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Vortex Rings

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Vortex flow is one of the fundamental types of fluid and gas motion. These flows are the most spectacular in the form of concentra... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Vortex flow is one of the fundamental types of fluid and gas motion. These flows are the most spectacular in the form of concentrated vortices, characterized by the localization of vorticity (curl of velocity) in bounded regions of a space, beyond which the vorticity is either absent or rapidly falls down to zero. Concentrated vortices are often observed in nature, exemplified by atmospheric cyclones, whirlwinds and tornados, oceanic vortices, whirlpools on a water s- face, and ring vortices caused by explosive outburst of volcanoes. In technical - vices concentrated vortices form when flow separates from sharp edges of flying vehicles and ships. Among these are vortices flowing off the ends of airplane wings, and intentionally generated vortices for intensification of burning in c- bustion chambers, vortices in cyclonic devices used for mixing or separation of impurities in fluids and gases. One such remarkable and frequent type of conc- trated vortices is a vortex ring which constitutes a vortex tube closed into a t- oidal ring moving in a surrounding fluid like an isolated body out of contact with solid boundaries of the flow region if such boundaries exist. Formation and motion of vortex rings are important part of the dynamics of a continuum medium and have been studied for more than a century.

Klappentext

This book presents a comprehensive coverage of the wide field of vortex rings. The book presents the results of systematic experimental investigations, theoretical foundation, as well as the practical applications of vortex rings, such as the extinction of fires at gushing gas and oil wells. All the basic properties of vortex rings as well as their hydrodynamic structures are presented. Special attention is paid to the formation and motion of turbulent vortex rings.



Inhalt
Theoretical Models of Vortex Rings.- Hydrodynamic Structure of a Vortex Ring.- Structure and Parameters of a Family of Vortex Rings Formed on Outflow of a Submerged Jet.- Vortex Ring Formation.- Motion of Turbulent Vortex Rings.- Practical Implementation of Vortex Rings: Extinction of Fires at Gushing Gas and Oil Wells.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Vortex Rings
Autor:
EAN: 9783642050169
ISBN: 978-3-642-05016-9
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Technik
Anzahl Seiten: 158
Veröffentlichung: 24.11.2009
Jahr: 2009
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 7.3 MB
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