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Iron Oxides

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This handbook and ready reference covers all important aspects of the information available on iron oxides. A preliminary overvie... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This handbook and ready reference covers all important aspects of the information available on iron oxides.
A preliminary overview chapter discusses iron oxide minerals with their unique structures and properties, before the following section goes on to deal with the formation and transformation of iron oxides, covering geological, synthetic, medical, and microbiological as well as physico-chemical aspects. A chapter on corrosion from a chemical engineering viewpoint completes this section. Subsequent chapters are devoted to characterization techniques. Besides such classical methods as IR/Raman and Mössbauer spectroscopy, special attention is focused on X-ray based techniques, magnetic measurements, and electron microscopy for structural characterization. The final section is mainly devoted to exciting new applications of magnetic iron oxides, for example, in medicine. Additional chapters on geo/paleomagnetism, environmental aspects, and pigments illustrate the full scope of applications.
A must-read for anyone working in the field.

Damien Faivre studied physical chemistry at the Claude Bernard University (Lyon, France), spending a year as exchange student at Concordia University (Montreal, Canada). He continued with his doctoral thesis in geochemistry at the Institute for Earth Physics (Paris, France) and the California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, USA). At that point, he started to work on the mechanism of formation of synthetic and biological magnetite. In 2005, he joined the group of D. Schüler (Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany) to study the properties of magnetosomes formed by magnetotactic bacteria. Finally, on the invitation of P. Fratzl, director of the Department of Biomaterials of the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, he moved to Potsdam in 2007 as group leader to fuse his interests in bio- and biomimetic formation and assembly of magnetic iron oxides, for which he was awarded a starting grant from the ERC in 2010.

Autorentext
Currently a private lecturer at the University of Potsdam, Germany, Damien Faivre studied physical chemistry at the Claude Bernard University in Lyon, France, spending a year as an exchange student at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada. He continued with his doctoral thesis in geochemistry at the Institute for Earth Physics in Paris, France and, while still a PhD student, worked at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, USA. In 2005, he joined the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen, Germany, as Marie Curie Fellow of the EU to study the properties of magnetosomes and their formation mechanisms, and two years later moved to the Department of Biomaterials at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces in Potsdam, as group leader to combine his interests in bio- and biomimetic formation and the assembly of magnetic iron oxides, for which he was awarded a grant from the ERC in 2010.

Klappentext

Compiling all the information available on the topic, this ready reference covers all important aspects of iron oxides. Following a preliminary overview chapter discussing iron oxide minerals along with their unique structures and properties, the text goes on to deal with the formation and transformation of iron oxides, covering geological, synthetic, and biological formation, as well as various physicochemical aspects. Subsequent chapters are devoted to characterization techniques, with a special focus on X-ray-based methods, magnetic measurements, and electron microscopy alongside such traditional methods as IR/Raman and M ssbauer spectroscopy. The final section mainly concerns exciting new applications of magnetic iron oxides, for example in medicine as microswimmers or as water filtration systems, while more conventional uses as pigments or in biology for magnetoreception illustrate the full potential. A must-read for anyone working in the field.



Inhalt

List of Contributors XVII

Foreword XXV

Preface XXVII

1 Introduction 1
Damien Faivre

1.1 Iron Oxides: From Nature to Applications 1

1.2 A Very Brief Overview of the Iron Oxides and How They Found Names 3

References 5

Part I Formation, Transformation 7

2 Geological Occurrences and Relevance of Iron Oxides 9
France Lagroix, Subir K. Banerjee, and Mike J. Jackson

2.1 Introduction 9

2.2 Elemental Iron: From the Universe to the Earth 9

2.3 Residency of Elemental Iron on Earth 10

2.4 Mineral Forms of Iron Oxides 11

2.5 Occurrence and Geological Relevance of Iron Oxides 13

2.6 Iron Oxides in Continental Dust Deposits 19

2.7 Concluding Remarks 23

Acknowledgments 23

References 23

3 Reductive Dissolution and Reactivity of Ferric (Hydr)oxides: New Insights and Implications for Environmental Redox Processes 31
Stefan Pei?er and Moli Wan

