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A New Introduction to Islam

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Covering the origins, key features, and legacy of the Islamic tradition, the third edition of A New Introduction to Islam includes... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Covering the origins, key features, and legacy of the Islamic tradition, the third edition of A New Introduction to Islam includes new material on Islam in the 21st century and discussions of the impact of historical ideas, literature, and movements on contemporary trends.

  • Includes updated and rewritten chapters on the Qur'an and hadith literature that covers important new academic research
  • Compares the practice of Islam in different Islamic countries, as well as acknowledging the differences within Islam as practiced in Europe
  • Features study questions for each chapter and more illustrative material, charts, and excerpts from primary sources


Daniel Brown is the Director of the Institute for the Study of Religion in the Middle East (ISRME) and the author of Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought (1999). His interests include modern Muslim intellectual history, Hadith studies, and Muslim-Christian relations. He is the editor of the forthcoming Wiley Blackwell Companion to the Hadith.

Autorentext

Daniel Brown is the Director of the Institute for the Study of Religion in the Middle East (ISRME) and the author of Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought (1999). His interests include modern Muslim intellectual history, Hadith studies, and Muslim-Christian relations. He is the editor of the forthcoming Wiley Blackwell Companion to the Hadith.



Klappentext

This third edition of the highly successful, A New Introduction to Islam, provides a comprehensive exploration of the origins, key features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Exploring the Islamic tradition around the world, it discusses and compares the development of Muslim beliefs and practices in North Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and Southeast Asia, as well as the spread of Islam to Europe and the Americas, placing each within its social and cultural context.

This edition builds on its appeal to students in a number of ways, including the addition of important recent scholarship on Islamic origins the life of Muhammad, the Qur'an, and the hadith literature which is covered extensively in thoroughly revised chapters. Contemporary trends are discussed as they relate to the intellectual history of Islam, including explorations of Apocalypticism and Salafism.

For students, this new edition features study questions and "resources for further study" for each chapter. The primary text has been supplemented with more illustrative material, charts, and excerpts from primary sources. With increased coverage of current events and Islam's relationship to the world, the third edition of A New Introduction to Islam is a critical resource for today's students.

Inhalt
List of Illustrations xi

Preface to the Third Edition xv

Source Acknowledgments xvii

Part I The Formation of the Islamic Tradition 1

1 Islam in Global Perspective 3

The Problem of Defining Islam 3

Mapping the Islamic World 5

Arabs and Non-Arabs 9

Sunnis and Shi?ites 10

Islamic Ritual 11

What to Expect from This Book 14

Essential Resources for the Study of Islam 16

Questions for Study and Discussion 17

2 Arabia 19

Geography 19

Pre-Islamic Poetry 21

Arab Religion 25

Women in Pre-Islamic Arabia 27

Mecca and the Quraysh 28

The Gifts of the Arabs 31

Resources for Further Study 34

Questions for Study and Discussion 35

3 The Pre-Islamic Near East 37

Christianity in the Near East 39

Saints and Relics 45

Zoroastrianism 46

Judaism 47

Manichaeism 49

Mazdak 49

The Place of the Arabs in the Near East 50

Chronology of the Near East of Late Antiquity 52

Resources for Further Study 53

Questions for Study and Discussion 54

4 The Life of Muhammad 55

Prologue and Setting 56

Birth and Childhood 57

Early Adulthood 59

The Beginning of Revelation 61

Opposition 63

The Night Journey and Ascent to Heaven 65

The Hijra 66

The Battle of Badr 68

Confrontation with the Jews of Medina 69

The Battle of Uh. ud 70

The Peace of al-H. udaybiya and the Farewell Pilgrimage 72

Evaluation 73

Resources for Further Study 74

Questions for Study and Discussion 75

5 The Qur?an 77

The Qur?an in Modern Imagination 77

The History of the Text 79

The Language of the Qur?an 84

The Context of the Qur?an 87

Jesus in the Qur?an 88

The Qur?an in Muslim Piety 90

The Eternity of the Qur?an 91

The Inimitability of the Qur?an 93

Interpreting the Qur?an 94

Central Themes 95

Qur?anic Narratives 96

Qur?anic Law and the Problem of Abrogation 97

Women and Gender in the Qur?an 98

Qur?an, S¯ýra, and Hadith 99

Resources for Further Study 99

Questions for Study and Discussion 100

6 The Tradition Literature 103

The Science of Hadith 104

The Origins of the Hadith 108

In Quest of the Historical Muhammad 111

The S¯ýra and the Shaping of an Islamic Worldview 115

Resources for Further Study 119

Questions for Study and Discussion 120

Part II The Expansion of Islam 121

7 The Conquests 123

Psychological Impact 127

Archeological Data: The Invisible Conquests 129

Resources for Further Study 131

Questions for Study and Discussion 132

8 Religion of Empire 133

Early Arab Administration 134

Conversion to Islam 137

Leadership 138

The First Civil War 139

The Martyrdom ofH. usayn 140

The Deputy of God 141

Personal Piety 142

The Dome of the Rock 144

The Constitution of Medina 149

Resources for Further Study 151

Questions for Study and Discussion 151

9 The Caliphate 153

Ibn al-Muqaffa? 153

The Shi?ite Vision 156

The ?Abbasids 158

Twelvers 159

Ism¯a?¯ýl¯ýs 160

Niz¯ ar¯ý Assassins 161

Kharijites 163

The Sasanian Revival 164

Al-M¯award¯ý and the Sunni Compromise 166

Resources for Further Study 169

Questions for Study and Discussion 170

Part III Islamic Institutions 171

10 Islamic Law 173

The Coffee Debate 173

Revelation and Reason 175

Qiy¯ as 176

The Schools of Law 177

Islamic Law and the State 179

Ijm¯a? 180

The U.su¯ l al-Fiqh 181

The Substance of the Law 183

Ritual Purity 184

Acts of Worship 185

Marriage and Divorce 186

The Origins of Islamic Law 189

Al-Sh¯afi?¯ý and Islamic Legal Theory 189

Resources for Further Study 192

Questions for Study and Discussion 193

11 Islamic Theology and Philosophy 195

Freedom and Determinism 196

God's Attributes 198

Anthropomorphism 200

Faith and Works 200

Leadership 203

The Sunni Consensus 203

Ah. mad ibnH. anbal 204

Al-Ash?ar¯ý 205

Kal¯am 206

Al-M¯ atur¯ýd¯ý and other Alternatives to Ash?arite Kal¯am 208

Jewish and Christian Influences 209

The Challenge of Philosophy 210

Prophecy and Revelation in Islamic Philosophy 212

Philosophy and Mysticism 215

Resources for Further Study 216

Questions for Study and Discussion 217

12 Sufism 219

The Parliament of Birds 219

Stages on the Path 221

The Spiritual Maste...

Produktinformationen

Titel: A New Introduction to Islam
Autor:
EAN: 9781118953488
ISBN: 978-1-118-95348-8
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley-Blackwell
Genre: Weitere Religionen
Anzahl Seiten: 432
Veröffentlichung: 13.02.2017
Jahr: 2017
Auflage: Third Edition
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 12.7 MB
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