Willkommen, schön sind Sie da!
Logo Ex Libris

Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution

  • E-Book (epub)
  • 464 Seiten
(0) Erste Bewertung abgeben
Bewertungen
(0)
(0)
(0)
(0)
(0)
Alle Bewertungen ansehen
The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. ... Weiterlesen
E-Books ganz einfach mit der kostenlosen Ex Libris-Reader-App lesen. Hier erhalten Sie Ihren Download-Link.
CHF 142.00
Download steht sofort bereit
Informationen zu E-Books
E-Books eignen sich auch für mobile Geräte (sehen Sie dazu die Anleitungen).
E-Books von Ex Libris sind mit Adobe DRM kopiergeschützt: Erfahren Sie mehr.
Weitere Informationen finden Sie hier.
Bestellung & Lieferung in eine Filiale möglich

Beschreibung

The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. The different driving mechanisms for landscape evolution are explored by reviewing the history of the Amazonian Craton, the associated sedimentary basins, and the role of mountain uplift and climate change.

This book provdes an insight into the Meso- and Cenozoic record of Amazonia that was characterized by fluvial and long-lived lake systems and a highly diverse flora and fauna. This fauna includes giants such as the ca. 12 m long caiman Purussaurus, but also a varied fish fauna and fragile molluscs, whilst fossil pollen and spores form relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.

Finally, a review the molecular datasets of the modern Amazonian rainforest and aquatic ecosystem, discussing the possible relations between the origin of Amazonian species diversity and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South America. The multidisciplinary approach in evaluating the history of Amazonia has resulted in a comprehensive volume that provides novel insights into the evolution of this region.

Carina Hoorn is a paleoecologist who studied geology and holds a PhD from the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) and an MSc in Science Communication (Imperial College, London). Currently she is liaised to the University of Amsterdam and her main research interests are Amazonia, the Himalayas, Tibet, and the coastal lagoons of Oman.

Frank Wesselingh is a molluscan palaeontologist who studied geology at the Vrije Universiteit (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) and holds a PhD from the University of Turku (Finland). Frank works at Naturalis, the Natural History Museum in Leiden (The Netherlands), and his research interests are fossil molluscan faunas of long-lived lakes, the North Sea Basin and the Indo-West Pacific.

Autorentext
Carina Hoorn is a paleoecologist who studied geology and holds a PhD from the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) and an MSc in Science Communication (Imperial College, London). Currently she is liaised to the University of Amsterdam and her main research interests are Amazonia, the Himalayas, Tibet, and the coastal lagoons of Oman.

Frank Wesselingh is a molluscan palaeontologist who studied geology at the Vrije Universiteit (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) and holds a PhD from the University of Turku (Finland). Frank works at Naturalis, the Natural History Museum in Leiden (The Netherlands), and his research interests are fossil molluscan faunas of long-lived lakes, the North Sea Basin and the Indo-West Pacific.



Klappentext
Amazonia, Landscape and Species Evolution is written with the following aims:
  • to explain the geological processes that formed Amazonia;
  • to explore the extent to which Amazonian biodiversity can be explained through pre-Quaternary processes;
  • to show how our understanding of the evolution of the Amazonian landscape, flora and fauna can be improved by combining geological and biological research;
  • to provide a starting point for future research in Amazonia.

The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. We explore the different driving mechanisms for landscape evolution by reviewing the history of the Amazonian Craton, the associated sedimentary basins, and the role of mountain uplift and climate change.

Throughout the book we provide an insight into the Meso- and Cenozoic record of Amazonia that was characterized by fluvial and long-lived lake systems and a highly diverse flora and fauna. This fauna includes giants such as the ca. 12 m long caiman Purussaurus, but also a varied fish fauna and fragile molluscs, whilst fossil pollen and spores form relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.

We also review the molecular datasets of the modern Amazonian rainforest and aquatic ecosystem, and discuss the possible relations between the origin of Amazonian species diversity and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South America. The multidisciplinary approach in evaluating the history of Amazonia has resulted in a comprehensive volume that provides novel insights into the evolution of this region.

The book is written by leading scientists of the Amazonian research community and, whilst serving as reference to all scientists working in the region, will be of particular interest to students and researchers concerned with the natural history of the region. Potential readers will include geologists, geographers and biologists who wish to understand the evolution of landscapes and biota of this unique region.



Inhalt
Dedication to Thomas van der Hammen vii

List of contributors ix

Prologue xii
Thomas van der Hammen

1 Introduction: Amazonia, landscape and species evolution 1
Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh

Part I Tectonic processes as driving mechanisms for palaeogeographical and palaeoenvironmental evolution in Amazonia.

2 Geological evolution of the Amazonian Craton 9
Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W.F. de Roever

3 The Paleozoic Solimões and Amazonas basins and the Acre foreland basin of Brazil 29
Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley-Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven

4 Tectonic history of the Andes and sub-Andean zones: implications for the development of the Amazon drainage basin 38
Andres Mora, Patrice Baby, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stéphane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt

5 Cenozoic sedimentary evolution of the Amazonian foreland basin system 61
Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice Baby, Mauricio Parra, Frédéric Christophoul, Stéphane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt

6 The Nazca Ridge and uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: implications for regional geology in northern South America 89
Nicolas Espurt, Patrice Baby, Stéphane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand

Part II Cenozoic depositional systems in Amazonia.

7 The Amazonian Craton and its infl uence on past fl uvial systems (Mesozoic-Cenozoic, Amazonia) 103
Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa-Lozano and Russell Mapes

8 The development of the Amazonian mega-wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) 123
Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero

9 Marine infl uence in Amazonia: evidence from the geological record 143
Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Räsänen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof

10 Megafan environments in northern South America and their impact on Amazon Neogene aquatic ecosystems 162
M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky

11 Long-term landscape development processes in Amazonia 185
Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola

Part III Amazonian climate, past and present.

12 Climate variation in Amazonia during the Neogene and the Quaternary 201
Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp

13 Modelling the response of Amazonian climate to the uplift of the Andean mountain range 211
Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frédéric Fluteau

14 Modern Andean rainfall variation during ENSO cycles and its impact on the Amazon drainage basin 223
Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker

Part IV Cenozoic development of terrestrial and aquatic biota: insights from the fossil record.

15 A review of Tertiary mammal faunas and birds from western Amazonia 245
Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin-Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre-Olivier Antoine

16 Neogene crocodile and turtle fauna in northern South America 259
Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera

17 The Amazonian Neogene fi sh fauna 281
John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Pérez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera

18 Amazonian aquatic invertebrate faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their development over the past 30 million years 302
Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria-Inês F. Ramos

19 The origin of the modern Amazon rainforest: implications of the palynological and palaeobotanical record 317
Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A.F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli

20 Biotic development of Quaternary Amazonia: a palynological perspective 335
Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra

Part V Modern perspectives on the origin of Amazonian biota.

21 Contrib...

Produktinformationen

Titel: Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution
Untertitel: A Look into the Past
Editor:
EAN: 9781444360257
ISBN: 978-1-4443-6025-7
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (epub)
Herausgeber: Wiley-Blackwell
Genre: Naturwissenschaft
Anzahl Seiten: 464
Veröffentlichung: 26.09.2011
Jahr: 2011
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 15.4 MB