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Cyanide Compounds in Biology

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Comprises the proceedings of a symposium held at the Ciba Foundation, March 1988. Contributors present an international, interdisc... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Comprises the proceedings of a symposium held at the Ciba Foundation, March 1988. Contributors present an international, interdisciplinary approach to the biology and biological chemistry of cyanide and related compounds. Addressed are the microbial metabolism of HCN and organic nitrile compounds, cyanogenesis in higher plants, qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis of cyanogenic glycosides, and detoxification of hydrogen cyanide by animals.

Autorentext

David Evered and Sara Harnett are the editors of Cyanide Compounds in Biology and other titles.



Klappentext
Cyanide Compounds in Biology Chairman: E. E. Conn 1988 This book provides an international, multidisciplinary approach to the biology and biological chemistry of cyanide and related compounds. It contains contributions by chemists, biochemists, biotechnologists, biologists, toxicologists and physicians. The topics discussed at the symposium fall into four groups. The first consists of three papers on the microbial metabolism of HCN and organic nitrile compounds. Knowledge of this subject has expanded significantly in recent years. The second group of papers deals with cyanogenesis in higher plants. Recent biosynthetic studies, the compartmentalization and metabolism of cyanogenic glycosides, studies of the simultaneous production of ethylene and HCN, and the molecular biology of cyanogenesis are reviewed. The third part of the meeting covered the role of cyanogenic glycosides as defence compounds used both by animals and by plants. A review of qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis of cyanogenic glycosides is included because of the need to know the kind and amount of cyanogen involved in plantherbivore relations and in insectpredator interactions. The fourth group of papers discusses the detoxification of HCN by animals. The role of sulphur in HCN detoxification by sulphur transferases is described; the practical subject of treatment of HCN poisoning is reviewed; and, finally, some nutritional consequences of metabolic interactions between cyanide, sulphur and selenium are discussed. The practical implications of research in the field of cyanide in biology are clear. This book records the presentations and discussions that proved to be a timely forum for the exchange and updating of information and ideas and for the exploration of future developments. Related Ciba Foundation Symposia: No 126 Selective neuronal death Chairman: H. M. Wisniewski 1987 ISBN 0 471 91092 9 No 133 Plant resistance to viruses Chairman: B. D. Harrison 1987 ISBN 0 471 91263 8 No 137 Applications of plant cell and tissue culture Chairman: Y. Yamada 1988 ISBN 0 471 91886 5

Inhalt
Partial table of contents:

Cyanide Utilization and Degradation by Microorganisms (C. Knowles).

Microbial Hydrolysis of Organic Nitriles and Amides (K. Ingvorsen, et al.).

The Industrial Potential of Microbial Nitrile Biochemistry (J. Wyatt & E. Linton).

Cyanogenic Glucosides: The Biosynthetic Pathway and the Enzyme System Involved (B. Halkier, et al.).

Localization and Catabolism of Cyanogenic Glycosides (J. Poulton).

Detoxification of Cyanide by Plants and Hormone Action (K. Manning).

Determination of Cyanide and Cyanogenic Compounds in Biological Systems (L. Brimer).

Mammalian Cyanide Detoxification with Sulphane Sulphur (J. Westley).

Nutritional and Biochemical Factors Influencing the Biological Effects of Cyanide (R. Davis, et al.).

The Mechanism of Cyanide Intoxication and Its Antagonism (J. Way, et al.).

Summary (E. Conn).

Index of Contributors.

Subject Index.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Cyanide Compounds in Biology
Editor:
EAN: 9780470513729
ISBN: 978-0-470-51372-9
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley
Genre: Biologie
Anzahl Seiten: 272
Veröffentlichung: 30.04.2008
Jahr: 2008
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 13.6 MB
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