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Traffic and Granular Flow ' 05

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This book again continues the biannual series of (now six) conference proceedings, which has become a classical reference in traff... Weiterlesen
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This book again continues the biannual series of (now six) conference proceedings, which has become a classical reference in traffic and granular research alike. It addresses new developments at the borderline between physics, engineering and computational science. Complex systems, where many simple agents, be it vehicles or particles, give rise to surprising and fascinating phenomena.

The conference series Tra?c and Granular Flow has been established in 1995 and has since then been held biannually. At that time, the investigation of granular materials and tra?c was still somewhat exotic and was just starting to become popular among physicists. Originally the idea behind this conference series was to facilitate the c- vergence of the two ?elds, inspired by the similarities of certain phenomena and the use of similar theoretical methods. However, in recent years it has become clear that probably the di?erences between the two systems are much more interesting than the similarities. Nevertheless, the importance of various interrelations among these ?elds is still growing. The workshop continues to o?er an opportunity to stimulate this interdisciplinary research. Over the years the spectrum of topics has become much broader and has included also problems related to topics ranging from social dynamics to - ology. The conference manages to bring together people with rather di?erent background, ranging from engineering to physics, mathematics and computer science. Also the full range of scienti?c tools is represented with presentations of empirical, experimental, theoretical and mathematical work. TheworkshoponTra?candGranularFlow'05wasthesixthinthisseries. Previous conferences were held in Julic ¨ h (1995), Duisburg (1997), Stuttgart (1999), Nagoya (2001), and Delft (2003). For its 10th anniversary, Berlin was chosen as location, the largest city and capital of Germany. Berlin is also one ofthecentersfortransportrelatedresearchandhostsmanyresearchinstitutes that have a long history in the ?elds covered by the workshop.

Granular Flow.- Saturn's Rings Seen by Cassini Spacecraft: Discoveries, Questions and New Problems.- Universality Classes for Force Networks in Jammed Matter.- Species Segregation and Dynamical Instability of Horizontally Vibrated Granular Mixtures.- Lattice Versus Lennard-Jones Models with a Net Particle Flow.- Dune Formation.- Dynamics of Aeolian Sand Heaps and Dunes: The Influence of the Wind Strength.- Granular Shearing and Barkhausen Noise.- Component Analysis of Granular Friction.- Granular Flow and Pattern Formation on a Vibratory Conveyor.- Erosion Waves: When a Model Experiment Meets a Theory.- Bidisperse Granular Flow on Inclined Rough Planes.- Sheared and Vibrated Granular Gas in Microgravity.- A Domino Model for Granular Surface Flow.- Morphological Change of Crack Patterns Induced by Memory Effect of Drying Paste.- Hydrodynamic Interactions Between Electrically Charged Grains in Suspensions.- Particle Discharge Process from a Capillary Pipe.- Transport in Biological Systems.- From Intracellular Traffic to a Novel Class of Driven Lattice Gas Models.- Traffic Phenomena in Biology: From Molecular Motors to Organisms.- Cooperative Behaviour of Semiflexible Polymers and Filaments.- Traffic of Molecular Motors.- Stochastic Modelling and Experiments on Intra-Cellular Transport of Single-Headed Molecular Motors.- Traffic on Bidirectional Ant Trails: Coarsening Behaviour and Fundamental Diagrams.- Phase Diagram of Group Formation in 2-D Optimal Velocity Model.- On the Harmonic-Mean Property of Model Dispersive Systems Emerging Under Mononuclear, Mixed and Polynuclear Path Conditions.- Pedestrians.- Pedestrian Free Speed Behavior in Crossing Flows.- The Fundamental Diagram of Pedestrian Movement Revisited Empirical Results and Modelling.- Flow-Density Relations for Pedestrian Traffic.- Avoiding Inefficient Oscillations in Intersecting Vehicle and Pedestrian Flows by a Speed Limit.- Microscopic Calibration and Validation of Pedestrian Models: Cross-Comparison of Models Using Experimental Data.- The Simulation of Crowds at Very Large Events.- Transport-Equilibrium Schemes for Pedestrian Flows with Nonclassical Shocks.- Networks and Urban Traffic.- Decision-Making and Transport Costs in Complex Networks.- Specifica of Fundamental Diagram in Urban Traffic.- A Fluidodynamic Model for Traffic in a Road Network.- Approach to Critical Link Analysis of Robustness for Dynamical Road Networks.- Traffic Flow in Bogotá.- Simulating Pedestrian-Vehicle Interaction in an Urban Network Using Cellular Automata and Multi-Agent Models.- Multi-Phase Signal Setting and Capacity of Intersections.- Stability of Flows on Networks.- Laboratory Experiments with Nagel-Schreckenberg Algorithm.- Traffic Flow: Theory.- Phase Transitions in Stochastic Models of Flow.- Metastability of Traffic Flow in Zero-Range Model.- Extension of Cluster Dynamics to Cellular Automata with Shuffle Update.- Asymmetric Exclusion Processes with Non-Factorizing Steady States.- Two-Capacity Flow: Cellular Automata Simulations and Kinematic-Wave Models.- Mechanical Restriction Versus Human Overreaction: Accident Avoidance and Two-Lane Traffic Simulations.- Ramp Effects in Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Processes.- Linking Cellular Automata and Optimal-Velocity Models Through Wave Selections at Bottlenecks.- Linking Synchronized Flow and Kinematic Waves.- Probabilistic Description of Traffic Breakdown.- How to Calculate Traffic Breakdown Probability?.- Models for Highway Traffic and Their Connections to Thermodynamics.- Variance-Driven Traffic Dynamics.- Stability of Steady State Solutions in Balanced Vehicular Traffic.- Wave Selection Problems in the Presence of a Bottleneck.- Impacts of Lane Changes at Merge Bottlenecks: A Theory and Strategies to Maximize Capacity.- Modeling a Bottleneck by the Aw-Rascle Model with Phase Transitions.- Solvability and Metastability of the Stochastic Optimal Velocity Model.- Modeling of Flows with Power-Law Spectral Densities and Power-Law Distributions of Flow Intensities.- Relationship Between Non-Markovian- and Drift-Fokker-Planck Equation.- Traffic Flow: Empirical Results and Applications.- Accidents in Platoons of Vehicles.- Jam-Avoiding Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and its Impact on Traffic Dynamics.- Inter-Vehicle Communication on Freeways: Statistical Properties of Information Propagation in Ad-Hoc Networks.- Effects of Advanced Traveller Information Systems on Agents' Behaviour in a Traffic Scenario.- Chaotic Traffic Flows on Two Crossroads Caused by Real-Time Traffic Information.- A Vehicle Detection and Tracking Approach Using Probe Vehicle LIDAR Data.- Multi-Anticipative Car-Following Behavior: An Empirical Analysis.- Statistical Analysis of Floating-Car Data: An Empirical Study.- Scale-Free Features in the Observed Traffic Flow.- States of Traffic Flow in the Deep Lefortovo Tunnel (Moscow): Empirical Data.


Titel: Traffic and Granular Flow ' 05
EAN: 9783540476412
ISBN: 978-3-540-47641-2
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Sonstiges
Anzahl Seiten: 739
Veröffentlichung: 20.04.2007
Jahr: 2007
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 17.4 MB