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The Closure of Knowledge in Context

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 199 Seiten
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This book investigates whether knowledge is closed under known entailment. Traditionally it has been assumed that if a person know... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This book investigates whether knowledge is closed under known entailment. Traditionally it has been assumed that if a person knows some proposition p and also knows that this proposition entails another proposition q, then by inferring q from p that person would gain knowledge of q. This so-called 'Principle of Deductive Closure' is of intrinsic interest because, if true, it expresses an important structural characteristic of knowledge. It is also important to epistemology because it plays a central role in a number of sceptical arguments. Challenges to this principle of deductive closure have been formulated by Fred Dretske and Robert Nozick, among others. Most replies to these challenges, as well as the challenges themselves, make explicit or implicit use of the idea that our knowledge claims are not invariant, but relative to a context. Therefore, a substantial part of the book is devoted to an analysis of contextualism and a criticism of the current contextualistic accoun ts, focusing particularly on the concept of context and the mechanisms stipulated for the determination of contexts. A new form of contextualism, epistemic contextualism, is suggested that links context to epistemic parameters, namely the structures of our epistemic projects. Once developed, the account is then used to answer the challenge to the principle of deductive closure. Epistemic contextualism results in a limited closure principle.

Autorentext

Antonia Barke born 1966, studied Psychology, Philosophy, and German Literature at the University of Göttingen. Ph.D. 1999 at Corpus Christ College, Oxford. Since 2001 she is research asisstant at the Institute for Psychology at the University of Frankfurt/Main.

Produktinformationen

Titel: The Closure of Knowledge in Context
Autor:
EAN: 9783897852082
ISBN: 978-3-89785-208-2
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Mentis Verlag GmbH
Genre: 20. & 21. Jahrhundert
Anzahl Seiten: 199
Gewicht: 350g
Größe: H236mm x B156mm x T17mm
Veröffentlichung: 01.01.2002
Jahr: 2002