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Free Market Criminal Justice

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  • 248 Seiten
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Free Market Criminal Justice explains how faith in democratic politics and free markets has undermined the rule of law in US crim... Weiterlesen
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Free Market Criminal Justice explains how faith in democratic politics and free markets has undermined the rule of law in US criminal process. America's unique political development, characterized by skepticism of government power, has restrained the state's role not only in the economic realm but also in key parts of its criminal justice systems. From charging decisions through trials or guilty pleas and appeals, legal safeguards against bias, wrongful convictions, and excessive punishment rely more on politics and laissez-faire economic ideas than on enforceable rules and duties. Prosecutorial discretion is checked not by legal standards but by popular elections, and plea bargaining law is wholly built on a faith in unregulated markets-in contrast to the systems in other common law countries that also have neoliberal economies, adversarial process, and high guilty plea rates. This book argues that democratic and market ideas have led to more partisan prosecutors, narrower duties of evidence disclosure, and to a right to defense counsel that carefully accommodates preexisting wealth inequalities. Most important, democratic and market values have diminished the responsibility of judges-and of the state itself-for the accuracy and integrity of court judgments. Paradoxically, skepticism of government has expanded state power, reduced checks on executive officials, marginalized juries, and contributed to record incarceration rates. In contrast to recent arguments for re-invigorating democracy in criminal process, Free Market Criminal Justice argues that, to strengthen the rule of law, US criminal justice needs less democracy, fewer market mechanisms, and more law.


Darryl K. Brown is the O. M. Vicars Professor of Law at the University of Virginia, and the E. James Kelly, Jr. Class of 1965 Research Professor of Law. He specializes in the teaching of criminal law, criminal adjudication, and evidence. Previously, he was the Class of 1958 Alumni Professor of Law at Washington and Lee University School of Law. Professor Brown has held visiting scholar appointments at the Criminology Centre and the Rothermere American Institute of Oxford University, and served as a visiting professor on the University of Georgia, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Münster (Germany) law faculties.


Acknowledgments 1: Introduction--Justice in a Minimal State 2: Criminal Justice and Democracy 3: Criminal Justice by the Invisible Hand 4: The Free Market Law of Plea Bargaining 5: Private Responsibility for Criminal Judgments 6: The High Cost of Efficiency 7: Criminal Justice and the Security State 8: Epilogue--The American Way of Criminal Process Endnotes Index


Titel: Free Market Criminal Justice
Untertitel: How Democracy and Laissez Faire Undermine the Rule of Law
EAN: 9780190457884
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller: Oxford University Press
Genre: Recht
Anzahl Seiten: 248
Veröffentlichung: 22.12.2015
Dateigrösse: 17.8 MB