Crime prevention should be rational and should be based on the best possible evidence. Decision-makers should weigh heavily any available evidence on what works best. How can a program that has produced no discernable evidence of effectiveness, as shown through numerous evaluations, be considered for implementation? Unfortunately, this happens all the time. Evidence-based crime prevention attempts to overcome this and other obstacles by ensuring that the best available evidence is considered in any decision to implement a program designed to prevent crime. This book is about evidence-based crime prevention.
A project of the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, Preventing Crime brings together the leading scientific evidence on what works best for a wide range of interventions organized around four important domains in criminology: at-risk children, offenders, victims, and places. It is the first book to assess the effectiveness of criminological interventions using the most rigorous review methodology of the systematic review. It is an indispensable guide to the leading scientific evidence on what works best to prevent crime.Autorentext
David P. Farrington, O.B.E., is Professor of Psychological Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University, and Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh. He is co-chair of the U.S. National Institute of Justice Study Group on Transitions from Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime and co-chair of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control Expert Panel on Protective Factors against Youth Violence. His major research interest is in developmental criminology, and he is Director of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, which is a prospective longitudinal survey of over 400 London males from age 8 to age 48. In addition to over 500 published journal articles and book chapters on criminological and psychological topics, he has published over 75 books, monographs and government publications.Inhalt
Foreword. Preface. 1. Evidence-Based Crime Prevention.- Part I: What Works for Children. 2. Early Parent Training. 3. Child Social Skills Training.- Part II: What Works for Offenders. 4. Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions. 5. Boot Camps. 6. Scared Straight and Other Juvenile Awareness Programs. 7. Incarceration-Based Drug Treatment. 8. Costs and Benefits of Sentencing.- Part III: What Works for Victims. 9. Mandated Batterer Intervention Programs to Reduce Domestic Violence. 10. Restorative Justice to Reduce Victimization. 11. Preventing Repeat Residential Burglary Victimization.- Part IV: What Works for Places. 12. Policing Crime Hot Spots. 13. Closed-Circuit Television Surveillance. 14. Improved Street Lighting.- Part V: Policy Choices for A Safer Society. 15. Conclusions and Directions from Evidence-Based Crime Prevention.