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Disaster Response and Recovery

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Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that mayoccur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergencymanagemen... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that mayoccur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergencymanagement, and the diverse theoretical frameworks from whichpost-disaster activities may be approached.
• Includes updated chapters keeping the material freshand accessible while incorporating recent changes in policy and newresearch
• Highlights lessons learned from such incidents andcatastrophes as: Hurricane Katrina, Earthquake in Haiti, Parkinglot collapse in Miami, West Texas industrial explosion, Train wreckin Spain, Aurora movie shooting, Times Square bombing, etc.
• Examines typical challenges to be expected duringresponse efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance theability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimizedisruption
• Includes an instructor package which contains: Sample Syllabus, Teaching Suggestions, Test bank, and PowerPoints

David McEntire is a Professor in the Emergency Administration andPlanning Program (EADP) in the Department of Public Administrationat the University of North Texas.  He teaches emergencymanagement courses in both the undergraduate and graduate programs.Dr. McEntire has written extensively on emergency management andhas been recognized by peers as the recipient of the BlanchardAward for Academic Excellence in Emergency Management HigherEducation.

Autorentext
David McEntire is a Professor in the Emergency Administration and Planning Program (EADP) in the Department of Public Administration at the University of North Texas. He teaches emergency management courses in both the undergraduate and graduate programs. Dr. McEntire has written extensively on emergency management and has been recognized by peers as the recipient of the Blanchard Award for Academic Excellence in Emergency Management Higher Education.

Klappentext

Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that may occur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergency management, and the diverse theoretical frameworks from which post-disaster activities may be approached

The second edition of Disaster Response and Recovery updates the popular previous edition of this book keeping the material fresh and accessible and incorporates recent changes in policy and new research. The book examines typical challenges to be expected during response efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance the ability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimize disruption through multi-organizational preparedness, coordination and improvisation.

Written by a leading expert in the field, Disaster Response and Recovery, Second Edition features:

  • Updated chapters keeping the material fresh and accessible while incorporating recent changes in policy and new research
  • Typical challenges to be expected during response efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance the ability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimize disruption
  • Evaluation and assessment tools such as: Summary Questions, Review Questions, Applying this Chapter, You try questions, and Pre-Post-Post-test
  • An instructor package which contains: Sample Syllabus, Teaching Suggestions, Test bank, and PowerPoints

Disaster Response and Recovery also includes strategies to facilitate the revitalization of affected communities while also incorporating vital mitigation measures to reduce future vulnerability. It highlights recent lessons learned from such incidents and catastrophes as: Hurricane Katrina, Earthquake in Haiti, Parking lot collapse in Miami, West Texas industrial explosion, Train wreck in Spain, Aurora movie shooting, Times Square bombing, etc.



