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Forensic Psychology

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Updated to reflect recent changes in the field, the 2nd Edition of Forensic Psychology presents a comprehensive overview of forens... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Updated to reflect recent changes in the field, the 2nd Edition of Forensic Psychology presents a comprehensive overview of forensic psychology and its applications in the civil and criminal justice systems of the UK.

  • Builds on the first edition to convey material in an engaging manner to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in psychology
  • Includes a significant expansion of pedagogical features, including text boxes highlighting key seminar issues and key debates in the field to further group discussion
  • Provides an up-to-date summary of emerging evidence in the field, and its implications for evidence based practice
  • Points to additional online learning resources at the conclusion of each chapter


David A. Crighton is a Consultant Psychologist and Honorary Professor of Forensic Psychology at Durham University UK. He is co-author of Psychology in Prisons, 2/e (2008).
Graham J. Towl is Pro Vice Chancellor, Deputy Warden and Professor of Forensic Psychology at Durham University UK. He is the editor of Psychological Research in Prisons (2006) and co-author of Psychology in Prisons, 2/e (2008).

Autorentext
David A. Crighton is a Consultant Psychologist and Honorary Professor of Forensic Psychology at Durham University UK. He is co-author of Psychology in Prisons, 2/e (2008).

Graham J. Towl is Pro Vice Chancellor, Deputy Warden and Professor of Forensic Psychology at Durham University UK. He is the editor of Psychological Research in Prisons (2006) and co-author of Psychology in Prisons, 2/e (2008).

Klappentext

Forensic psychology is playing an increasingly important role in legal systems internationally. Updated to reflect recent changes in this rapidly growing discipline, the new edition of Forensic Psychology presents a comprehensive overview of all facets of forensic psychology and its applications in the civil and criminal justice systems of the UK. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, chapters provide in-depth coverage of the intellectual foundations of the field, striking a careful balance between theory, experimental research, and applied practice across core areas of forensic psychology. This new edition also includes several carefully developed pedagogical features (significantly expanded from the first edition) to clarify content under discussion. These include bulleted chapter summaries and separate text boxes highlighting seminar issues and key debates in the field designed to stimulate further discussion.

Combining authoritative scholarship with an unprecedented breadth of coverage, the second edition of Forensic Psychology represents an essential resource to all aspects of contemporary forensic and criminal psychology.



Zusammenfassung
Updated to reflect recent changes in the field, the 2nd Edition of Forensic Psychology presents a comprehensive overview of forensic psychology and its applications in the civil and criminal justice systems of the UK.

  • Builds on the first edition to convey material in an engaging manner to postgraduate students in psychology
  • Includes a significant expansion of pedagogical features, including text boxes highlighting key seminar issues and key debates in the field to further group discussion
  • Provides an up-to-date summary of emerging evidence in the field, and its implications for evidence based practice
  • Points to additional online learning resources at the conclusion of each chapter


Inhalt

List of Contributors xix

1 Introduction 1
Graham J. Towl and David A. Crighton

Justice 2

Expert Controversies 3

Thinking about Human Rights and Ethics 4

Developmental Perspectives 5

Investigation and Prosecution Issues 8

Psychological Assessment 8

Critical Psychology 9

Substance Use 11

Early Intervention 11

Justice Restored 12

References 12

PART I Investigative Practic e 15

2 The Justice System in England and Wales: A Case Study 17
David Faulkner

What Justice Means 17

The Criminal Justice System 17

What is a Crime? 18

Measurement of Crime 19

The Criminal Justice Process 19

The Sentencing Framework 21

The Criminal Courts 22

Police and Policing 23

The Crown Prosecution Service 24

Prisons and the Prison Service 24

Probation 25

Youth Justice 25

Home Office 26

Ministry of Justice 26

Law Officers 27

Other National Bodies 27

Some Special Subjects 27

Conclusions 29

Notes 29

Further Reading 30

References 30

3 Offender Profiling 33
David A. Crighton

Introduction 33

Historical Development 33

Approaches to Offender Profiling 35

Recent Developments 36

Profiling Databases 37

The Evidence Base for Profiling 37

Practice Issues 40

Conclusions 41

Notes 42

Further Reading 42

References 42

4 Eyewitness Testimony 45
Lorraine Hope

Eyewitness Identification Performance 45

The Witnessed Event 46

Between the Witnessed Event and Identification Task 49

Intermediate Recognition Tasks 50

Identifications from CCTV 53

Procedural Guidelines Relating to Suspect Identification in the United Kingdom 55

The Eyewitness in Court 56

Conclusions 57

Further Reading 57

References 58

5 Jury Decision?]Making 65
Andreas Kapardis

Introduction: The Jury Idea 65

The Notion of an Impartial and Fair Jury: A Critical Appraisal 66

Methods for Studying Juries/Jurors 67

Selecting Jurors 68

Pre-Trial Publicity 69

Juror Competence 70

Hung Juries 73

Models of Jury Decision?]Making 73

Reforming the Jury to Remedy Some of its Problems 73

Alternatives to Trial by Jury 73

Conclusions 74

Notes 74

Further Reading 75

References 75

6 Assessment 81
David A. Crighton

Conceptual Issues in Assessment 81

Assessment 84

Data Gathering 88

Data Analysis 90

Clinical Judgements and Biases 92

Conclusions 93

Notes 94

Further Reading 94

References 94

7 Risk Assessment 97
David A. Crighton

Key Legal Issues 97

Key Principles in Risk Assessment 98

Risk Assessment Instruments 100

Critical Issues in Risk Assessment 103

Conclusions 107

Notes 108

Further Reading 108

References 109

PART II Working with Offending Populati ons 113

8 The Developmental Evidence Base: Neurobiological Research and Forensic Applications 115
Robert A. Schug, Yu Gao, Andrea L. Glenn, Melissa Peskin, Yaling Yang and Adrian Raine

The Developmental Evidence Base: Neurobiological Research 115

Genetics 116

Neuroimaging 116

Neurology 118

Neuropsychology 119

Psychophysiology 121

Endocrinology 123

Moral Development 124

Nutrition 124

Forensic Applications of Developmental Neurobiological Research 125

Conclusions 128

Further Reading 129

References 129

9 The Developmental Evidence Base: Prevention 141
David P. Farrington

Introduction 141

Family?]Based Prevention 143

School?]Based Prevention 145

Peer Programmes 148

Skills Training 149

Communities that Care 150

Recent UK Developments 151

Conclusions 152

Further Reading 154

References 154

10 The Developmental Evidence Base: Psychosocial Research 161
David P. Farrington

Introduction 161

Individual Factors 163

Family Factors 166

Social Factors 171

School Influences 172

Community Influences 173

Conclusions 174

Further Reading 174

References 175

11 The Developmental Evidence Base: Desistance 183
Lila Kazemian and David P. Farrington

Current State of Knowledge on Desistance 183

Unresolved Issues in Desistance Research 190

Conclusions 193

Further Reading 194

References 194

12 Crisis Negotiation 201
David A. Crighton

Produktinformationen

Titel: Forensic Psychology
Autor:
EAN: 9781118760345
ISBN: 978-1-118-76034-5
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley-Blackwell
Genre: Psychologie
Anzahl Seiten: 488
Veröffentlichung: 23.02.2015
Jahr: 2015
Auflage: 2. Aufl.
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 9.2 MB
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