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Earth Environments

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This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topics within undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmenta... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topics within undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmental science, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology.

This text introduces students to the Earth's four key interdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactions between them and environmental change.

Topics covered include: An earth systems model; components systems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenic geological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeography and, aspects of the Earth's Record.

The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in a final chapter which draws together Earth's systems and their evolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environments and various time periods in the geological record.

Throughout the book geological case studies are used in addition to the modern processes.

Autorentext

Professor David Huddart, Professor of Quaternary Geology and Faculty Director of Research and Enterprise, Faculty of Education, Community and Leisure, Liverpool John Moores University, UK.

Dr Tim Stott, Faculty of Education, Community and Leisure, Liverpool John Moores University, UK.



Klappentext
Earth Environments provides a comprehensive introduction to Earth's four key interdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, focusing on their key components, interactions between them and environmental change.

Tailored specifically to undergraduate students, the book is a one-stop textbook for major topics in geosciences, environmental science, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology courses. Topics covered include: atmospheric systems; oceanography; endogenic and exogenic geological systems, biogeography and global environmental change. The impacts of climate and environmental change are integrated in a final summary chapter which draws together earth's systems and their evolution and looks to the future of the planet.

All topics are backed up with a wealth of resources on the book's companion website, featuring case studies and 'new research' boxes, containing summaries based on key journal articles. Learning outcomes and reflective exercises for each chapter lead students effectively throught the individual subject areas.

Key Features:

  • Companion website available at www.wileyeurope.com/college/huddart containing PowerPoint slides of all figures in the book, relevant case studies, Virtual Field Guides, an on-line glossary and further resources for students
  • Emphasis on a broad yet comprehensive and intergrated treatment of past, present and future earth environments and processes
  • Suggested further reading sections for each topic
  • Illustrated in full colour thoughout
  • Includes learning outcomes and reflective exercises throughout to enhance student understanding


Inhalt
Introduction.

Section I Introduction to Earth Systems.

1 Introduction to Earth Systems.

1.1 Introduction to the Earth's formation.

1.2 Introduction to Earth spheres.

1.3 Scales in space and time.

1.4 Systems and feedback.

1.5 Open and closed flow systems.

1.6 Equilibrium in systems.

1.7 Time cycles in systems.

Exercises.

References.

Section II Atmospheric and Ocean Systems.

2 Structure and Composition of the Atmosphere.

2.1 Structure of the atmosphere.

2.2 Composition of the atmosphere.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

3 Energy in the Atmosphere and the Earth Heat Budget.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Solar radiation.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

4 Moisture in the Atmosphere.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 The global hydrological cycle.

4.3 Air stability and instability.

4.4 Clouds.

4.5 Precipitation.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

5 Atmospheric Motion.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Atmospheric pressure.

5.3 Winds and pressure gradients.

5.4 The global pattern of atmospheric circulation.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

6 Weather Systems.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Macroscale synoptic systems.

6.3 Meso-scale: Local winds.

6.4 Microclimates.

6.5 Weather obseravtion and forecasting.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

7 World Climates.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Classification of climate.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

8 Ocean Structure and Circulation Patterns.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Physical structure of the oceans.

8.3 Temperature structure of the oceans.

8.4 Ocean circulation.

8.5 Sea-level change.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

9 Atmospheric Evolution and Climate Change.

9.1 Evolution of the Earth's atmosphere.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

10 Principles of Climate Change.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Evidence for climate change.

10.3 Causes of climate change.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

Section III Endogenic Geological Systems.

11 Earth Materials: Mineralogy, Rocks and the Rock Cycle.

11.1 What is a mineral?

11.2 Rocks and the rock cycle.

11.3 Vulcanicity and igneous rocks.

11.4 Sedimentary rocks, fossils and sedimentary structures.

11.5 Metamorphic rocks.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

12 The Internal Structure of the Earth.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Evidence of the Earth's composition from drilling.

12.3 Evidence of the Earth's composition from volcanoes.

12.4 Evidence of the Earth's composition from meteorites.

12.5 Using earthquake seismic waves as Earth probes.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

13 Plate Tectonics and Volcanism: Processes, Products and Landforms.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Global tectonics: how plates, basins and mountains are created.

13.3 Volcanic processes and the global tectonic model.

13.4 Magma eruption.

13.5 Explosive volcanism.

13.6 Petrographic features of volcaniclastic sediments.

13.7 Transport and deposition of pyroclastic materials.

13.8 The relationship between volcanic processes and the Earth's atmosphere and climate.

13.9 Relationships between volcanic eruptions and biotic evolution.

13.10 Plate tectonics, uniformitarianism and Earth history.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

14 Geotectonics: Processes, Structures and Landforms.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Tectonic structures.

14.3 Tectonic structures as lines of weakness in landscape evolution.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

Section IV Exogenic Geological Systems.

15 Weathering Processes and Products.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Physical or mechanical weathering.

15.3 Chemical weathering.

15.4 Measuring weathering rates.

15.5 Weathering landforms.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

16 Slope Processes and Morphology.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Slopes: mass movement.

16.3 Hillslope hydrology and slope processes.

16.4 Slope morphology and its evolution.

Exercises.

References.

Further reading.

17 Fluvial Processes and Landform-Sediment Assemblages.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Lo...

Produktinformationen

Titel: Earth Environments
Untertitel: Past, Present and Future
Autor:
EAN: 9780470749609
ISBN: 978-0-470-74960-9
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley
Genre: Naturwissenschaft
Anzahl Seiten: 912
Veröffentlichung: 06.04.2010
Jahr: 2010
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 66.7 MB
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