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Polymer Characterization

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Discerning the properties of polymers and polymer-based materials requires a good understanding of characterization. This revised... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Discerning the properties of polymers and polymer-based materials requires a good understanding of characterization. This revised and updated text provides a comprehensive survey of characterization methods within its simple, concise chapters. Polymer Characterization: Physical Techniques, provides an overview of a wide variety of characterization methods, which makes it an excellent textbook and reference. It starts with a description of basic polymer science, providing a solid foundation from which to understand the key physical characterization techniques. The authors explain physical principles without heavy theory and give special emphasis to the application of the techniques to polymers, with plenty of illustrations. Topics covered include molecular weight determination, molecular and structural characterization by spectroscopic techniques, morphology and structural characterization by microscopy and diffraction, and thermal analysis. This edition contains a new chapter on surface analysis as well as some revised problems and solutions. The concise treatment of each topic offers even those with little prior knowledge of the subject an accessible source to relevant, simple descriptions in a well-organized format.



Inhalt

INTRODUCTION: PRELIMINARY SURVEY
The Purpose of Characterization
Molecular Architecture
Amorphous Polymers
Crystallizing Polymers
Survey of Characterization Techniques
References
Further Reading MOLECULAR MASS DETERMINATION
Introduction
Primary Methods
Secondary Methods
Other Methods
Conclusions
Further Reading
Exercises
INTRODUCTION TO SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES
General Remarks
Strategy in Spectroscopic Studies
Energy Level Calculations
Properties of Electromagnetic Radiation
Double Beam Optics
Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
References ULTRAVIOLET-VISIBLE SPECTROSCOPY
Introduction
Instrumentation
Theoretical Estimation of Electronic Energy Levels
Application to Polymers
References
VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY: INFRARED AND RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY
Fundamentals of Vibrational Spectroscopy
Experimental Techniques
Applications to Polymers
Raman Analysis
Near-Infrared (NIR)
Conclusions
References
NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
Introduction
Principles of Magnetic Resonance
Experimental Techniques
Applications of NMR to Polymers
NMR of Polymers in the Solid State
Two-Dimensional NMR
NMR Imaging
Conclusions
References
Exercises ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
Introduction
Basic Theory
Experimental Considerations
Polymerization Studies
Radiation Effects in Polymers
Mechanical Degradation
Thermal Degradation
Relaxation Studies
ESR Imaging
Conclusions
Further Reading
Exercises XRAY DIFFRACTION
Introduction
Generation and Properties of X-rays
Diffraction Theory
Practical Aspects
Applications to Polymer Characterization
Conclusions
References
Further Reading
Exercises
TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND DIFFRACTION
Introduction
Layout of the TEM
Resolution Limitation
Electron Diffraction
Image Contrast
Operating Conditions and Procedures for Beam-sensitive Materials
Polymer Studies in TEM
Multiple Dark Field Imaging
Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM)
References
Further Reading
Exercises SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
Introduction
Design and Operation of the SEM
Observation of Polymers in the SEM
Examples of SEM Applications with Polymers
Conclusions
Further Reading
Exercises LIGHT OPTICAL TECHNIQUES
Introduction
Refractive Index
Birefringence
Light Microscopy
Small Angle Light Scattering
References
Further Reading
Advanced Reading
Exercises THERMAL ANALYSIS
Introduction
Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
Thermomechanical Analysis
Thermogravimetric Analysis
Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis
Dielectric Thermal Analysis (DETA)
References
DENSITY, SURFACE PROPERTIES AND NEUTRON DIFFRACTION
Density
Surface Analysis of Polymeric Materials
Chemical Analysis of the Polymer Surface
Surface Probe or Scanning Tip Microscopy
Neutron Scattering Studies
References
Further Reading
Exercises MULTIPLE CHARACTERIZATION APPLICATIONS
The Structure of a Spherulite
Skin-core Characterization in Moulded Polymers
Weathering of Polymers
Particular Studies
Conclusions
References
THEORETICAL PREDICTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS
Introduction
Types of Approach Available for Modelling Polymer Physical Properties
Molecular Based Structural Additivity Calculations
Ab initio Calculations of Polymeric Properties
References
APPENDIX
INDEX

Produktinformationen

Titel: Polymer Characterization
Untertitel: Physical Techniques, 2nd Edition
Autor:
EAN: 9781351991131
ISBN: 978-1-351-99113-1
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (epub)
Herausgeber: Crc Press
Genre: Technik
Anzahl Seiten: 481
Veröffentlichung: 21.12.2017
Jahr: 2017
Untertitel: Englisch