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Assessing and Managing Earthquake Risk

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* Multidisciplinary approach of risk assessment and management, which can provide more efficient earthquake mitigation.* Tran... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

* Multidisciplinary approach of risk assessment and management, which can provide more efficient earthquake mitigation.

* Transfer of Geo-scientific and engineering knowledge to Civil Protection and insurance agents

* Approaches and common practices directly related to the preparation of earthquake emergency plans

* Illustrated examples of actual applications, including web sites

* Case-studies and information on relevant international projects



Klappentext

This book points out the need of a multidisciplinary approach in the field of risk assessment and management. It provides an overview of the problems, approaches and common practices directly related to earthquake risk mitigation and, in particular, to the preparation of earthquake emergency plans. Written by a team of specialists from different disciplines, the authors worked together extensively in order to create unity and continuity in the text as a whole. Each topic is illustrated with examples of actual applications taken from the bibliography including websites with available relevant information. Case studies and information on some relevant international projects are given.
Audience
This work will be of interest to students and professionals with a basic education in geology, geophysics, geotechnical and civil engineering, system analysis, geography and architecture. It can be used as a textbook for a specialized post-graduate course on the topic.



Zusammenfassung
Table 1. 1 reports the world's largest earthquakes since 1900 with respect to number of deaths (larger than or equal to 10 000), also showing the region of occurrence and the corresponding magnitudes. Both, from Figure 1. 2 and Table 1. 1 it is interesting to note that this period of time is characterized by an annual average of 15 000 deaths with two main fluctuations (modal values), the largest in the period 1900 to 1940 and another with a larger value in the decade of 1970-80. Figure 1. 2 shows the number of total deaths from the greatest earthquakes that occurred in the XX century. Although the number of victims has a tendency to decrease with time, the economic losses are increasing significantly (see Chapter 18 of this book). Table 1. 1. World earthquakes since 1900 with number of deaths greater than 10 000 Year Region Deaths Magnitude Year Region Deaths Magnitude 1905 India 19000 8. 6 1960 Agadir, Morocco 12000 5. 9 1906 Chile 20000 8. 6 1962 Iran 12000 7. 3 1907 Central Asia 12000 8. 1 1968 Iran 10000 7. 3 1908 Italy 70000 7. 5 1970 Yunnan, China 10000 7. 5 1915 Italy 29980 7. 5 1970 Peru 67000 7. 7 1917 Indonesia 15000 - 1972 Nicaragua 10000 6. 2 1918 China 10000 7. 3 1976 Guatemala 23000 7. 5 1920 China 220000 8. 5 1976 242000 7. 8 Tangshan, China 1923 Japon 142807 7. 9 1978 25000 7.

Inhalt
PrefaceEditors Note1. IntroductionC. S. Oliveira, A. Roca and X. GoulaPART I: EARTHQUAKE HAZARD AND STRONG MOTION2. Earthquake hazard assessment. C.S. Oliveira, A. Campos Costa3. Observation, characterization and prediction of strong ground motionX. Goula and T. Susagna4. Experimental and modelling techniques for seismic microzonationA. Roca, C.S. Oliveira , A. Ansal and S. Figueras5. Site- City InteractionP.Y. Bard et al. PART II: VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT6. Vulnerability assessment of dwelling buildingsA. Barbat, S. Lagomarsino and L. Pujades7. Vulnerability assessment of historical buildingsS. Lagomarsino8. Experimental techniques for assessment of building vulnerabilityM. Navarro and C.S.Oliveira9. Vulnerability assessment of lifelines systems, infrastructure and critical facilitiesK. Pitilakis et al.PART III: SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND RISK10. Damage scenarios and damage evaluationM.Erdik and Y.Fahjan11. Urban System Exposure to natural disasters : an integrated approachP. Masure and C. Lutoff12. Response of Hospital SystemsL. Pujades, A.Roca, C.S. Oliveira and S.SafinaPART IV: MANAGING EARTHQUAKE RISK13. Building against earthquakesF.Mañá and L. Bozzo14. Industrial facilitiesB. Mohammadioun and L.Serva15. Early warning and rapid damage assessmentM. Erdik and Y. Fahjan16. Technical Emergency ManagingA. Goretti and G. Di Pasquale17. Managing Civil ProtectionE. Galanti, A. Goretti, B. Foster and G. Di Pasquale18. Earthquakes Risk and InsuranceR. Spence and A. Coburn19. Reinforcing the building stockA. G. Costa20. Advanced techniques in modeling, response and recoveryL.Chiroiu et al.PART V: CASE STUDIES, INITIATIVES AND EXPERIENCES21. Seismic loss scenarios based on hazard de-aggregationApplication to the Metropolitan region of Lisbon, PortugalA. Campos Costa, M. L. Sousa, A. Carvalho, E. Coelho22. Loss scenarios for regional Emergency Plans: the case of Catalonia, SpainSusagna, T., Goula, X., Roca, A., Pujades L., Gasulla, N. and J.J. Palma23. An advanced approach to Earthquake risk scenarios with applications to different European towns P. Mouroux and B. LebrunReferencesIndex

Produktinformationen

Titel: Assessing and Managing Earthquake Risk
Untertitel: Geo-scientific and Engineering Knowledge for Earthquake Risk Mitigation: developments, tools, techniques
Editor:
EAN: 9781402036088
ISBN: 978-1-4020-3608-8
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Geologie
Anzahl Seiten: 545
Veröffentlichung: 04.12.2007
Jahr: 2007
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 22.4 MB

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