3.1 Introduction 31

3.2 The Classical Perspective on Reductive Dissolution 32

3.3 Electron Transfer at Ferric (Hydr)oxides Surfaces: The Role of Fe(II) 33

3.4 Energetics at the Ferric (Hydr)oxide Interface 35

3.5 Rate Control: Surface versus Structural Properties 39

3.6 Interaction between Dissolved Sul?de and Ferric Hydroxides 42

3.7 Implications 47

References 48

4 Formation and Transformation of Iron-Bearing Minerals by Iron(II)-Oxidizing and Iron(III)-Reducing Bacteria 53
Jennyfer Miot and Marjorie Etique

4.1 Introduction 53

4.2 Biomineralization of Iron through Microbial Fe(II) Oxidation 54

4.3 Iron(III) Minerals: Electron Acceptors for Iron-Reducing Bacteria 60

4.4 Speci?c Properties of Iron Biominerals 64

4.5 Microbial Fe Redox Cycling: Past, Present, and Future 72

4.6 Conclusion 77

References 78

5 Controlled Biomineralization of Magnetite in Bacteria 99
Elodie C.T. Descamps, Jean-Baptiste Abbé, David Pignol, and Christopher T. Lefèvre

5.1 Introduction 99

5.2 Magnetotactic Bacteria 100

5.3 Organization and Role of Magnetosomes 102

5.4 Biomineralization of Magnetosomes 104

5.5 Mineral Phase of Magnetosomes 108

Acknowledgments 111

References 111

6 Ferritin Iron Mineralization and Storage: From Structure to Function 117
Noam Aronovitz, Michal Neeman, and Raz Zarivach

6.1 Introduction 117

6.2 Basic Structure of Ferritins 118

6.3 Iron Storage and Mineralization 123

6.4 NMR and MRI Studies of the Ferritin Iron Core 126

6.5 Magnetoferritin 127

6.6 Ferritin as a Biotechnological Tool 131

6.7 Protocol Annexes 133

References 137

7 Iron Oxides in the Human Brain 143
Joanna F. Collingwood and Neil D. Telling

7.1 Introduction 143

7.2 Iron Oxides Observed in the Human Brain 146

7.3 Properties of Iron Oxides in the Brain 150

7.4 Stored and Sequestered Iron Oxide in the Human Brain 155

7.5 Methods to Detect Iron Oxides in the Brain 160

7.6 Tools and Treatments: Manipulating Iron Oxides in the Brain 163

7.7 Concluding Remarks 166

Acknowledgments 166

References 166

8 The Chiton Radula: A Model System for Versatile Use of Iron Oxides 177
Derk Joester and Lesley R. Brooker

8.1 Functional Anatomy of the Mollusk Radula 177

8.2 Development of the Radula: Organic Matrix 180

8.3 The Discovery of Biominerals in the Radula 180

8.4 The Microarchitecture of Chiton Radula Teeth 181

8.5 Development of the Chiton Radula: Stages of Biomineralization 183

8.6 Development of the Radula: Biological Control 185

8.7 Role of Acidic Macromolecules in the Insoluble Organic Matrix 186

8.8 Soluble Organic Matrix Composition 186

8.9 Selective Deposition of Ferrihydrite in Stage II 187

8.10 Conversion of Ferrihydrite to Magnetite in Stage III 190

8.11 Phase Transformations in Stage IV 192

8.12 Final Functional Architecture 194

8.13 Concluding Remarks 197

References 198

9 Mineralization of Goethite in Limpet Radular Teeth 207
Tina Ukmar-Godec

9.1 Introduction 207

9.2 Structure, Properties, and Function of the Limpet Radula 207

9.3 Goethite Produced in the Laboratory 210

9.4 Goethite Produced in Limpets 213

9.5 Conclusion 221

References 222

10 Synthetic Formation of Iron Oxides 225
Corinne Chaneac, Anne Duchateau, and Ali Abou-Hassan

10.1 Introduction 225

10.2 Iron Oxide and Oxyhydroxide from Aqueous Ferric Solution 226

10.3 Iron Oxide and Oxyhydroxide from Aqueous Ferrous Solution 231

10.4 Iron Oxide Synthesis Using Micro?ui...

Produktinformationen

Titel: Iron Oxides
Untertitel: From Nature to Applications
Editor:
Autor:
EAN: 9783527691388
ISBN: 978-3-527-69138-8
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (epub)
Herausgeber: Wiley-Vch
Genre: Anorganische Chemie
Anzahl Seiten: 632
Veröffentlichung: 25.04.2016
Jahr: 2016
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 28.9 MB