 Solubility of Gases in Water 4

1.2.1.1 Nitrogen 4

1.2.2 Henry's Law 6

1.3 Solution Chemistry: Salts and Ions in Water 10

1.4 Disassociation Constants for Weak Acid and Bases 12

1.4.1 Common Minerals Dissolved in Freshwater and Seawater 15

1.5 Sources of Water 16

1.5.1 Groundwater 16

1.5.2 Groundwater Quality 17

1.5.3 Other Principal Contaminants in Groundwater 18

1.5.4 Movement of Groundwater 19

1.6 Analytical Methods 19

1.7 Laboratory Guidance 22

1.8 Regulatory Framework of Water Regulations 24

1.8.1 What Is Quality Water? 24

1.8.2 Water Quality Standards 25

1.8.3 Water Quality Standards in the United States 26

1.8.4 Establishing Water Quality Standards 26

1.8.5 Effluent Standards and Guidance 26

1.8.6 Mixing Zones 27

1.8.7 Discharge Permits 28

1.8.8 US Penalty Policies Enforcement of Permit Conditions 28

1.8.9 Water Quality Discharge Basics in the US 29

1.8.10 How Water Quality Standards Are Established 32

1.8.11 UK Water Effluent Quality Standard 37

1.8.12 EU Water Quality Standards and Effluent Limits 39

1.8.13 Other Water Quality Requirements 40

1.8.13.1 US Primary and Secondary Drinking Water Standards 40

1.8.13.2 WHO Drinking Water Quality Guidelines 43

1.8.13.3 EU Drinking Water Directives 43

1.8.13.4 UK Drinking Water Standards 43

1.9 Water Use Data and Some Discharge Characteristics 43

1.9.1 Water Use by Municipalities 45

1.9.2 Agricultural Water 47

1.9.3 Cooling Water 47

1.9.4 Boiler Water 48

1.9.5 Other Industrial Water Quality Requirements 49

1.9.5.1 Steel Industry 50

1.9.5.2 Paper Industry 50

1.9.5.3 Petrochemical Industry 50

1.9.5.4 Petroleum Exploration and Production Operations 51

Notes 52

2 What is Water Pollution? 59

2.1 Pollution Defined 59

2.2 Chemical Industry 60

2.3 Cooling Towers 63

2.4 Boilers 64

2.5 Iron and Steel Industry 66

2.6 Mining Industries 67

2.7 Fracking for Oil and Gas 68

2.8 Petroleum Exploration 71

2.9 Petroleum Refining 73

2.10 Agricultural and Food Processing 75

2.11 Crop Water Use 75

2.12 Vegetable and Fruit Processing 76

2.13 Animal Farming and Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations 77

2.14 Livestock and Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations 78

2.15 Slaughterhouse and Meat Packing and Processing Wastes 82

2.16 Dairy Wastes 83

2.17 Measuring Pollution 83

2.18 The Sampling Plan 85

2.19 Analytical Methods and the Role of the Laboratory 87

2.19.1 The Analytical Plan 90

2.19.2 The Effects of Pollution on the Environment 90

2.19.3 Oxygen Depletion Biochemical Oxygen Demand 91

2.19.4 Oxygen Uptake in a Stream The Oxygen Sag Equation 93

2.19.5 Biology of Polluted Water 95

2.19.6 Nitrogen 96

2.19.7 Phosphorus 97

Notes 98

3 Groundwater and its Treatment 103

3.1 Hydraulics of Groundwater 104

3.2 Soil Particles and Surface Areas 106

3.3 Well Hydraulics 107

3.4 Well Packing and Screens 109

3.5 Trenches 109

3.5.1 Orifices and Pipe Losses 111

3.6 Compressible Flow 113

3.6.1 Calculation of Expansion Factor 114

3.6.2 Groundwater Hydraulics 115

3.7 Groundwater Treatment 117

Notes 123

4 Statistics of Measurements 125

4.1 Introduction to Statistical Measurements: Background 125

4.2 Significant Figures 126

4.3 Probable Error 127

4.4 Repeat Measurements 128

4.5 Net Process Measurements 129

4.5.1 Calibration 129

4.5.2 How to Measure Your Flow Accurately 130

4.5.2.1 Gurley Current Meter 130

4.6 Statistical Distributions for Environmental Events 133

4.6.1 Weibull Distributions 134

4.7 Black Swans and Data Analysis 135

4.7.1 Black Swans 135

4.7.2 Data Analysis 136

4.7.3 Outliers 136

Notes 137

5 The Flow of Water and Wastewater 139

5.1 Statistical Basis for Error Estimation 139

5.2 Open Channel Hydraulics 140

5.3 Froude Number 147

5.4 Types of Flowmeters 150

5.5 Weir Plates 155

5.6 Alignment Errors 156

5.7 Samples and Sampling 158

5.8 Conclusion 161

Notes 161

6 Troubleshooting and Emergency Planning 163

6.1 Fault Tree Analysis 163

6.2 Reverse Fault Tree Analysis 166

6.2.1 Bow Tie Analysis 166

6.3 Analysis: The Five Whys 168

Produktinformationen

Titel: Practical Wastewater Treatment
Autor:
EAN: 9781119527053
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller: Wiley
Genre: Chemie
Anzahl Seiten: 480
Veröffentlichung: 21.03.2019
Dateigrösse: 11.9 MB