Inhalt

About the Author xiv

Foreword xvi

Preface xviii

Acknowledgments xxi

1 Knowing What to Expect 1

1.1 The Occurrence of Disasters 2

1.1.1 Important Concepts 3

1.1.2 Preview of Disaster Response and Recovery 6

1.2 Types of Hazards 7

1.2.1 Natural Hazards 8

1.2.2 Atmospheric Hazards 8

1.2.3 Geological Hazards 13

1.2.4 Hydrologic Hazards 14

1.2.5 Seismic and Volcanic Hazards 16

1.2.6 Wildfire Hazards 19

1.2.7 Biological Hazards 19

1.3 Technological Hazards 20

1.3.1 Industrial Hazards 20

1.3.2 Environmental Hazards 21

1.3.3 Nuclear Hazards 22

1.3.4 Structural Collapse Hazards 22

1.3.5 Computer Hazards 23

1.3.6 Transportation Hazards 24

1.4 Civil/Conflict Hazards 26

1.4.1 Mass Shootings 26

1.4.2 Panic Flight 27

1.4.3 Riots 28

1.4.4 Terrorism 29

1.4.5 War 30

1.5 The Complexity and Impact of Disasters 31

1.5.1 The Nature of Disasters 32

1.5.2 Changes Associated with Disasters 33

1.5.3 The Need for Response and Recovery Operations 34

2 Understanding the Actors 44

2.1 The Public Sector 45

2.1.1 Local Government 45

2.1.2 County and Regional Governments 48

2.1.3 State Government 49

2.1.4 Federal Government 52

2.1.5 Tribal Government 56

2.2 The Private Sector 58

2.2.1 Emergency and Long-Term Medical Care 58

2.2.2 Sheltering and Housing 59

2.2.3 Media Reporting 59

2.2.4 Volunteers and Donations 59

2.2.5 Insurance Settlements 59

2.2.6 Utility Restoration and Community Reconstruction 60

2.2.7 Business Continuity 61

2.2.8 Transportation 61

2.2.9 Vending of Goods and Services 62

2.3 The Nonprofit Sector 62

2.3.1 The Red Cross 63

2.3.2 Faith-Based Organizations 64

2.3.3 Community Groups 65

2.4 Citizen and Emergent Groups 66

2.5 Working with Different Groups and the Whole Community 69

3 Anticipating Human Behavior in Disasters 79

3.1 The Impact of Hollywood and The Media 80

3.1.1 Hollywood 80

3.1.2 The Media 81

3.2 Research on Myths 82

3.3 Evidence of Exaggeration 87

3.4 Realities about Response and Recovery 91

3.5 The Importance of Understanding Behavior Correctly 96

4 Recognizing Alternative Management Approaches 104

4.1 The Traditional Model 105

4.1.1 Features of the Traditional Model 107

4.1.2 Strengths of Traditional Model 109

4.1.3 Weaknesses of Traditional Model 112

4.2 The Professional Model 114

4.2.1 Features of the Professional Model 115

4.2.2 Strengths of the Professional Model 116

4.2.3 Weaknesses of Professional Model 118

4.3 Comparison of The Models 120

5 Implementing Initial Response Measures 127

5.1 Hazard Detection 128

5.1.1 Initial Steps 131

5.2 Issuing Warnings 135

5.2.1 Types of Warning Systems 137

5.2.2 Warning Considerations 140

5.3 Evacuation 142

5.3.1 Means of Evacuation 143

5.3.2 Evacuation Behavior 144

5.3.3 Evacuation Considerations 146

5.3.4 Evacuation Procedures 148

5.4 Sheltering 149

5.4.1 Sheltering Types 150

5.4.2 Shelter Use and Characteristics 151

5.4.3 Working with Others to Establish and Manage

Shelters 152

6 Caring for the Injured, Dead, and Distraught 163

6.1 Search and Rescue Operations 164

6.1.1 Types of SAR 164

6.1.2 Human Behavior in SAR Operations 165

6.1.3 Issues to Consider When Carrying Out SAR 166

6.1.4 Professional USAR Teams 168

6.1.5 Conducting SAR Operations 170

6.2 Emergency Medical Care and Triage 173

6.2.1 Treating the Injured 174

6.2.2 Triage 177

6.2.3 Disaster Medical Assistance Teams 179

6.3 Mass Fatality Management 181

6.3.1 Mass Fatality Incidents and Their Challenges 183

6.3.2 Responding to Mass Fatality Incidents 184

6.3.3 Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Teams 186

6.4 Stress Management 189

6.4.1 Vulnerability to PTSD/CIS 189

6.4.2 Common Signs of PTSD/CIS 191

6.4.3 Overcoming Ptsd/Cis 191

6.4.4 The Merit of Defusings and Debriefings 194

7 Managing Public Information, Donations, and Volunteers 204

7.1 The Media and Disasters 205

7.1.1 Types of Media 205

7.1.2 Challenges Associated with the Media 207

7.1.3 Strategies for Working with the Media 210

7.2 Dealing with Donations 213

7.2.1 Challenges Resulting from Donations 215

7.2.2 Recommendations for Donations Management 220

7.3 Volunteer Management 223

7.3.1 Difficulties Associated with Volunteers 224

7.3.2 Strategies for Volunteer Manag...

Produktinformationen

Titel: Disaster Response and Recovery
Untertitel: Strategies and Tactics for Resilience
Autor:
EAN: 9781118673065
ISBN: 978-1-118-67306-5
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley
Genre: Sonstiges
Anzahl Seiten: 560
Veröffentlichung: 02.02.2015
Jahr: 2015
Auflage: 2. Aufl.
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 19.5 MB