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Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations

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A self-contained introduction to the methods and techniques of symmetry analysis used to solve ODEs and PDEsSymmetry Analysis of D... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

A self-contained introduction to the methods and techniques of symmetry analysis used to solve ODEs and PDEs
Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations: An Introduction presents an accessible approach to the uses of symmetry methods in solving both ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs). Providing comprehensive coverage, the book fills a gap in the literature by discussing elementary symmetry concepts and invariance, including methods for reducing the complexity of ODEs and PDEs in an effort to solve the associated problems.
Thoroughly class-tested, the author presents classical methods in a systematic, logical, and well-balanced manner. As the book progresses, the chapters graduate from elementary symmetries and the invariance of algebraic equations, to ODEs and PDEs, followed by coverage of the nonclassical method and compatibility. Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations: An Introduction also features:

  • Detailed, step-by-step examples to guide readers through the methods of symmetry analysis
  • End-of-chapter exercises, varying from elementary to advanced, with select solutions to aid in the calculation of the presented algorithmic methods

Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations: An Introduction is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in symmetry methods and applied mathematics. The book is also a useful reference for professionals in science, physics, and engineering, as well as anyone wishing to learn about the use of symmetry methods in solving differential equations.

 

DANIEL J. ARRIGO, PhD, is Professor in the Department ofMathematics at the University of Central Arkansas. The author ofover 30 journal articles, his research interests include theconstruction of exact solutions of PDEs; symmetry analysis ofnonlinear PDEs; and solutions to physically important equations,such as nonlinear heat equations and governing equations modelingof granular materials and nonlinear elasticity. In 2008, Dr. Arrigoreceived the Oklahoma-Arkansas Section of the MathematicalAssociation of America’s Award for Distinguished Teaching ofCollege or University Mathematics.



Autorentext

DANIEL J. ARRIGO, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Central Arkansas. The author of over 30 journal articles, his research interests include the construction of exact solutions of PDEs; symmetry analysis of nonlinear PDEs; and solutions to physically important equations, such as nonlinear heat equations and governing equations modeling of granular materials and nonlinear elasticity. In 2008, Dr. Arrigo received the Oklahoma-Arkansas Section of the Mathematical Association of America's Award for Distinguished Teaching of College or University Mathematics.

Klappentext

A SELF-CONTAINED INTRODUCTION TO THE METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF SYMMETRY ANALYSIS USED TO SOLVE ODEs AND PDEs

Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations: An Introduction presents an accessible approach to the uses of symmetry methods in solving both ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs). Providing comprehensive coverage, the book fills a gap in the literature by discussing elementary symmetry concepts and invariance, including methods for reducing the complexity of ODEs and PDEs in an effort to solve the associated problems.

Thoroughly class-tested, the author presents classical methods in a systematic, logical, and well-balanced manner. As the book progresses, the chapters graduate from elementary symmetries and the invariance of algebraic equations, to ODEs and PDEs, followed by coverage of the nonclassical method and compatibility. Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations: An Introduction also features:

  • Detailed, step-by-step examples to guide readers through the methods of symmetry analysis
  • End-of-chapter exercises, varying from elementary to advanced, with select solutions to aid in the calculation of the presented algorithmic methods

Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations: An Introduction is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in symmetry methods and applied mathematics. The book is also a useful reference for professionals in science, physics, and engineering, as well as anyone wishing to learn about the use of symmetry methods in solving differential equations.

Inhalt

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

1 An Introduction 1

1.1 What is a Symmetry? 1

1.2 Lie Groups 4

1.3 Invariance of Differential Equations 6

1.4 Some Ordinary Differential Equations 8

Exercises 12

2 Ordinary Differential Equations 15

2.1 Infinitesimal Transformations 19

2.2 Lie's Invariance Condition 23

Exercises 27

2.3 Standard Integration Techniques 28

2.3.1 Linear Equations 28

2.3.2 Bernoulli Equation 30

2.3.3 Homogeneous Equations 31

2.3.4 Exact Equations 32

2.3.5 Riccati Equations 35

Exercises 37

2.4 Infinitesimal Operator and Higher Order Equations 38

2.4.1 The Infinitesimal Operator 38

2.4.2 The Extended Operator 39

2.4.3 Extension to Higher Orders 40

2.4.4 First-Order Infinitesimals (revisited) 40

2.4.5 Second-Order Infinitesimals 41

2.4.6 The Invariance of Second-Order Equations 42

2.4.7 Equations of arbitrary order 43

2.5 Second-Order Equations 43

Exercises 55

2.6 Higher Order Equations 56

Exercises 61

2.7 ODE Systems 61

2.7.1 First Order Systems 61

2.7.2 Higher Order Systems 67

Exercises 71

3 Partial Differential Equations 73

3.1 First-Order Equations 73

3.1.1 What Do We Do with the Symmetries of PDEs? 77

3.1.2 Direct Reductions 80

3.1.3 The Invariant Surface Condition 83

Exercises 84

3.2 Second-Order PDEs 84

3.2.1 Heat Equation 84

3.2.2 Laplace's Equation 91

3.2.3 Burgers' Equation and a Relative 94

3.2.4 Heat Equation with a Source 100

Exercises 107

3.3 Higher Order PDEs 109

Exercises 115

3.4 Systems of PDEs 115

3.4.1 First-Order Systems 115

3.4.2 Second-Order Systems 120

Exercises 124

3.5 Higher Dimensional PDEs 126

Exercises 132

4 Nonclassical Symmetries and Compatibility 133

4.1 Nonclassical Symmetries 133

4.1.1 Invariance of the Invariant Surface Condition 135

4.1.2 The Nonclassical Method 137

4.2 Nonclassical Symmetry Analysis and Compatibility 146

4.3 Beyond Symmetries AnalysisGeneral Compatibility 147

4.3.1 Compatibility with First-Order PDEsCharpit's Method 149

4.3.2 Compatibility of Systems 157

4.3.3 Compatibility of the Nonlinear Heat Equation 159

Exercises 160

4.4 Concluding Remarks 161

Solutions 163

References 171

Index 175

Produktinformationen

Titel: Symmetry Analysis of Differential Equations
Untertitel: An Introduction
Autor:
EAN: 9781118721650
ISBN: 978-1-118-72165-0
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (epub)
Herausgeber: Wiley
Genre: Analysis
Anzahl Seiten: 192
Veröffentlichung: 30.01.2015
Jahr: 2015
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 8.8 MB
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